Navigation Links
Biochemistry of how plants resist insect attack determined
Date:11/15/2010

Many plants, including crops, release volatiles in response to insect attack. The chemical compounds can be a defense or can be an aromatic call for help to attract enemies of the attacking insect. Researchers from Virginia Tech, Michigan State University, and Georg-August-University Gttingen have discovered how plants produce the defensive compounds.

The research is reported this week in the online early edition of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. The article, "Herbivore-induced and floral homoterpene volatiles are biosynthesized by a single P450 enzyme (CYP82G1) in Arabidopsis," is by Sungbeom Lee, postdoctoral associate in biological sciences; Somayesadat Badieyan, Ph.D. student in biological systems engineering; and David R. Bevan, associate professor of biochemistry, all at Virginia Tech; Marco Herde, postdoctoral associate with the Michigan State University, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology; Christiane Gatz, professor and head of the Albrecht-von-Haller-Institute for Plant Sciences at Georg-August-University Gttingen, Germany, and Dorothea Tholl, assistant professor of biological sciences at Virginia Tech.

To gain detailed insight into volatile defense metabolism and its regulation in plant tissues, the researchers focused on the formation of two common volatile compounds, or homoterpenes -- DMNT (4,8-dimethylnona-1,3,7-triene) and TMTT (4,8,12-trimethyltrideca-1,3,7,11-tetraene). They discovered that formation of both compounds is initiated by the same P450 enzyme belonging to a family of enzymes that initiates oxidation of organic compounds in most plants, animals, and bacteria. In plants, the enzyme is specifically activated by insect attack.

" We are excited to finally have elucidated the biosynthesis of these common plant volatiles. The discovered P450 protein was a long-missing enzymatic link in the formation of homoterpenes," said Tholl.

Lee and colleagues created a model using mammalian forms of P450 to study the catalytic specificity of the plant enzyme in greater detail. "The approach supports future efforts to fully understand and optimize the enzymatic reaction," said Tholl. "A primary aim of the study is to engineer the discovered enzymatic pathway in important crop plants to improve their natural pest controls."

"This work illustrates the power of combining computational model-building with experimental methods in elucidating important biochemical activities," said Bevan. "Our detailed understanding of the biology underlying the production of these plant volatiles will now enable us to apply our new knowledge in agriculture in novel ways."

"We now are in the position to use this and previously identified genes of the biosynthetic pathway as tools to change volatile profiles in plants," said Tholl. "This approach can help us to design insect-induced volatile mixtures that are especially attractive to natural enemies used in biological pest control."

Another intriguing aspect of homoterpene volatiles is that they can elicit defensive responses in unattacked neighboring plants. "It may therefore be possible to exploit these signaling activities by priming defenses in crop fields prior to insect attack via specific transgenic 'emitter' plants," Tholl said.


'/>"/>

Contact: Susan Trulove
strulove@vt.edu
540-231-5646
Virginia Tech
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Biochemistry of human physiology in health and disease is focus of updated clinical text
2. Phytoplankton cell membranes challenge fundamentals of biochemistry
3. ASBMB Annual Meeting to feature talks on the biochemistry of aging
4. Springer partners with the American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
5. NSF grant will develop new online hub for biochemistry, molecular biology educators
6. American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology honors 11 outstanding scientists
7. American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology reacts to stem-cell ruling
8. The GW Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology to host Nobel Laureate Dr. Ferid Murad
9. Commercial aquatic plants offer cost-effective method for treating wastewater
10. UC Riverside biochemists devise method for bypassing aluminum toxicity effects in plants
11. Reproducing early and often is the key to rapid evolution in plants
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/2/2016)... VIEW, Calif. , Feb. 2, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... retinopathy market, Frost & Sullivan recognizes US-based Intelligent ... America Frost & Sullivan Award for New Product ... provider in North America , ... in the rapidly growing diabetic retinopathy market. The ...
(Date:1/27/2016)...  Rite Track, Inc. a leading semiconductor equipment and ... Ohio announced today the acquisition of PLUS LLC. ... Austin, Texas , will significantly bolster ... installations and technical support offerings for TEL Track Systems. ... "PLUS has provided world class service including refurbishment, enhancements ...
(Date:1/21/2016)... 21, 2016 --> ... market research report "Emotion Detection and Recognition Market by Technology ... (Facial Expression, Voice Recognition and Others), Services, Application ... to 2020", published by MarketsandMarkets, the global Emotion ... USD 22.65 Billion by 2020, at a CAGR ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/12/2016)... , February 12, 2016 ... Efforts by Enabling Scientific Understanding of Complex Diseases ... Rare Diseases --> ... diagnostics in South Asia and a leading provider of ... contribute $10 million to the GenomeAsia 100K consortium ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... , Feb. 11, 2016  Bioethics International, a not-for-profit ... are researched, developed, marketed and made accessible to patients around ... Open had named the publication of the Good ... The publication is also featured as one of BMJ ... the last year that are most frequently read. ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... February 11, 2016 ... or "Company") (OTCQB: PSID), a life sciences company ... its Thermomedics subsidiary, which markets the Caregiver® FDA-cleared ... plan in January 2016, including entering into agreements ... monthly sales growth, and establishing several near-term pipeline ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... , Febr. 10, 2016 /PRNewswire/ - BioAmber Inc. (NYSE: ... to announce that Mitsui & Co. Ltd., its partner ... acid plant, is investing an additional CDN$25 million in ... its stake from 30% to 40%.  Mitsui will also ... acid produced in Sarnia , providing ...
Breaking Biology Technology: