Navigation Links
Bone marrow mononuclear stem cells show no new gains in heart function says TIME study

MINNEAPOLIS, MN November 18, 2013 New data reported by the Cardiovascular Cell Therapy Research Network (CCTRN) at the 2013 Scientific Sessions of the American Heart Association in Dallas showed that the use of bone marrow mononuclear stem cells (BMCs) did not improve heart function significantly more at one year than at six months. While there was measurable decrease in the size of scar tissue at six and 12 months, stem cells administered as a part of the TIME (Transplantation In Myocardial Infarction Evaluation) study did not improve overall heart functionality. The results were presented by Jay Traverse, MD of the Minneapolis Heart Institute Foundation on Monday, Nov. 18.

"While there are no safety issues with BMC's, the resulting reduction in scar tissue (infarct size) at six months and at one year and the small improvement in left-ventricular function was no different than a placebo, suggesting that these types of stem cells would appear to be of low therapeutic efficacy, " stated Jay Traverse, MD, of the Minneapolis Heart Institute Foundation. "At this early stage of stem cell therapy research investigating viable post-heart attack strategies, our study and others suggest that we should look at other, more potent stem cells as a means to improving functionality following a heart attack." Traverse noted that this is one of the largest serial cardiac MRI studies examining the changes in left-ventricular function following a heart attack.

In this analysis, the administration of BMC's following moderate to large anterior STelevated myocardial infarction (STEMIs) was not associated with improved recovery of global and regional left ventricular (LV) function at one year compared to placebo. Levels of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) increased from baseline to six months but did not improve further between six months and one year in either the BMC or the placebo group. On average, infarct size decreased in the BMC and placebo groups between baseline and six months by 30% with a smaller reduction between six months and one year. The reduction in infarct size was accompanied by a similarly significant reduction in LV mass through one year. There were no differences in the reduction in infarct size and LV mass between the BMC and placebo groups at any time.

TIME, and a previous, related study (LateTIME), were carried out by the CCTRN, sponsored by the NIH's National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Both used autologous bone marrow mononuclear cells in randomized treatment of patients at different intervals following a heart attack. Together, TIME and Late TIME have shown that stem cell therapy is safe, but both studies noted a lack of effectiveness delivered by BMC therapy on left-ventricular function.

TIME was developed to examine the role of timing of cell delivery post-STEMI and enrolled 120 patients (avg. age 57) between July 2008 and February 2011; the participants all had moderate to severe reduction of their left ventricular ejection fraction (37%) and had undergone coronary stent placement as treatment for their heart attack. The participants were randomly assigned to stem cell delivery or placebo at three or seven days following their heart attack. Researchers utilized an automated method of processing and purifying the stem cells from the bone marrow of each volunteer to ensure that everyone received a uniform dose (150 million stem cells).


Contact: Steve Goodyear
Minneapolis Heart Institute Foundation

Related biology news :

1. Newly identified bone marrow stem cells reveal markers for ALS
2. Type 2 diabetes patients transplanted with own bone marrow stem cells reduces insulin use
3. Researchers discover brain cancer treatment using genetic material from bone marrow cells
4. Scientists find bone-marrow environment that helps produce infection-fighting T and B cells
5. Bone marrow cells used in bladder regeneration
6. Bone marrow stem cells do not improve short-term recovery after heart attack
7. Study results: Adult stem cells from bone marrow
8. Autologous bone marrow-derived mononuclear cell transplants can reduce diabetic amputations
9. Cell therapy using patients own bone marrow may present option for heart disease
10. Bone marrow transplant arrests symptoms in model of Rett syndrome
11. Salk scientists for the first time generate mini-kidney structures from human stem cells
Post Your Comments:
(Date:6/16/2016)... , June 16, 2016 ... size is expected to reach USD 1.83 billion ... Grand View Research, Inc. Technological proliferation and increasing ... applications are expected to drive the market growth. ... , The development of advanced multimodal ...
(Date:6/9/2016)... 9, 2016 Paris Police ... video security solution to ensure the safety of people and ... during the major tournament Teleste, an international technology ... services, announced today that its video security solution will be ... back up public safety across the country. The system roll-out ...
(Date:6/2/2016)... LONDON , June 2, 2016 ... has awarded the 44 million US Dollar project, ... Security Embossed Vehicle Plates including Personalization, Enrolment, and IT Infrastructure ... world leader in the production and implementation of Identity Management ... in January, however Decatur was selected ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:6/27/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Parallel 6 , the leading software as a service ... Virtual Patient Encounter CONSULT module which enables both audio and video telemedicine communication ... , Using the CONSULT module, patients and physicians can schedule a face to face ...
(Date:6/24/2016)...  Regular discussions on a range of subjects including policies, ... entities said Poloz. Speaking at a lecture to ... he pointed to the country,s inflation target, which is set ... "In certain areas there needs ... economic goals, why not sit down and address strategy together?" ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... ... 2016 , ... UAS LifeSciences, one of the leading manufacturers ... Probiotics, into Target stores nationwide. The company, which has been manufacturing high quality ... list of well-respected retailers. This list includes such fine stores as Whole Foods, ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... ... June 23, 2016 , ... ... (Yeast and Mold) microbial test has received AOAC Research Institute approval 061601. , ... tests introduced last year,” stated Bob Salter, Vice President of Regulatory and Industrial ...
Breaking Biology Technology: