Navigation Links
Bypass commands from the brain to legs through a computer
Date:8/14/2014

Gait disturbance in individuals with spinal cord injury is attributed to the interruption of neural pathways from brain to the spinal locomotor center, whereas neural circuits locate below and above the lesion maintain most of their functions. An artificial connection that bridges the lost pathway and connects brain to spinal circuits has potential to ameliorate the functional loss. A Japanese research group led by Shusaku Sasada, research fellow and Yukio Nishimura, associate professor of the National Institute for Physiological Sciences (NIPS), National Institutes of Natural Sciences (NINS) has successfully made an artificial connection from the brain to the locomotion center in the spinal cord by bypassing with a computer interface. This allowed subjects to stimulate the spinal locomotion center using volitionally-controlled muscle activity and to control walking in legs. This result was published online in The Journal of Neuroscience on August 13, 2014.

Neural networks in the spinal cord, locomotion center are capable of producing rhythmic movements, such as swimming and walking, even when isolated from the brain. The brain controls spinal locomotion center by sending command to the spinal locomotion center to start, stop and change waking speed. In most cases of spinal cord injury, the loss of this link from the brain to the locomotion center causes problems with walking.

The research group came up with bypassing the functioning brain and locomotion center with the computer to compensate lost pathways as a way to enable individuals with spinal cord injury to regain walking ability.

Since the arm movement associte with leg movement when we walk they used muscle activity of arm to sarogate the brain activity. The computer interface allowed subjects to control magnetic stimulator that drive to the spinal locomotion center non-invassively using volitionally-controlled muscle activity and to control walking in legs. As a results of experiments in people who are neurologically intact, the subjects were asked to make own legs relaxed and passively controlled via computer interface that was controlled by arm muscle, walking behavior in legs was induced and subjects could control the step cycle volitionally as well. However without bypassing with the computer interface, the legs did not move even if the arms muscle was volitionally acivated.

"We hope that this technology would compensate for the interrupted pathways' function by sending an intentionally encoded command to the preserved spinal locomotor center and regain volitionally-controlled walking in indviduals with paraplegia. However, the major challenge that this technology does not help them to dodge obstacles and to maintain posture. We are carefully working toward clinical application in near future", Nishimura said.


'/>"/>
Contact: Yukio Nishimura
yukio@nips.ac.jp
National Institutes of Natural Sciences
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology news :

1. Pitt develops biodegradable artery graft to enhance bypass surgeries
2. Gastric bypass surgery alters gut microbiota profile along the intestine
3. Brain training may lessen cognitive impairments associated with coronary bypass surgery
4. Gastric bypass surgery: Follow up as directed to lose more
5. For fish and rice to thrive in Yolo Bypass, just add water
6. Gut hormone test predicts individual efficacy of gastric bypass
7. Gastric bypass surgery improves diabetic patients quality of life
8. Commands from the matrix
9. REST is crucial for the timing of brain development
10. Holding a mirror to brain changes in autism
11. Strong scientific evidence that eating berries benefits the brain
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Bypass commands from the brain to legs through a computer
(Date:2/3/2016)... --> --> ... Fingerprint Identification System Market by Component (Hardware and Software), ... Finance, Government, Healthcare, and Transportation) and Geography - Global ... expected to be worth USD 8.49 Billion by 2020 ... 2020. The transformation and technology evolution from the manual ...
(Date:2/3/2016)... , Feb. 3, 2016 ... the addition of the "Emotion Detection ... Machine Learning, and Others), Software Tools (Facial ... Areas, End Users,and Regions - Global forecast ... --> http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/d8zjcd/emotion_detection ) has ...
(Date:2/2/2016)... 2016 This BCC Research report provides ... reviewing the recent advances in high throughput ‘omic ... field forward. Includes forecast through 2019. ... and opportunities that exist in the bioinformatic market. ... as well as IT and bioinformatics service providers. ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/8/2016)... Conn. , Feb. 8, 2016  NanoViricides, Inc. (NYSE MKT: ... its CEO, Eugene Seymour , MD, MPH, will present information ... at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel in New York City ... will be in the Windsor Room at 5:30PM EST. Registered attendees ... New York City . --> ...
(Date:2/6/2016)... ... February 06, 2016 , ... Contact:, Abby Mitchell, ... Excellence in Education Sponsors Teacher Training Program , Bite of Science Dinner Event ... Center for Excellence in Education (CEE) will sponsor a Bite of Science professional ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... SYDNEY , Feb. 5, 2016 Australian-US drug ... ), announced today the appointment of a new Chairman, Mr ... Bryce Carmine , effective immediately. James Garner ... an Executive Director and former Acting CEO, Mr Iain ... a Non-Executive Director. --> James Garner , has ...
(Date:2/4/2016)... ... February 04, 2016 , ... ... Club, takes place February 5-6 at the University’s student center, Kehr Union, ... such as workshops and competitions for ample networking, learning and collaborating opportunities. ...
Breaking Biology Technology: