Navigation Links
Binghamton University researchers investigate evolving malaria resistance
Date:8/30/2007

Funded by a $1.5 million grant from the National Institutes of Health, scientists at Binghamton University, State University of New York, hope to understand how the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum evolved resistance to the once-effective medication chloroquine.

Malaria is responsible for 1-3 million deaths a year, most of whom are children under 5 in sub-Saharan Africa, said J. Koji Lum, associate professor of anthropology and biological sciences, principal investigator for the grant. This is equivalent to the death toll from the attacks of 9/11 every eight to 24 hours.

Lum and Ralph Garruto, professor of biomedical anthropology and a co-investigator on the grant, together have about 11,000 archived human blood samples from malarious regions of the Pacific collected from the 1950s to the present. The samples will be analyzed and researchers will document the accumulation of genetic changes that resulted in chloroquines treatment failure in the Pacific.

Malaria is relatively easy to eliminate in places that have a good health-care infrastructure. In the developing world, particularly in the tropics, the disease is treated primarily through chemotherapy, Lum said.

The problem is that parasites develop resistance to the drugs over time. This study will help scientists understand how malaria parasites evolved resistance to chloroquine. They also hope to learn lessons that may be relevant to current treatments and their interactions with the disease. Ultimately, a better understanding of past episodes of drug resistance evolution will help doctors get the maximum possible impact from newer drugs.

Other studies have had to rely on theoretical modeling of resistant parasites to infer how they evolved. Lum and Garruto expect to be able to directly observe the accumulation of the nine mutations in the transporter gene that confer resistance to chloroquine. Theyll study parasites collected during the past 50 years and stored in the freezers of the NIH-BU Biomedical Anthropology archive.

This funding will allow us to do a little bit of time traveling, Lum said.

Lum considers malaria the most important infectious disease in human history. It continues to exact a devastating toll, in part because the resulting loss of education, work and young lives creates a cycle that makes it nearly impossible for nations to rise from poverty.

To eliminate malaria, countries must treat their entire populations, even asymptomatic adults. But theres rarely enough money and medicine for developing nations to do that, Lum explained. Doctors focus their energies on the young, people who are clearly ill. Adults who have developed some level of immunity to malaria end up as reservoirs for parasites, continuing to spread the illness without ever feeling sick.


'/>"/>
Contact: Gail Glover
gglover@binghamton.edu
607-777-2174
Binghamton University
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. University of Manchester makes made-to-measure skin and bones a reality using inkjet printers
2. New protein discovered by Hebrew University researchers
3. Next Generation Body Scanner Launched By The University Of Manchester
4. Roundup®highly lethal to amphibians, finds University of Pittsburgh researcher
5. Green catalyst destroys pesticides and munitions toxins, finds Carnegie Mellon University
6. University of Nevada, Reno research team discovers hormone that causes malaria mosquito to urinate
7. Carnegie Mellon University research reveals how cells process large genes
8. University of Delaware researchers develop cancer nanobomb
9. University of Arizona plant scientists to unravel maize genome
10. Team led by Carnegie Mellon University scientist finds first evidence of a living memory trace
11. University of Utah to help build bionic arm
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:8/6/2019)... ... August 05, 2019 , ... Keck Graduate Institute (KGI) President Sheldon ... and Health Sciences (SPHS). , “Dean Zdanowicz is highly regarded as an innovative leader ... Widergren. “He is a great choice to build on the success of the KGI ...
(Date:8/1/2019)... (PRWEB) , ... August 01, 2019 , ... The GENSPEED ... point of care. It is fully developed with over 100 units deployed in ... into new fields of use, our collaboration with axiVEND will give us a foothold ...
(Date:8/1/2019)... SANTA BARBARA, Calif. (PRWEB) , ... August 01, 2019 , ... ... Device Identification Services and Solutions , will deliver a detailed webinar addressing challenges with ... recognized expert in the area of UDI and has held a variety of positions ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:8/6/2019)... ... August 06, 2019 , ... ... Edwardsville for the launch of a community project that will engage middle and ... supports the project, entitled “A Youth-Led Citizen Science Network for Community Environmental Assessment.” ...
(Date:7/23/2019)... ... July 22, 2019 , ... While ... services in the fields of 3D tissue imaging , digital pathology ... initially started back in 2013 as a products company. These products are focused ...
(Date:7/17/2019)... ... July 16, 2019 , ... Catalent ... of Zolgensma® (onasemnogene abeparvovec-xioi), an AveXis gene therapy treatment for spinal muscular ... dedicated manufacturing space at the new, state-of-the-art commercial manufacturing center near Baltimore-Washington ...
(Date:7/9/2019)... ... 2019 , ... Balluff has been named a 2019 “Best ... Innovative Product of the Year which highlights cutting-edge advancements and achievements that are ... & Conference 2019, held this week in San Jose, California. , Utilizing ...
Breaking Biology Technology: