Navigation Links
CCNY professor foresees rising Antarctic snowmelt
Date:12/3/2009

The 30-year record low in Antarctic snowmelt that occurred during the 2008-09 austral summer was likely due to concurrent strong positive phases for two main climate drivers, ENSO (El Nio - Southern Oscillation) and SAM (Southern Hemisphere Annular Mode), according to Dr. Marco Tedesco, Assistant Professor of Earth & Atmospheric Sciences at The City College of New York.

Professor Tedesco, who is also on the doctoral faculty at the CUNY Graduate Center, added that Antarctic snowmelt levels should revert to higher norms as one of the drivers, the SAM, subsides as the damage to the ozone layer is repaired. His conclusions, which are based on space-borne microwave observations between 1979 and 2009, were reported in "Geophysical Research Letters" earlier this fall.

"The study's goal was not only to report on melting but also on the relationship between melting and the climate drivers, El Nio and the SAM," he explained. Low melt years during the 1979-2009 satellite record are related to the strength of the westerly winds that encircle Antarctica, known as the Southern Hemisphere Annular Mode (SAM).

"When the SAM is in a positive phase meaning that the belt of winds is stronger than average it has a cooling effect on Antarctic surface temperatures," he explained. "The SAM was especially strong in austral spring and summer 2008-2009, and subsequently the 2008-2009 snowmelt was lower than normal."

During the past 30-40 years, the SAM has gradually strengthened during austral summer, due mainly to human-caused stratospheric ozone depletion, he continued. However, as the hole is repaired as a result of compliance with the Montreal protocol, the winds will weaken and Antarctica will be subject to more warming air.

The increasing summer SAM trends are projected to subside, he added. "It is likely that summer temperature increases over Antarctica will become stronger and more widespread because the warming effect from greenhouse gas increases will no longer be kept by the weakened circumpolar winds. The bottom line is as the ozone layer recovers we'll likely have more melting on Antarctica."

According to Professor Tedesco, variability in El Nio and the SAM account for up to 50 percent of the variations in Antarctic snowmelt. However, the melting trends over the whole continent derived from satellite data are not statistically significant, he noted.

"If you add one year of data, the trend could shift from positive to negative or vice versa. Thirty years is not enough to tell the overall trend for Antarctica." However, he noted that studies based on land observations with data going back to the 1950s support a warming trend, especially on the Antarctic Peninsula.


'/>"/>

Contact: Ellis Simon
esimon@ccny.cuny.edu
212-650-6460
City College of New York
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. LSU professors work to improve efficiency of ethanol fuel
2. LSU professor looks for life in and under antarctic ice
3. UGA Odum School of Ecology professor receives grant to study West Nile Virus in NYC
4. ETH Zurich professor Ari Helenius awarded Benoist Prize
5. Bad carbs not the enemy, University of Virginia professor finds
6. KGI professor contributes new insights on jumping genes
7. Professor Sir Martin Evans wins Nobel Prize for Medicine
8. Iowa State professors genome research published in the latest issue of Science
9. LSU professor studies army-ant-following birds
10. K-State chemistry professor to receive Masao Horiba award
11. TAU professor finds global warming is melting soft coral
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/5/2016)... , Feb. 5, 2016 ... of the "Global Facial Recognition Market ... --> http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/5kvw8m/global_facial ) has announced the ... Market 2016-2020" report to their offering. ... http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/5kvw8m/global_facial ) has announced the addition of ...
(Date:2/3/2016)... DUBLIN , Feb. 3, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... announced the addition of the "Emotion ... NLP, Machine Learning, and Others), Software Tools ... Application Areas, End Users,and Regions - Global ... offering. --> http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/d8zjcd/emotion_detection ) ...
(Date:2/2/2016)... , Feb. 2, 2016   Parabon NanoLabs ... the U.S. Army Research Office and the Defense ... and sensitivity of the company,s Snapshot Kinship ... Mission and, more generally, defense-related DNA forensics.  Although ... capabilities (predicting appearance and ancestry from DNA evidence), ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/8/2016)... ... , ... Bulk food product inspection systems are specifically designed ... the production process. Despite frequently inspecting loose product prior to packaging, product inspection ... sacks of dry powders. , Mettler-Toledo Product Inspection's brand-new white paper entitled "Improving ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... that its new website has gone live. On Thursday, Feb. 4, the company unveiled a re-envisioned ... Visit the new site: www.diplomat.is ... ... Diplomat Specialty Pharmacy ... "The goal was to reimagine the website and create a smarter, more comprehensive digital platform," said ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... 5, 2016 ATCC, the premier global biological ... the medical and life science researchers that are working ...   CDC website . --> ... virus is a single-stranded RNA virus of the Flaviviridae ... Dengue and Chikungunya Viruses. Zika virus is transmitted to ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... Australian-US drug discovery and development company, Novogen Limited (ASX:NRT; NASDAQ: ... Chairman, Mr John O,Connor , and new Deputy Chairman, ... James Garner , has also been formally appointed to the ... Iain Ross , will resume his role on the ... , has also been formally appointed to the Board as ...
Breaking Biology Technology: