Navigation Links
Breaking biomass better
Date:7/12/2010

nd lignin by invading xylem tissue, and researchers hope that studying its 38.5 million nucleotide genome (containing about 13,200 genes) will help them harness the most relevant set of enzymes for specific biofuel production strategies. White rot fungi also have potential bioremediation applications as they have enzymes that can break down contaminants such as uranium and heavy metals.

"The surprise we saw is how significantly larger is the variety of enzymes in S. commune that are involved in plant biomass degradation compared to P. chrysosporium," Grigoriev said. "In fact, S. commune has among the most extensive enzymatic machinery for degrading cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin of the fungi we examined."

One additional advantage to using S. commune, said study senior author Han Wosten, a microbiologist at the University of Utrecht who is studying S. commune's mushroom-forming capabilities, is that the fungus can be easily grown in the lab. Additionally, he said, researchers can inactivate the genes in S. commune by deleting them. "This is the only mushroom-forming fungus in which gene deletions have been made," he said, "allowing us to study the roles of genes in wood degradation and mushroom formation." Wosten also suggested that there are opportunities for inserting genes and modulating expression levels to drive target protein production pathways.

Grigoriev said the DOE JGI is in the process of sequencing over a dozen more wood-decaying fungi. According to the Genomes OnLine Database (GOLD) the DOE JGI is responsible for more than a third of all fungal genomes sequenced or in the queue to be sequenced worldwide, and with two white-rot fungi and a brown-rot fungus done, he added, "we think we're only touching the surface and we need to look at more genomes in order to understand the whole scope of diversity and mechanisms applied to degrading cellulose."


'/>"/>

Contact: David Gilbert
degilbert@lbl.gov
925-296-5643
DOE/Joint Genome Institute
Source:Eurekalert  

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. New book summarizes research on symmetry breaking in biology
2. Scripps Research team provides groundbreaking new understanding of stem cells
3. Life Technologies, TGen and US Oncology partner on groundbreaking breast cancer sequencing research
4. Breaking the aphids code
5. Groundbreaking Videourology journal launched by Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
6. Groundbreaking model of heart disease rewarded with NIH Pioneer Award
7. Research Councils UK sign groundbreaking MoU with Brazil
8. UTs Valentin Dragoi gets $1.2 million grant for groundbreaking approach to brain research
9. Breaking the ties that bind: New hope for biomass fuels
10. Tufts students host Earth Day with groundbreaking ceremony for solar house
11. NIH funds development of resistance-breaking insecticides to reduce malaria transmission
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Breaking biomass better
(Date:7/11/2014)... A new report from the Wildlife Conservation Society ... only help economically valuable species such as lobster, ... also help re-colonize nearby reef areas. , The ... a systematic review of research literature from no-take ... by Dr. Craig Dahlgren, a recognized expert in ...
(Date:7/11/2014)... Tenn., July 11, 2014--Researchers at the Department of ... R&D 100 awards, presented by R&D Magazine in ... , "These awards recognize the tremendous value of ... Moniz. "Research and development at the National Labs ... challenges and pursue the scientific and technological innovations ...
(Date:7/11/2014)... were many fires burning in eastern New South Wales, ... 11. , At 03:35 UTC on July 11 (12:35 ... Aqua passed over eastern New South Wales (NSW), the ... visible image of the region and spotted smoke (light ... MODIS,s thermal bands, are outlined in red. , The ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Belize's lobster, conch, and fish populations rebuild in no-take zones 2ORNL wins eight R&D 100s 2ORNL wins eight R&D 100s 3ORNL wins eight R&D 100s 4
... for the popular television show "Are You Smarter than a 5th ... The conventional wisdom: rods and cones. The human retina contains ... movement, and about 7 million cones, which in addition detect color. ... not exist. But that might not be true, according to ...
... of all acute leukemias represents a small population of ... standard treatments available today. Though current chemotherapy can produce ... of experiencing a recurrence and dying from the disease. ... rare form of leukemia called acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL), ...
... ANN ARBOR, Mich.---In cells, as in cities, disposing ... is an essential service. In both city and cell, ... New research by University of Michigan cell ... how the cell,s garbage dump and recycling center, the ...
Cached Biology News:Blind mice can 'see' thanks to special retinal cells 2Grant to fund research into eradicating the leukemia stem cell 2Opening the gate to the cell's recycling center 2
(Date:7/12/2014)... (PRWEB) July 12, 2014 ... various reagents used in the life science ... the life science reagents market towards remarkable ... manufacturers and providers of life science reagents. ... Report: http://www.transparencymarketresearch.com/life-sciences-reagents-analytical-reagents.html . , The global ...
(Date:7/11/2014)... BEACH, Fla. , July 11, 2014 /PRNewswire-iReach/ -- ... of high-quality peptides that are used solely in scientific ... honor two successful years in business, Maxim Peptide, which ... has just launched a new and updated website that ... research blog section has been updated with fascinating articles ...
(Date:7/11/2014)... , July 11, 2014 , ... part) in, into or from any jurisdiction where to do ... such jurisdiction.  Shire plc ("Shire" or the "Company") ... article this afternoon.  Shire confirms it has held a meeting ... made by Shire without the prior agreement or approval of ...
(Date:7/11/2014)... 2014 Research and Markets  has announced ... - Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends and ... http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20130307/600769 Transfection ... DNA or RNA) into cells. This technology helps the ... and protein metabolism by affecting the nuclear genes. The ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Transparency Market Research: Life Science Reagents Market- PCR Reagent Kits, Cell and Tissue Culture, Flow Cytometry, Electrophoresis and Chromatography 2Transparency Market Research: Life Science Reagents Market- PCR Reagent Kits, Cell and Tissue Culture, Flow Cytometry, Electrophoresis and Chromatography 3Maxim Peptide Celebrates Second Anniversary Online with an Updated Website and Special Deals Section 2Shire plc - Statement re: Media Speculation 2International Transfection Technology Market - Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends and Forecast to 2019 2
... labeling and mass spectrometry-based techniques, Mark Chance, PhD, director ... Center for Proteomics and Bioinformatics and professor of physiology ... Center for Proteomics and Bioinformatics; and a research team ... were able to take a high resolution picture of ...
... , , ... Ormsby reports: , , , ... that the Company has engaged the services of Robert B. Nealon, Esq. as ... in Nealon & Associates, P.C., a Washington, D.C. based law and government relations ...
... association studies have uncovered a number of DNA variants ... risk variants lie outside of genes, posing a challenge ... In a report published online today in ... a functional DNA element associated with prostate cancer, lending ...
Cached Biology Technology:Case Western Reserve University-led team takes high resolution photo of a K+ channel 2Case Western Reserve University-led team takes high resolution photo of a K+ channel 3IGEN Networks engages new Director and Chairman of the Board 2IGEN Networks engages new Director and Chairman of the Board 3Prostate cancer risk variant found to be in a functional DNA sequence linked with disease 2Prostate cancer risk variant found to be in a functional DNA sequence linked with disease 3
... membrane and filter paper sandwiches are composed ... two sheets of thick filter paper that ... filter paper sandwich. These 7 x 8.5 ... immunoblotting fit Ready Gel-sized gels and are ...
... inhibits protein synthesis. Acts by inhibiting ... Reported to induce apoptosis in a ... cells, Jurkat cells, ventricular myocytes, and ... and immediate early gene induction. Selective ...
... The RC DC protein assay kit I provides ... concentration in the presence of reducing agents and ... colorimetric assay. The kit includes reagents and standards ... reagent I, 250 ml RC reagent II, 250 ...
Recommended for use as a cell culture substratum at 0.1-0.2 mg/cm 2 or 5-10 μl/cm 2 . Optimal concentration depends on cell type as well as the application or research objectives. Type B...
Biology Products: