Navigation Links
Can one model the social deficits of autism and schizophrenia in animals?
Date:5/5/2011

Philadelphia, PA - 5 May 2011 - The use of animal models to study human disease is essential to help advance our understanding of disease and to develop new therapeutic treatments.

Social deficits are common in several psychiatric disorders, including autism spectrum disorders and schizophrenia. Individuals with severe social dysfunction can experience significant difficulties with everyday functioning.

Oxytocin and vasopressin are hormones that play key roles in emotional and social behaviors and bonding. Oxytocin has been suggested as a treatment to improve social behavior in individuals with autism, and initial studies in humans appear promising.

Now, scientists have further characterized a mouse model that provides some insights into biological factors related to social deficits, by comparing mice that had their oxytocin receptor gene made inactive, using a specialized technique called genetic knockout, with unaltered mice.

The knockout mice (OTR-/-) displayed impaired social behavior, increased aggression and reduced cognitive flexibility leading to resistance to change. These behaviors returned to normal when the OTR-/- mice were given oxytocin or vasopressin treatment.

"These findings confirm and highlight the importance of oxytocin for social behaviors. This animal model also may be useful in evaluating the effectiveness of drugs, including vasopressin agonists, that may help improve social behavior in autism, schizophrenia, and other disorders," said Dr. John Krystal, Editor of Biological Psychiatry, the journal publishing these results.

"While no animal model can be expected to replicate the full complexity of the human behavioral autistic phenotype, the OTR-/- mouse may really help to understand the co-occurrence of these symptoms as a syndrome," explained Dr. Bice Chini, author and senior researcher of CNR - Institute of Neuroscience, Milano.

One important goal now is to fully characterize the neurodevelopmental processes modulated by oxytocin and vasopressin in order to fully understand their ability to reverse autistic symptoms.


'/>"/>

Contact: Chris J. Pfister
C.Pfister@elsevier.com
215-239-3266
Elsevier
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Penn biophysicists create new model for protein-cholesterol interactions in brain and muscle tissue
2. Models of eel cells suggest electrifying possibilities
3. Anti-cancer drug prevents, reverses cardiovascular damage in mouse model of premature aging disorder
4. Swamping bad cells with good in ALS animal models helps sustain breathing
5. Moderate use averts failure of type 2 diabetes drugs in animal model
6. Multiple sclerosis research charges ahead with new mouse model of disease
7. A model to measure soil health in the era of bioenergy
8. New model predicts hot spots for mercury in fish
9. New movement models tested at the Smithsonian in Panama
10. Cytori reports benefit of adipose-derived regenerative cells in spinal disc model
11. Lifecycles of tropical cyclones predicted in global computer model
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/5/2017)... April 5, 2017  The Allen Institute for Cell ... Explorer: a one-of-a-kind portal and dynamic digital window into ... data, the first application of deep learning to create ... cell lines and a growing suite of powerful tools. ... these and future publicly available resources created and shared ...
(Date:4/4/2017)... YORK , April 4, 2017   EyeLock ... today announced that the United States Patent and Trademark ... patent broadly covers the linking of an iris image ... same transaction) and represents the company,s 45 th ... latest patent is very timely given the multi-modal biometric ...
(Date:3/30/2017)... The research team of The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU) ... ground breaking 3D fingerprint minutiae recovery and matching technology, pushing contactless ... use in identification, crime investigation, immigration control, security of access and ... ... A research team led by Dr Ajay Kumar ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:4/20/2017)... /PRNewswire/ - Prometic Life Sciences Inc. (TSX: PLI) (OTCQX: PFSCF) ("Prometic" ... Liver Congress ("ILC") 2017 of the European Association for the ... on the positive effects of PBI-4050 on reduction of ... metabolic syndrome. ... Dr. Lyne Gagnon, Vice-President of R&D Pre-clinical of Prometic "This ...
(Date:4/20/2017)... ... April 20, 2017 , ... Open Therapeutics and the ... sharing and commercialization model. , The Center for Advancing Innovation helps institutions maximize ... effort is bringing the IP to the attention of the entrepreneurial community and ...
(Date:4/20/2017)... April 20, 2017 For today, Stock-Callers.com ... novel drug development and clinical research aimed at treating diseases ... (NASDAQ: BSTG), Keryx Biopharmaceuticals Inc. (NASDAQ: KERX), Kite Pharma Inc. ... ). You can access our complimentary research reports on these ... ...
(Date:4/19/2017)... ... April 18, 2017 , ... Alisa Wright, founder and CEO ... from the Purdue College of Pharmacy in Lafayette, Indiana. , The Distinguished Alumni ... achievements in their careers and other scientific endeavors. , Wright began her career ...
Breaking Biology Technology: