Previous studies have shown that in higher organisms between 5 to 10 percent of genes in the genome are controlled by the bioclock, compared to 100 percent of genes in the cyanobacteria. In the case of the higher organisms, the bioclocks control is likely to be local rather than the global situation in cyanobacteria.
With a circular chromosome (as in cyanobacteria), twisting it at any point affects the entire molecule. When you twist a linear chromosome at a certain point, however, the effect only extends for a limited distance in either direction because the ends are not connected. That fits neatly with the idea that the bioclocks influence on linear chromosomes is limited to certain specific regions, regions where the specific genes that it regulates are located.
|Contact: David F. Salisbury|