Navigation Links
Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists publishes Japanese translation of special Fukushima issue
Date:9/20/2011

The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists today published Japanese translations of articles from its new special issue on the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station disaster. The online Japanese edition features influential writers examining the current and future impact of Fukushima, what might have been done to lessen the scale of the accident, and the steps we need to take both in Japan and worldwide to prevent another nuclear tragedy. Editorial and translation services for the Fukushima issue were made possible by a grant from Rockefeller Financial Services.

In the article Deconstructing the zero-risk mindset: The lessons and future responsibilities for a post-Fukushima nuclear Japan, Tatsujiro Suzuki revisits the tragedy at the nuclear power station, and highlights a few of the most pressing and most challenging of the government's plans. "Fukushima should not just contain lessons for Japan, but for all 31 countries with nuclear power," says Suzuki, who is vice-chairman of the Japan Atomic Energy Commission.

Nuclear or not? The complex and uncertain politics of Japan's post-Fukushima energy policy by Masa Takubo, an independent analyst on nuclear issues and a member of the International Panel on Fissile Materials, highlights the complex power struggle underway over the future of nuclear energy in Japan. "Despite the seriousness of the Fukushima crisis, Japan's historical commitment to nuclear power and a fuel cycle that includes reprocessing and breeder reactors still has powerful supporters," Takubo says. Even with a scale-down of nuclear power, the political inertia in addressing spent nuclear fuel reprocessing will most likely continue.

Frank N. von Hippel, co-founder of the Program on Science and Global Security at Princeton University and co-chair of the International Panel on Fissile Materials, looks at the projected health impacts following Fukushima in his article, The radiological and psychological consequences of the Fukushima Daiichi accident. Using the known after effects from Chernobyl and contrasting the extent of the incidents, von Hippel finds that the area in Japan contaminated with cesium-137 at the same levels that caused evacuation around Chernobyl is about one-tenth as large. The number of thyroid cancer cases is likely to be much smaller due partly to action taken by the Japanese Government in terms of evacuation and stopping people from consuming contaminated milk. However he cautions that the psychological effect on those living in the contaminated area could be substantial and must be addressed.

Physicist Edwin S. Lyman challenges nuclear industry claims that a Fukushima-type event is unlikely to happen in the United States, because few US nuclear power plants are vulnerable to tsunamis. In his article Surviving the one-two nuclear punch: Assessing risk and policy in a post-Fukushima world, he writes that every nuclear plant is vulnerable to natural disaster or deliberate attack, and a nuclear plant can only handle events it is engineered to withstand. "Many US nuclear plants appear to be subject to greater risks than they were designed to handle," he says, "particularly in regard to earthquakes." The author suggests that the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission should require reactors to be upgraded to withstand a greater range of eventualities.

Sharon M. Friedman looks at media coverage in her article, Three Mile Island, Chernobyl, and Fukushima: An analysis of traditional and new media coverage of nuclear accidents and radiation. A significant difference in Fukushima coverage compared with the earlier incidents was the enormous amount of information available on the Internet. In addition to journalist contributions, citizens contributed significantly via social media. The Internet provided many opportunities for better coverage, with more space for articles and the ability to present interactive graphics and videos. "Radiation coverage of the Fukushima accident was better than that for the Three Mile Island or Chernobyl accidents," says Friedman, although "television reporting still presented some problems."

In their article Fukushima: The myth of safety, the reality of geoscience, Johannis Nggerath, Robert J. Geller, and Viacheslav K. Gusiakov look at the anzen shinwa (safety myth) image portrayed by the Japanese Government and electric power companies, and how it stifled honest and open discussion of the risks to nuclear installations from seismic events. Opportunities were missed: Between the 1970s and the 2011 disaster, new scientific knowledge emerged about the likelihood of a large earthquake and resulting tsunami. "Japan's seismological agencies are locked into outdated and unsuccessful paradigms that lead them to focus on the hazard of a supposedly imminent earthquake in the Tokai district, located between Tokyo and Nagoya, while downplaying earthquake hazards elsewhere in Japan," the authors say.


'/>"/>

Contact: Jayne Fairley
jayne.fairley@sagepub.co.uk
44-207-324-8719
SAGE Publications
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. January-February GSA Bulletin media highlights
2. SAGE to publish the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists
3. World Health Organization releases latest Dengue Bulletin
4. Regenerative powers in the animal kingdom explored in special issue of the Biological Bulletin
5. Atomic-resolution views suggest function of enzyme that regulates light-detecting signals in eye
6. Anatomical Science International joins Springers publishing program
7. Atomic-level snapshot catches protein motor in action
8. Caltech chemists develop simple technique to visualize atomic-scale structures
9. Magnetisms subatomic roots
10. Atomic weights of 10 elements on periodic table about to make an historic change
11. Insects hold atomic clues about the type of habitats in which they live
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/18/2016)... March 18, 2016 --> ... Biometrics, ICT, Manned & Unmanned Vehicles, Physical infrastructure and Perimeter ... companies in the border security market and the continuing migration ... Europe has led visiongain to publish ... success. --> defence & security companies in ...
(Date:3/15/2016)... March 15, 2016 Yissum Research Development ... technology-transfer company of the Hebrew University, announced today the ... sensing technology of various human biological indicators. Neteera Technologies ... million from private investors. ... the detection of electromagnetic emissions from sweat ducts, enables ...
(Date:3/11/2016)... March 11, 2016 http://www.apimages.com ) - ... Picture is available at AP Images ( http://www.apimages.com ) - ... be used to produce the new refugee identity cards. DERMALOG will ... at CeBIT in Hanover next week.   ... will be used to produce the new refugee identity cards. DERMALOG ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:4/28/2016)... ... April 28, 2016 , ... Morris Midwest ( http://www.morrismidwest.com ... regional manufacturers at its Maple Grove, Minnesota technical center, May 11-12. The ... Trumpf. Almost 20 leading suppliers of tooling, accessories, software and other related ...
(Date:4/27/2016)... , April 27, 2016 ... (CSE: NSK) (OTCPink: NSKQB) ( Frankfurt ... an ihre Pressemitteilung vom 13. August 2015 die ... ihre Finanzen um zusätzliche 200.000.000 Einheiten auf 400.000.000 ... Dollar zu bringen. Davon wurden 157.900.000 Einheiten mit ...
(Date:4/27/2016)... ... April 27, 2016 , ... A compact PET scanner called ... MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) in existing third-party MRI systems. PET and MRI are ... animal subjects. Simultaneous PET/MRI imaging offers a solution to many challenges that face ...
(Date:4/26/2016)... ... April 27, 2016 , ... Cameron Cushman ... an associate in the firm’s Intellectual Property practice group. , Clients turn to ... applications. He has an electrical engineering and computer engineering background, and experience in ...
Breaking Biology Technology: