Navigation Links
Biofuel chemistry more complex than petroleum, say Sandia and Lawrence Livermore researchers
Date:5/12/2010

LIVERMORE, Calif. Understanding the key elements of biofuel combustion is an important step toward insightful selection of next-generation alternative fuels.

And that's exactly what researchers at Sandia and Lawrence Livermore national laboratories are doing.

The journal Angewandte Chemie devotes its May 10 cover to a paper co-authored by Sandia's Nils Hansen and Lawrence Livermore's Charles Westbrook, which examines the essential elements of biofuel combustion.

The paper, "Biofuel combustion chemistry: from ethanol to biodiesel," examines the combustion chemistry of compounds that constitute typical biofuels, including alcohols, ethers and esters.

Biofuels, such as ethanol, biobutanol and biodiesel, are of increasing interest as alternatives to petroleum-based transportation fuels. According to Hansen and Westbrook, however, little research has been done on the vastly diverse and complex chemical reaction networks of biofuel combustion.

In general, the term biofuel is associated with only a few select chemical compounds, especially ethanol (used exclusively as a gasoline replacement in spark-ignition engines) and very large methyl esters in biodiesel (used as a diesel fuel replacement in diesel engines). The biofuels are oxygenated fuels, which distinguishes them from hydrocarbons in conventional petroleum-based fuels.

While much discussion surrounding biofuels has emphasized the process to make these alternative fuels and fuel additives, Hansen and Westbrook are the first to examine the characteristic aspects of the chemical pathways in the combustion of potential biofuels.

In collaboration with an international research team representing Germany, China and the U.S., Westbrook, Hansen and former Sandia post-doctoral student Tina Kasper used a combination of laser spectroscopy, mass spectrometry and flame chemistry modeling to explore the decomposition and oxidation mechanisms of certain bi
'/>"/>

Contact: Mike Janes
mejanes@sandia.gov
925-294-2447
DOE/Sandia National Laboratories
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Study paves way for new biofuels models, technologies
2. NC State wins ARPA-E grant to study extremophile production of biofuels
3. Sustainable biofuels from forests, grasslands and rangelands
4. State biofuel subsidies costly but effective, MSU research shows
5. Pressure-cooking algae into a better biofuel
6. Production of biofuels could benefit by controlling the types of cells that develop in plants
7. Berkeley Lab to build DOE advanced biofuels user facility
8. Second plant pathway could improve nutrition, biofuel production
9. Sugar-hungry yeast to boost biofuel production
10. First parasitic nematodes reported in biofuel crops
11. AgriLife scientists do groundwork for genetic mapping of algae biofuel species
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/21/2015)... 21, 2015 The Sync Project™ , ... for health, today announced a collaborative partnership with ... will center on collaboration on original research, joint course ... in the collaboration, The Sync Project and BerkleeICE are ... Medicine" in the 2015-2016 academic year.  ...
(Date:5/19/2015)... Research and Markets ( ... the  "Genetic Testing Market Outlook 2018"  report ... ,A recent report, Genetic Testing Market Outlook ... current and future genetic testing market. A ... principles and types are covered in this ...
(Date:5/11/2015)... DAYTON, Ohio , May 11, 2015  Through a ... Ohio had a strong showing at AUVSI,s ... . These representatives of Ohio,s UAS ... domestic and abroad from all points along the UAS ecosystem. ... Dayton Development Coalition,s (DDC) Vice President for Aerospace Rich ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):The Sync Project Announces Partnership with Berklee College of Music's Institute for Creative Entrepreneurship 2The Sync Project Announces Partnership with Berklee College of Music's Institute for Creative Entrepreneurship 3Global Genetic Testing Market Outlook 2018 2Ohio Flies High at Unmanned '15, Sets Stage for Ohio UAS Conference 2
... and ecological sustainability of biofuels and the impact of ... America will take place on Friday, Dec. 5, in ... Neotropical Forests: Trends, Implications and Emerging Alternatives, is sponsored ... the Program in Native Species Reforestation, both joint programs ...
... Associated Professor, DSc Barbara Ann Halkier, Department of ... Life Sciences, University of Copenhagen, has been granted ... award for her excellent research into secondary metabolites, ... plants. In particular, her research has focused ...
... Company Experiences Record Revenue Growth from Operations in Third Quarter , ... bioMETRX, Inc. (OTC Bulletin Board: BMRX), a leading developer of consumer-based ... ending September 30, 2008. , , ... 430% increase over second quarter revenues of $100,000. , ...
Cached Biology News:Conference to explore sustainability of biofuels 2The Danisco Award 2008 goes to D.Sc. Barbara Ann Halkier from Faculty of Life Sciences, Copenhagen 2bioMETRX, Inc. Highlights 3rd Quarter 2008 Financial Results 2
(Date:5/28/2015)... Cambridge, MA (PRWEB) May 28, 2015 ... provider located in Basel, Switzerland, and the ... (ACRES), a Cambridge, Massachusetts-based non-profit organization operating ... building a global system to enhance quality, ... product development and health research, are pleased ...
(Date:5/27/2015)... May 26, 2015 Research and Markets( ... "Global Breast Cancer Monoclonal Antibodies Market Outlook ... Globally, Roche seems to dominate the breast cancer ... block buster molecule, Herceptin has been able to ... found that breast cancer cells become recalcitrant and ...
(Date:5/27/2015)... , May 27, 2015  Tikcro Technologies Ltd. (OTCQB: ... March 31, 2015. Aviv Boim ... continued pre-clinical work to generate functional specific antibodies, targeting ... stage, we are encouraged by the development progress. We ... new antibodies which modulate immune checkpoints gain clinical acceptance ...
(Date:5/27/2015)... -- Northwest Biotherapeutics, Inc. (NASDAQ: NWBO ) ("NW Bio"), ... cancer, announced today that Dr. Marnix L. Bosch ... making an Industry Expert Theater Presentation at the 2015 ... on Saturday, May 30, 2015, from 3 to 4 ... Place. Dr. Bosch will provide an overview ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Clinerion and ACRES Partner on Patient Recruitment and Risk-Based Quality Management 2Clinerion and ACRES Partner on Patient Recruitment and Risk-Based Quality Management 3Global Breast Cancer Monoclonal Antibodies Market Outlook 2020 2Global Breast Cancer Monoclonal Antibodies Market Outlook 2020 3Tikcro Technologies Reports First Quarter 2015 Results 2Tikcro Technologies Reports First Quarter 2015 Results 3NW Bio To Present Overview Of DCVax-Direct Phase I Trial In Chicago This Weekend 2NW Bio To Present Overview Of DCVax-Direct Phase I Trial In Chicago This Weekend 3
... ReportsnReports announces it will carry , , Daptomycin ... Browse the complete , , Daptomycin - Comprehensive patent,search ... Market Research,Reports Browse All ... Eliminate unnecessary risk with the industry benchmark in,comprehensive patent information. ...
... nation,s long-term clean-energy future, but the technology has come ... Fukushima disaster. Indeed, many nations have called for checks ... safely. In the United States, about 20 ... the electricity from emission-free sources, including renewable technologies and ...
... Cebix Incorporated announced today that preclinical data for ... demonstrated a half-life of three days as compared to ... in nerve conduction velocity, a measure of the rate ... an animal model of diabetic peripheral neuropathy. Additionally, clinical ...
Cached Biology Technology:ReportsnReports - Daptomycin - Comprehensive Patent Search 2ReportsnReports - Daptomycin - Comprehensive Patent Search 3ReportsnReports - Daptomycin - Comprehensive Patent Search 4ReportsnReports - Daptomycin - Comprehensive Patent Search 5Berkeley scientists pioneer nanoscale nuclear materials testing capability 2Cebix's Long-Acting C-Peptide Ersatta™ has Potential in Multiple Chronic Complications of Diabetes 2Cebix's Long-Acting C-Peptide Ersatta™ has Potential in Multiple Chronic Complications of Diabetes 3
Buffer used for mitocapture assays....
... GFX Purification Kit, 25 purifications. ... cDNA probesProvides efficient removal of unincorporated ... reactions with superior yields of labeled ... purification of cDNA labeled by either ...
Propidium Iodide: {3,8-diamino-5-[3-(diethylmethylammonio)propyl]-6-phenylphenanthridinium diodide}. Antifade Solution: p-Phenylenediamine and glycerol in PBS solution. 2.5ug/mL Propidium Iodide (PI)...
Detects activated caspases in living cells. Simple/sensitive/straight-forward procedure takes only 30 minutes. Results can be analyzed by flow cytometry/fluorescence microscopy/fluorescence plate rea...
Biology Products: