Navigation Links
Body part by body part, Sumatran tigers are being sold into extinction

Washington Laws protecting the critically endangered Sumatran Tiger have failed to prevent tiger body parts being openly sold in Indonesia, according to a TRAFFIC report launched today.

Tiger body parts, including canine teeth, claws, skin pieces, whiskers and bones, were on sale in 10 percent of the 326 retail outlets surveyed during 2006 in 28 cities and towns across Sumatra. Outlets included goldsmiths, souvenir and traditional Chinese medicine shops, and shops selling antique and precious stones.

The survey conservatively estimates that 23 tigers were killed to supply the products seen, based on the number of canine teeth on sale.

This is down from an estimate of 52 killed per year in 19992002, said Julia Ng, program officer with TRAFFIC Southeast Asia and lead author on The Tiger Trade Revisited in Sumatra, Indonesia. Sadly, the decline in availability appears to be due to the dwindling number of tigers left in the wild.

All of TRAFFICs surveys have indicated that Medan, the capital of North Sumatra province, and Pancur Batu, a smaller town situated about nine miles away, are the main hubs for the trade of tiger parts.

Despite TRAFFIC providing authorities with details of traders involved it is not clear whether any serious enforcement action has been taken, apart from awareness-raising activities.

Because of poor enforcement the Sumatran tiger is slipping through our fingers, said Leigh Henry, program officer for TRAFFIC North America. There are only about 400 Sumatran tigers left and such a small population cant sustain this level of poaching. If enforcement and political will are not bolstered the Sumatran tiger will be wiped out just as the Javan and Bali tigers were.

The report recommends that resources and efforts should concentrate on effective enforcement to combat the trade by arresting dealers and suppliers. Trade hotspots should be continually monitored and all intelligence be passed to the enforcement authorities for action. Those found guilty of trading in tigers and other protected wildlife should be prosecuted to the full extent of the law.

We have to deal with the trade. Currently we are facing many other crucial problems which, unfortunately, are causing the decline of Sumatran tiger populations, explained Dr. Tonny Soehartono, director for biodiversity conservation, Ministry of Forestry of Republic of Indonesia. We have been struggling with the issues of land use changes, habitat fragmentation, humantiger conflicts and poverty in Sumatra. Land use changes and habitat fragmentation are driving the tiger closer to humans and thus creating humantiger conflicts.

As a recent show of commitment, the President of the Republic of Indonesia launched the Conservation Strategy and Action Plan of Sumatran Tiger 20072017 during the 2007 Climate Change Convention in Bali.

Sumatra's few remaining tigers are also under threat from rampant deforestation by the pulp and paper and palm oil industries. The combined threats of habitat loss and illegal tradeunless tackled immediatelywill be the death knell for Indonesian tigers.

The Sumatran tiger is already listed as Critically Endangered on IUCNs Red List of Threatened Species, the highest category of threat before extinction in the wild, said Jane Smart, head of IUCNs Species Program. We cannot afford to lose any more of these magnificent creatures.

As Indonesia currently chairs the ASEAN-Wildlife Enforcement Network, TRAFFIC National Coordinator Dr. Ani Mardiastuti suggested the country, Demonstrate leadership to other ASEAN countries by taking action against illegal trade, including in tiger parts.


Contact: Kathleen Sullivan
World Wildlife Fund

Related biology news :

1. After more than 100 years apart, webworms devastate New Zealand parsnips
2. Study says 2000 tigers possible in Thailand
3. Madagascars tortoises are crawling toward extinction, groups say
4. Recovering from a mass extinction
5. Fish farms drive wild salmon populations toward extinction
6. Stanford researchers say climate change will significantly increase impending bird extinctions
7. Scientists warn that species extinction could reduce productivity of plants on Earth by half
8. NAS Biodiversity and Extinction Meeting Dec. 7-8
9. Meteor no longer prime suspect in great extinction
10. Fossil record supports evidence of impending mass extinction
11. Research team says extraterrestrial impact to blame for Ice Age extinctions
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/9/2015)...  Synaptics Inc. (NASDAQ: SYNA ), the leading ... into the automotive market with a comprehensive and dedicated ... consumer electronics human interface innovation. Synaptics, industry-leading touch controllers, ... automotive industry and will be implemented in numerous locations ... , Japan , and ...
(Date:10/29/2015)... , Oct. 29, 2015 Daon, a global ... it has released a new version of its ... North America have already installed ... also includes a FIDO UAF certified server component ... preparing to activate FIDO features. These customers include some ...
(Date:10/27/2015)... 27, 2015 In the present market scenario, ... for various industry verticals such as banking, healthcare, defense, ... growing demand for secure & simplified access control and ... as hacking of bank accounts, misuse of users, , ... as PC,s, laptops, and smartphones are expected to provide ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... A ... Black Aerospace Professionals (OPBAP) has been formalized with the signing of a Memorandum ... met with OPBAP leaders Capt. Karl Minter and Capt. Albert Glenn Tuesday, November ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... ... November 24, 2015 , ... The United States Golf Association (USGA) ... USGA Green Section Award. Presented annually since 1961, the USGA Green Section Award recognizes ... with turfgrass. , Clarke, of Iselin, N.J., is an extension specialist of ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... Florida (PRWEB) , ... November 24, 2015 , ... ... biggest event of the year and one of the premier annual events for ... and ran from 8–11 November 2015, where ISPE hosted the largest number of ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... ... November 24, 2015 , ... The Academy of Model Aeronautics (AMA), ... MultiGP, also known as Multirotor Grand Prix, to represent the First–Person View (FPV) racing ... AMA members have embraced this type of racing and several new model aviation pilots ...
Breaking Biology Technology: