Navigation Links
Berkeley Lab scientists help define the healthy human microbiome
Date:6/13/2012

You're outnumbered. There are ten times as many microbial cells in you as there are your own cells.

The human microbiomeas scientists call the communities of microorganisms that inhabit your skin, mouth, gut, and other parts of your body by the trillionsplays a fundamental role in keeping you healthy. These communities are also thought to cause disease when they're perturbed. But our microbiome's exact function, good and bad, is poorly understood. That could change.

A National Institutes of Health (NIH)-organized consortium that includes scientists from the U.S. Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) has for the first time mapped the normal microbial make-up of healthy humans.

The research will help scientists understand how our microbiome carries out vital tasks such as supporting our immune system and helping us digest food. It'll also shed light on our microbiome's role in diseases such as ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease, and psoriasis, to name a few.

In several scientific reports published June 14 in Nature and in journals of the Public Library of Science, about 200 members of the Human Microbiome Project (HMP) Consortium from nearly 80 research institutions report on five years of research.

Berkeley Lab's role in mapping the human microbiome revolves around big data, both analyzing it and making it available for scientists to use worldwide.

3.5 terabases of data

HMP researchers sampled 242 healthy U.S. volunteers (129 male, 113 female), collecting tissues from 15 body sites in men and 18 body sites in women. Researchers collected up to three samples from each volunteer at sites such as the mouth, nose, skin, and lower intestine. The microbial communities in each body site can be as different as the microbes in the Amazon Rainforest versus the Sahara Desert.

Researchers then purified all human and microbial DNA in more than 5,000 samples a
'/>"/>

Contact: Dan Krotz
dakrotz@lbl.gov
DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2 3 4

Related biology news :

1. Berkeley Lab scientists generate electricity from viruses
2. Consortium of scientists maps the human bodys bacterial ecosystem
3. Citizen scientists to document biodiversity with high-resolution imagery during summer solstice
4. Evaluation of microscopy techniques may help scientists to better understand ancient plants
5. Dont feel like exercise? Scientists find compound that may help you work out harder
6. Scientists identify mechanism for regulating plant oil production
7. NYBG scientists identify 81 new plant and fungus species
8. Scientists find that rain may not always be a welcome thing to waterbirds
9. Scientists discover huge phytoplankton bloom in ice-covered waters
10. Scientists identify first gene in programmed axon degeneration
11. UC Davis scientists find new role for P53 genetic mutation -- initiation of prostate cancer
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:8/27/2014)... a rare, but deadly disease that exists as five ... the most lethal strains is the Sudan ebolavirus (SUDV). ... has caused widespread illness, even as recently as 2012. ... ACS Chemical Biology , researchers now report a possible ... SUDV. , John Dye, Sachdev Sidhu, Jonathan Lai and ...
(Date:8/27/2014)... Thousands of fishing traps are lost or abandoned each ... as derelict traps, which continue to catch fish, crabs, ... in losses to habitat, fisheries, and the watermen who ... to a newly published NOAA study. , The report, ... the first of its kind to examine the derelict ...
(Date:8/27/2014)... can be weaned later with no negative effects on ... at the University,s Roseworthy campus, published in the journal ... for pig producers. It allows improvements in piglet health ... usually start their oestrous cycles again during lactation, only ... says Ms Alice Weaver, PhD candidate with the School ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Potential therapy for the Sudan strain of Ebola could help contain some future outbreaks 2NOAA's Marine Debris Program reports on the national issue of derelict fishing traps 2Piglet weaning age no bar to litter frequency 2
... This release is available in French . ... memories is essential to our daily existence and identity; enabling ... researchers at the Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital (The Neuro), ... an image for the first time of a mechanism, specifically ...
... The mystery of giant sperm present in some living ... In one group of micro-crustaceans new evidence shows the ... Renate Matzke-Karasz, from Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitt Munich (Germany), has ... the London Natural History Museum,s collections. Their research has ...
... Scavia and his colleagues say this year,s Gulf of Mexico ... continuing a decades-long trend that threatens the health of a ... for a Gulf dead zone of between 7,450 and 8,456 ... Most likely, this summer,s Gulf dead zone will blanket about ...
Cached Biology News:Scientists capture the first image of memories being made 2Size did matter 2U-M researcher and colleagues predict large 2009 Gulf of Mexico 'dead zone' 2U-M researcher and colleagues predict large 2009 Gulf of Mexico 'dead zone' 3
(Date:8/27/2014)... Aug. 27, 2014 Reportlinker.com announces ... available in its catalogue: Global ... http://www.reportlinker.com/p02316661/Global-Biodegradable-Packaging-Materials-Market-2014-2018.html About ... that are readily decomposed by the action ... non-degradable packaging in terms of raw materials, ...
(Date:8/27/2014)... Dallas, TX (PRWEB) August 27, 2014 ... professional and in-depth study on the current state of ... The report provides a basic overview of the industry, ... analysis and Chinese domestic market analysis are provided with ... of the market. A comparison between the international and ...
(Date:8/27/2014)... -- Lisa Kulik saw fireworks for the first time in ... a groundbreaking retinal implant co-invented by Mark Humayun ... University of Southern California (USC) Eye Institute. ... resident who has retinitis pigmentosa, a degenerative disease ... 2, she became the first person west of the ...
(Date:8/27/2014)... 27, 2014 Guggenheim Securities, the investment banking ... the hiring of veteran equity analyst Charles "Tony" Butler ... Butler will focus on the biotech/biopharma sector. ... of experience and a broad network of relationships in ... Director and Head of Equities at Guggenheim Securities. "His ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Global Biodegradable Packaging Materials Market 2014-2018 2Global Biodegradable Packaging Materials Market 2014-2018 3Global Biodegradable Packaging Materials Market 2014-2018 4Global Biodegradable Packaging Materials Market 2014-2018 5Global Biodegradable Packaging Materials Market 2014-2018 6Global Biodegradable Packaging Materials Market 2014-2018 7Trifluoroacetic Acid Industry (Asia, Europe, North America, ROW) Analysis Report Now Available at ReportsnReports.com 2USC Eye Institute ophthalmologists implant first FDA-approved Argus II retinal prosthesis in western United States 2USC Eye Institute ophthalmologists implant first FDA-approved Argus II retinal prosthesis in western United States 3USC Eye Institute ophthalmologists implant first FDA-approved Argus II retinal prosthesis in western United States 4USC Eye Institute ophthalmologists implant first FDA-approved Argus II retinal prosthesis in western United States 5Guggenheim Securities Hires Analyst Charles "Tony" Butler to Expand Healthcare Coverage 2
... PARIS, September 11 Novexel, a specialty pharmaceutical,company ... antibiotics,designed to overcome the significant global problem of ... subject of 16 posters and one slide,presentation at ... on,Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy (ICAAC). The ICAAC meeting, ...
... , SUNRISE, Fla., Sept. 10 Bioheart, Inc., ... devices and biologics that help monitor, diagnose and treat heart ... Vice President of R&D and Corporate development has been invited ... Baltimore, Maryland, this month. , , Ms. ...
... , HOUSTON, Sept. 10 ... with Beech Street Corporation, one of the nation,s largest preferred ... assist SpectraCell with the ever-increasing administrative needs that accompany healthcare ... , Beech Street addresses the various coverage obstacles ...
Cached Biology Technology:Novexel Presents 16 Posters and one Slide Presentation at the 49th Interscience Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy (ICAAC) Meeting in San Francisco 2Novexel Presents 16 Posters and one Slide Presentation at the 49th Interscience Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy (ICAAC) Meeting in San Francisco 3Novexel Presents 16 Posters and one Slide Presentation at the 49th Interscience Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy (ICAAC) Meeting in San Francisco 4Novexel Presents 16 Posters and one Slide Presentation at the 49th Interscience Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy (ICAAC) Meeting in San Francisco 5Bioheart Inc. to Participate in the 2009 World Stem Cell Summit on September 23rd 2Bioheart Inc. to Participate in the 2009 World Stem Cell Summit on September 23rd 3SpectraCell Contracts With Beech Street Corporation 2