Navigation Links
Building strong bones: Running may provide more benefits than resistance training, MU study finds
Date:2/27/2009

COLUMBIA, Mo. Osteoporosis affects more than 200 million people worldwide and is a serious public health concern, according to the National Osteoporosis Foundation. Resistance training often is recommended to increase and prevent loss of bone mineral density (BMD), although previous studies that examined the effects of resistance training in men produced varied results. Now, in a new study, University of Missouri researchers have found that high-impact activities, such as running, might have a greater positive effect on BMD than resistance training.

"The results of the study confirm that both resistance training and high-impact endurance activities increase bone mineral density. However, high-impact sports, like running, appear to have a greater beneficial effect," said Pam Hinton, associate professor in the Department of Nutrition and Exercise Physiology in the MU College of Human Environmental Sciences.

According to the researchers, the true effects of weight-bearing or resistance exercise are only apparent when controlling for differences in body weight or composition. People who primarily perform non weight-bearing activities will benefit from resistance training that increases lean body mass, Hinton said. People who engage in activities, such as cycling, swimming, or rowing, should add bone-strengthening activities, such as resistance training or running, to their exercise regimens.

"Exercise programs to increase bone strength should be designed using what is known about how bones respond to exercise," Hinton said. "Only the skeletal sites that experience increased stress from exercise will become stronger. For example, performing upper body resistance exercises will not increase bone mineral density of the hips. The response of bone to loading is determined by the magnitude of the force, and the rate and direction(s) at which it is applied. Therefore, high-impact, dynamic, multi-directional activities, including structured jump-training (plyometrics), result in greater gains in bone strength. Playing basketball, volleyball, or soccer are also good options."

In the study, the researchers determined the effects of long-term running, cycling, and resistance training on whole-body and regional BMD, taking into account the effects of body weight and composition, in men ages 19 to 45. After adjusting for differences in lean body mass, the researchers found that runners had greater spine BMD than cyclists. Lean body mass was positively associated with BMD in both resistance-trained individuals and cyclists but not in runners; therefore, high-impact activity may override the benefits of lean body mass on BMD, Hinton said.


'/>"/>

Contact: Emily Smith
Smithea@missouri.edu
573-882-3346
University of Missouri-Columbia
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology news :

1. Cell-building discovery could reduce need for some animal research
2. Building better bones and tissue in the lab
3. Building the blood-brain barrier
4. Building a better bee
5. Building a stronger roof over your head: 3 little pigs project begins first tests
6. Green roofs differ in building cooling, water handling capabilities
7. Building bridges between the clinic and the laboratory
8. 1/3 of reef-building corals face extinction
9. NJIT architect professor advocates best-building practices for high wind regions
10. Manchester clears first hurdle in €170 million biobank building boom
11. Building on pyramids of trash
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Building strong bones: Running may provide more benefits than resistance training, MU study finds
(Date:2/9/2016)... Inc. (NASDAQ: AWRE ), a leading supplier of biometrics software ... year ended December 31, 2015.  --> ... $6.9 million, an increase of 61% compared to $4.3 million in ... of 2015 was $2.6 million compared to $0.2 million in the ... --> Higher revenue and operating income in the fourth quarter ...
(Date:2/4/2016)... , Feb. 4, 2016 The field ... one of the most popular hubs of the ... and other huge studies of human microbiota, have ... few years, the microbiome space has literally exploded ... research. This report focuses on biomedical aspects ...
(Date:2/3/2016)... , Feb. 3, 2016 ... addition of the "Emotion Detection and ... Learning, and Others), Software Tools (Facial Expression, ... End Users,and Regions - Global forecast to ... --> http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/d8zjcd/emotion_detection ) has announced ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/11/2016)... New York, NY (PRWEB) , ... ... ... International (BPI), a business-to-business publication dedicated to delivering cutting-edge information focused on ... GE Healthcare Life Sciences to become a premier sponsor of the 2016 ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... WASHINGTON , Feb. 11, 2016   BioInformant ... strategic report, "Stem Cell Research Products, Opportunities, Tools, and ... 2020. ... specialize in the stem cell industry, BioInformant has more ... of the stem cell market, by stem cell type. ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... ... , ... Global Stem Cells Group, has announced ... new facility will provide advanced protocols and state-of-the-art techniques in cellular medicine, focusing ... The new GSCG clinic is headed by four prominent Ecuadorian physicians, including Pablo ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... -- The Maryland House of Delegates and House Speaker ... Maryland School of Medicine Dean E. Albert Reece ... System President and CEO Robert Chrencik , MBA, ... given to the public by the leader of the ... and Mr. Chrencik for their contributions to our statewide ...
Breaking Biology Technology: