Navigation Links
Breath analysis reliably indicates presence, level of infection in mice, UCI study finds
Date:8/1/2013

Irvine, Calif., July 31, 2013 Breath analysis may prove to be an accurate, noninvasive way to quickly determine the severity of bacterial and other infections, according to a UC Irvine study appearing online today in the open-access journal PLOS ONE.

Employing a chemical analysis method developed for air pollution testing, UC Irvine microbiologists and chemists were able to correlate inflammation levels in laboratory mice to the amount of naturally produced carbon monoxide and other gases in breath samples.

The findings point to human applications of this technology in emergency rooms and intensive care units, potentially augmenting or replacing blood tests.

"Breath analysis has been showing promise as a diagnostic tool in a number of chronic diseases," said Dr. Alan Barbour, professor of microbiology & molecular genetics and medicine. "This study provides the first evidence that it can be used for rapid clinical assessment of infections, which can lead to prompt institution of effective treatments."

Barbour collaborated with UC Irvine chemist Donald Blake, utilizing a gas analysis method devised for the Rowland-Blake lab's atmospheric chemistry research, which measures the level of trace gases that contribute to local and regional air pollution. It's one of the few research groups in the world recognized for its ability to gauge precisely at the parts-per-trillion level. Previous breath sampling work by the Rowland-Blake lab has involved diabetes, cystic fibrosis and kidney failure.

Barbour believed that breath analysis could additionally be used on infections, which elicit strong inflammatory responses in the body. Several compounds, or "biomarkers," are by-products of these responses. They can be identified in blood but also detected in exhaled breath.

Studying mice with bacterial blood infections, the researchers found that increases in the severity of infection elicited significantly higher amounts of carbon monoxide in relation to carbon dioxide in breath samples, making carbon monoxide a reliable biomarker for the presence and intensity of infection. Importantly, the carbon monoxide returned to normal levels soon after an antibiotic was given.

"Using a breath analysis method like this could help physicians in the emergency room and ICU make critical decisions about serious infections more quickly than if they had to wait for blood tests to come back from the lab," Barbour said.

He and Blake will next expand their research to human breath samples. Their diagnostic method is currently under patent review.


'/>"/>

Contact: Tom Vasich
tmvasich@uci.edu
949-824-6455
University of California - Irvine
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. How much a single cell breathes
2. Microorganisms detected via breath test linked to body mass, fat accumulation
3. Vitamin D benefits breathing in tuberculosis patients
4. Biobatteries catch breath
5. Nemo helps anemone partner breath by fanning with his fins
6. Scientists trick iron-eating bacteria into breathing electrons instead
7. New equipment is breath of fresh air for childrens lung researchers
8. New analysis of premature infants heartbeats, breathing could be cues for leaving NICU
9. Trust in leaders, sense of belonging stir people to safeguard common goods, analysis shows
10. Major global analysis offers hope for saving the wild side of staple food crops
11. Artifact suppression and analysis of brain activities with EEG signals
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/28/2016)... First quarter 2016:   , Revenues amounted to ... of 2015 The gross margin was 49% (27) ... operating margin was 40% (-13) Earnings per share rose ... was SEK 249.9 M (21.2) , Outlook   ... The operating margin for 2016 is estimated to exceed ...
(Date:4/15/2016)... -- Research and Markets has announced the ...  report to their offering.  ,      ... gait biometrics market is expected to grow at ... Gait analysis generates multiple variables such ... compute factors that are not or cannot be ...
(Date:3/29/2016)... March 29, 2016 LegacyXChange, Inc. ... "LEGX" and SelectaDNA/CSI Protect are pleased to announce our ... in a variety of writing instruments, ensuring athletes signatures ... created collectibles from athletes on LegacyXChange will be assured ... the DNA. Bill Bollander , CEO ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:6/27/2016)...  Liquid Biotech USA , ... Sponsored Research Agreement with The University of Pennsylvania ... cancer patients.  The funding will be used to ... clinical outcomes in cancer patients undergoing a variety ... employed to support the design of a therapeutic, ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... , ... Researchers at the Universita Politecnica delle Marche in Ancona combed medical ... mesothelioma. Their findings are the subject of a new article on the Surviving Mesothelioma ... in the blood, lung fluid or tissue of mesothelioma patients that can help point ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... Md. , June 23, 2016 A person ... from the crime scene to track the criminal down. ... the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) uses DNA evidence ... Sound far-fetched? It,s not. The FDA ... sequencing to support investigations of foodborne illnesses. Put as simply ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... , June 23, 2016   EpiBiome , a ... $1 million in debt financing from Silicon Valley Bank ... automation and to advance its drug development efforts, as ... facility. "SVB has been an incredible strategic ... services a traditional bank would provide," said Dr. ...
Breaking Biology Technology: