Navigation Links
Can one-time tillage improve no-till?
Date:6/27/2010

MADISON, WI, June 28th, 2010 A one-time tillage has no adverse effects on yield or soil properties on no-till land, according to field research conducted at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Although tillage is another expense for farmers and generally increases the risk of soil erosion, a one-time tillage may be performed to correct some problem, such as a perennial weed problem.

The feasibility study was conducted for five years at two locations in eastern Nebraska. Charles Wortmann led the interdisciplinary team in examining the effects of a one-time tillage on no-till land for grain yield, reducing stratification of soil properties, increasing soil organic matter, and improving soil physical properties. The results were published in the July-August 2010 edition of Agronomy Journal.

Continuous no-till crop production has been widely adopted for reduced fuel consumption and labor requirement, erosion control, improved surface soil properties, increased profitability, and often increased yield. Crop yields have generally increased in the western and southern parts of the U.S., although northern agricultural lands have seen some declines in yield. Nebraska occupies a transition zone, with little change in yield due to no-till.

The researchers were testing whether one-time tillage of no-till could help manage certain perennial weeds, and reduce phosphorus stratification and runoff. They also wanted to determine if a one-time tillage, by burying the enriched surface soil and bringing deeper, less improved soil to the surface, improve soil structure and the distribution of soil nutrients.

Tillage did reduce stratification of phosphorus, soil organic matter and soil bulk density for the first years, but by the end of the five year experiment there was no difference between one-time till and no-till treatments. One-time tillage had no effect on soil organic matter content in the surface one foot of soil after five years. One possible negative effect of tillage was reduced microbial biomass at one site, but it did not affect grain yield.

The study areas consisted of one plot of grain sorghum rotated with soybean and corn with soybean at the other location. Tillage treatments included deep plowing with moldboard plows or a mini-moldboard plow, and disk tillage, and was done in late fall or very early spring to have low soil temperature and microbial biomass preceding and following tillage to minimize soil organic matter losses.

The authors concluded that one-time tillage of no-till can be done in eastern Nebraska without measureable long-term effects on yield or soil properties except for a change in soil microbial communities. Since tilling increases erosion risk, the authors recommend tilling only to address problems that cannot be cost-effectively managed with no-till practices.


'/>"/>

Contact: Sara Uttech
suttech@sciencesocieties.org
608-268-4948
American Society of Agronomy
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. RSA Designated as the Leader in One-Time Password Market by Frost & Sullivan
2. Tillage, rotation impacts peanut crops
3. No-tillage plus
4. Well-defined quantity of antioxidants in diet can improve insulin resistance
5. Compost filter socks improve runoff from croplands
6. Key nutrient in maternal diet promises dramatic improvements for people with Down syndrome
7. Consent forms for research: Have they improved in 25 years?
8. New bacterial signaling molecule could lead to improved vaccines
9. The search for improved carbon sponges picks up speed
10. ACS webinar focuses on how to improve technical writing skills
11. ARS scientists in North Dakota help improve potato storage capabilities
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/15/2016)... , Dec 15, 2016 ... Research and Markets has announced the addition ... offering. The report forecasts the global military biometrics market ... The report has been prepared based on an in-depth market ... and its growth prospects over the coming years. The report also includes ...
(Date:12/15/2016)... 2016  There is much more to innovative access ... engine. Continental will demonstrate the intelligence of today,s solutions ... . Through the combination of the keyless entry and ... elements, the international technology company is opening up new ... "The integration of biometric elements brings our ...
(Date:12/12/2016)... CLEVELAND , Dec. 12, 2016  Researchers ... commercial possibilities for graphene by combining the material ... a highly sensitive pressure detector able to sense ... of a small spider.  The ... and can be read here:  http://science.sciencemag.org/content/354/6317/1257 ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:1/17/2017)... , Jan. 17, 2017  Zimmer Biomet Holdings, ... quarter and full-year 2016 sales and earnings conference call ... January 31, 2017, at 8 a.m. Eastern Time.  A ... be made available at 7:30 a.m. Eastern Time the ... audio webcast can be accessed via Zimmer Biomet,s Investor ...
(Date:1/17/2017)... Jan. 17, 2017  Northwell Health today announced ... of precision cancer research. As ... health care provider, Northwell Health diagnoses and treats ... is a Germany -based oncology ... Together they will greatly expand cancer biobanking activities ...
(Date:1/17/2017)... ... January 17, 2017 , ... Diagenode, a leading global ... collaboration with the Heidelberg University Hospital and the German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ) ... company’s successful launch of its CATS (Capture and Amplification by Tailing and ...
(Date:1/16/2017)... ... January 16, 2017 , ... Attagene , a Research ... U.S. Small Business Administration. The Tibbetts Award honors the Small Business Innovation ... and are considered the best of the best from the thousands of firms ...
Breaking Biology Technology: