Navigation Links
'Brain training' may lessen cognitive impairments associated with coronary bypass surgery
Date:9/17/2012

This release is available in French.

Each year in Quebec, nearly 6000 people undergo coronary bypass surgery. Recovery is long and quality of life is greatly affected, in particular because most patients experience cognitive deficits that affect attention and memory for weeks or even months after the surgery. However, cognitive training helps to significantly reduce these postoperative complications according to a study that will be presented by Dr. Louis Bherer, PhD (Psychology), a laboratory director and researcher at the Institut universitaire de griatrie de Montral (IUGM), an institution affiliated with Universit de Montral at the Socit Franaise de Mdecine Physique et de Radaptation symposium in Toulouse, on October 20. He is also the Canada Research Chair in Aging and the Prevention of Cognitive Decline and a professor at Universit du Qubec Montral. The study was carried out with his student milie de Tournay-Jett and codirected by Dr. Gilles Dupuis from Universit du Qubec Montral (UQAM).

Speeding up recovery and improving quality of life

This study demonstrated that patients suffering from cognitive deficits after coronary bypass surgery could greatly benefit from cognitive training that targets both attention and memorythe cognitive functions most affected after this type of operation. "It is clear that seniors' brains have a certain degree of plasticity," Dr. Louis Bherer commented, "as we observed improvement in memory and attention even in subjects who did not undergo this training. In my opinion, this is a very useful discovery, as it suggests that patients should receive cognitive training in addition to the usual medical follow-up." What's more, benefits from the training are maintained over time.

Dr. Bherer wanted to know whether these subjects' brains maintained plasticity despite the patients' advanced age, in other words, whether training aimed at a specific function would lead to benefits for other non-targeted functions. Through regular follow-up over six months, the researchers measured progress in 44 patients over the age of 65 who were chosen based on whether they were in good physical and mental health before the surgery.

The study suggests that the development of cognitive rehabilitation tools would be highly beneficial for patients who undergo coronary bypass surgery as a way to speed up their recovery and improve their quality of life.

Research summary

The day before their surgery, participants took a number of neuropsychological tests to measure their cognitive functions, including verbal fluency, short-term and delayed memory, interference effect, psychomotor speed, sustained and selective attention, ability to multitask, etc. The subjects were then divided into three groups for the study. The control group subjects did not undergo any cognitive training after their operations. The second group received memory training followed by training that aimed to improve attention level. Finally, the third group received attention training followed by memory training. The patients retook the neuropsychological tests 3 to 7 days after their surgeries as well as 1 month later to measure cognitive losses. After the testing, 65% of them showed a cognitive deficit after 1 week, a deficit that was still present for 41% of them after 1 month. Between the 6th and 10th week after the surgery, patients had 4 sessions of cognitive training 2 times per week. The patients then took various cognitive tests again at 3 months and 6 months.


'/>"/>

Contact: William Raillant-Clark
w.raillant-clark@umontreal.ca
514-343-7593
University of Montreal
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. REST is crucial for the timing of brain development
2. Holding a mirror to brain changes in autism
3. Strong scientific evidence that eating berries benefits the brain
4. The Japanese traditional therapy, honokiol, blocks key protein in inflammatory brain damage
5. Step forward in research into new treatments for brain edema
6. University of Alberta led research may have discovered how memories are encoded in our brains
7. Nanotherapy: Treating deadly brain tumors by delivering big radiation with tiny tools
8. Friendly to a fault, yet tense: Personality traits traced in brain
9. New discoveries about brain-hand connection sought to improve therapies, treatments, prosthetics
10. Autism risk gene linked to differences in brain structure
11. Amyloid beta in the brain of individuals with Alzheimers disease
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:1/13/2016)... 2016 http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/7h6hnn/india_biometrics ... the  "India Biometrics Authentication & Identification ...  report to their offering.  ... the addition of the  "India Biometrics ... & Forecast (2015-2020)"  report to ...
(Date:1/11/2016)...  higi, the leading retail and omni-channel community engagement ... and mobile, today announced it has closed funding ... --> --> ... higi,s health platform – its network of health ... expanding services and programs to retail partners and ...
(Date:1/8/2016)... 8, 2016 NXTD ), a ... ® , a privately held leading direct seller of ... 5000 fastest-growing company announced that on December 31, ... million in Nxt-ID to develop a proprietary new wireless ... ® , a unique smart wallet that serves to ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/5/2016)... HILL, N.C. , Feb. 5, 2016  In ... key role for a host of launch activities including ... importance of this launch activity is especially high in ... specialists. Best Practices and the Role of ... will help companies focused on oncology therapies find better ...
(Date:2/4/2016)... - New FDA action date of July ... of July 22, 2016   --> ... 2016   - Lifitegrast has the potential to ... treatment of signs and symptoms of dry eye disease in adults ... the only product approved in the U.S. in the past decade indicated for the treatment ...
(Date:2/4/2016)... 2016  CytoSorbents Corporation (NASDAQ: CTSO ), ... CytoSorb® blood filter to treat deadly inflammation in ... announced that CEO Dr. Phillip Chan , ... Group,s 2016 Disruptive Growth & Healthcare Conference, providing ... Conference Presentation Details: Where: Convene Conference ...
(Date:2/4/2016)... -- Sinovac Biotech Ltd. ("Sinovac" or the "Company") (NASDAQ: ... in China , today announced that ... on February 4, 2016 a preliminary non-binding proposal letter, ... PKU V-Ming ( Shanghai ) Investment Holdings ... ( Shenzhen ) Fund Management Co., Ltd., ...
Breaking Biology Technology: