Navigation Links
Bitter-tasting nectar and floral odors optimize outcrossing for plants
Date:8/28/2008

This release is available in German.

Animals "personally" bring their gametes together seeking out sexual partners, mating, fertilizing, and reproducing. Plants, however, are sessile organisms and require the help of a third party, the pollinator, which can be a bird, mouse or insect that transport pollen to receptive stigmas frequently over large distances. The colors and shapes of flowers as well as their volatile signals and nectar attract and reward the pollinators for their efforts. But not all flower visitors are pollinators, as many come only to steal nectar without transporting pollen or eat flower parts. Scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology, Jena, have discovered that the chemistry of floral scents and nectar enforces good pollinator behavior and allows plants to optimize their ability to exchange gametes with each other. In a paper published in the latest issue of SCIENCE (August 29, 2008), the scientists report the results from field experiments with genetically modified wild tobacco plants that show that particular components of the floral fragrance attracted pollinators, while bitter-tasting and poisonous components of floral nectar enforced modest drinking behavior. Apart from sugars, the floral nectar of tobacco also contains nicotine, which is bitter and used to deter nectar thieves or herbivores. But given the right timing and dose, nicotine in the nectar and the attractant, benzyl acetone, released at night as part of the floral scent, ensure that the visits of pollinators such as hummingbirds and hawk moths optimize the tobacco plant's ability to exchange gametes and produce outcrossed seeds.

Prior to these field tests, the researchers showed that the amount of nicotine in the floral nectar of wild tobacco influenced pollination by the tobacco hornworm Manduca sexta and two hummingbird species [1]. T
'/>"/>

Contact: Ian T. Baldwin
baldwin@ice.mpg.de
49-175-180-4226
Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2 3 4

Related biology news :

1. Layered approach may yield stronger, more successful bone implants
2. Clever plants chat over their own network
3. Plants can be used to study how and why people respond differently to drugs
4. Book on weeds and invasive plants discusses how to manage them using ecological approaches
5. A greenhouse in order to study the impact of climate change on plants
6. Agent that triggers immune response in plants is uncovered
7. Scientists ramp up ability of poplar plants to disarm toxic pollutants
8. A new baseline of invasive plants in Isabela
9. Hungry microbes share out the carbon in the roots of plants
10. Scientists warn that species extinction could reduce productivity of plants on Earth by half
11. Cell transplants may improve severe urinary incontinence
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:10/16/2014)... -- NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: NXTD and ... focused on the growing mobile commerce market announces that ... Smart Wallet, at the 13 th annual Future ... conference on the intersection of technology and the economy. ... founder and publisher of the Strategic News Service™, the ...
(Date:10/15/2014)... The book ,Models of Life, is a non-traditional biophysics ... itself. The book is a journey of discovery into ... of life and biological regulation. It is about how ... strategic communication between the billions of cells in an ... the relationships between principles, which can be found on ...
(Date:10/15/2014)... have linked increased resistance to bacterial pneumonia in female ... hormone estrogen. , Females are naturally more resistant to ... scientists has shown that increased resistance to bacterial pneumonia ... oxide synthase 3 (NOS3). They also show that this ... female sex hormone estrogen. , The team, lead by ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):NXT-ID Inc. to Present at 13th Annual FiRe Conference 2NXT-ID Inc. to Present at 13th Annual FiRe Conference 3New book about life as seen from physics 2
... Canadell, from the Global Carbon Project and CSIRO Marine and ... deforestation releases 1.5 billion tonnes of carbon each year into ... nearly 20 per cent of carbon emissions due to human ... to 130 billion tonnes of carbon by 2100, which is ...
... you’re grazing normally on algae in the rocky intertidal zone ... infected by a parasite. But the better news is, according ... you might have more to eat if plenty of your ... Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Early Edition ( ...
... rapid genetic adaptations in the nematode Acrobeloides nanus. ... lay more eggs under polluted conditions than the ... demonstrated this in her study into the long-term ... , Environmental pollution is an important cause of ...
Cached Biology News:Confirmed -- deforestation plays critical climate change role 2Parasites' impact goes beyond host to affect ecosystem 2Parasites' impact goes beyond host to affect ecosystem 3Asexual worm quickly adapts to soil contamination 2
(Date:10/20/2014)... ON , Oct. 20, 2014 /PRNewswire/ - BIOREM Inc. (TSXV: ... $1.7 million which brings Q3 orders to $5.8 million and provides ... control projects in North America and one ... continue to bid new projects at record levels," said Peter ... were higher at the end of Q3 than they have been ...
(Date:10/20/2014)... -- PureTech , a science and technology ... announced today the closing of a $55 million ... Perpetual, a $120 Billion group of funds. The ... pipeline forward and to advance new healthcare related ... to really go for the big ideas that ...
(Date:10/20/2014)... 20, 2014 Local veterinary surgeon, Dr. ... investigational study of donor stem cells for dogs with ... therapy and has performed clinical stem cell therapy for ... to determine if a single injection of donor stem ... help reduce pain and inflammation in the treated joints. ...
(Date:10/19/2014)... 2014 NextCODE Health, which enables clinicians and researchers ... time, today announced the launch of its new genomic data ... the American Society of Human Genetics (ASHG) annual meeting in ... up and apply for free beta access, visit www.nextcode.com ... can be viewed here . The Exchange: ...
Breaking Biology Technology:PureTech Announces Expansion with Oversubscribed $55M Funding Round 2PureTech Announces Expansion with Oversubscribed $55M Funding Round 3PureTech Announces Expansion with Oversubscribed $55M Funding Round 4PureTech Announces Expansion with Oversubscribed $55M Funding Round 5PureTech Announces Expansion with Oversubscribed $55M Funding Round 6Cascade Veterinary Referral Center Seeks Candidates for an Investigational Study of Stem Cells for Dogs with Arthritis 2The NextCODE Exchange: The first global, real-time system for sharing full-resolution genomic data 2The NextCODE Exchange: The first global, real-time system for sharing full-resolution genomic data 3
... up nearly 23% of fund raising goal for Central ... Company,(NYSE: LLY ) President and Chief Executive Officer ... United Way of Central Indiana for,its and other United ... of Lilly employees and retirees across the,United States with ...
... 13 Palatin Technologies,Inc. (Amex: PTN ) will ... Monday, November 17, 2008 before the open of the ... conference call and live audio webcast,hosted by Palatin,s executive ... discuss the results of operations in greater detail and ...
... 13 , - Announce Winners of ... Elsevier, the world,s leading research publisher of ... Institutions announced,today winners of the first annual ... to recognize outstanding young scientists and researchers,in ...
Cached Biology Technology:Lilly Contributes $11.1 Million to United Way Annual Campaign 2Palatin Technologies to Report Fiscal Year 2009 First Quarter Results; Conference Call and Webcast on November 17, 2008 2Elsevier and the Association of Southeast Asian Institutions 2Elsevier and the Association of Southeast Asian Institutions 3Elsevier and the Association of Southeast Asian Institutions 4