Navigation Links
Beating blindness with vegetable oil

Scientists working at the Research Center on Aging at the Health and Social Services Centre University Institute of Geriatrics of Sherbrooke (CSSS-IUGS) have been studying strategies for protecting retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cells. Dysfunction of the RPE is found in retinopathy and age-related macular degeneration, which is the leading cause of blindness of elderly people in developed countries.

Findings published today in the Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology suggest that incubating retinal cells with vegetable oils induces biochemical and biophysical changes in the cell membrane, which may have a beneficial effect in preventing or slowing the development of retinopathy.

"Membrane fluidity, which refers to the viscosity of the lipid bi-layer of a cell membrane, is a marker of the cell function," explained Prof. A. Khalil, professor at the Universit de Sherbrooke and principal investigator of the study. "A decrease of membrane fluidity can affect the rotation and diffusion of proteins and other bio-molecules within the membrane, thereby affecting the functions of these molecules. Whereas, an increase in membrane fluidity makes for a more flexible membrane and facilitates the transmission of light through the eye."

The researchers discovered that vegetable oil fatty acids incorporate in retina cells and increase the plasma membrane fluidity. They concluded that a diet low in trans-unsaturated fats and rich in omega-3 fatty acids and olive oil may reduce the risk of retinopathy. In addition, the research suggests that replacing the neutral oil used in eye drops with oil that possesses valuable biological properties for the eye could also contribute to the prevention of retina diseases.


Contact: Jenny Ryan
Canadian Science Publishing (NRC Research Press)

Page: 1

Related biology news :

1. Beating famine: Sustainable food security through land regeneration in a changing climate
2. Embryonic blood vessels that make blood stem cells can also make beating heart muscles
3. Antioxidant shown to reduce blindness risk in extremely premature babies
4. Massachusetts Eye and Ear researchers discover elusive gene that causes a form of blindness from birth
5. New cause of child blindness identified
6. Singapore scientists find genes associated with glaucoma, a major cause of eye blindness
7. First in the world - Singapore scientists discover genes responsible for cornea blindness
8. Long-suspected cause of blindness from eye disease disproved
9. John Moores gives $2 million to Scripps Research to develop river blindness field test
10. Should we play hide-and-go-seek with our childrens vegetables?
11. Eat your vegetables! New book redefines how to raise healthy eaters
Post Your Comments:
(Date:10/4/2017)... a global clinical research organization (CRO), announces the launch of Shadow, ... 2017. Shadow is designed to assist medical writers and biometrics teams ... European Medicines Agency (EMA) in meeting the requirements for de-identifying clinical ... ... Tom ...
(Date:8/15/2017)... ivWatch LLC , a medical device company focused on improving the ... its ISO 13485 Certification, the global standard for medical device quality ... ... device for the early detection of IV infiltrations. ... "This is an important milestone for ivWatch, as it validates ...
(Date:6/30/2017)... Today, American Trucking Associations announced Seeing ... and eye tracking software, became the newest member ... "Artificial intelligence and advanced sensing algorithms ... driver,s attentiveness levels while on the road.  Drivers ... fatigue and prevent potential accidents, which could lead ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:10/10/2017)... ... ... Dr. Bob Harman, founder and CEO of VetStem Biopharma, Inc. ... event entitled “Stem Cells and Their Regenerative Powers,” was held on August 31st, ... was joined by two human doctors: Peter B. Hanson, M.D., Chief of Orthopedic Surgery, ...
(Date:10/10/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... October 10, 2017 , ... ... recipients of 13 prestigious awards honoring scientists who have made ... in a scheduled symposium during Pittcon 2018, the world’s leading conference and exposition ...
(Date:10/9/2017)... ... October 09, 2017 , ... The Giving ... marijuana products targeting the needs of consumers who are incorporating medical marijuana into ... in Phoenix, Arizona. , As operators of two successful Valley dispensaries, The Giving ...
(Date:10/7/2017)... , Oct. 6, 2017  The 2017 ... of three scientists, Jacques Dubochet, Joachim Frank ... developments in cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM) have ... within the structural biology community. The winners worked ... can now routinely produce highly resolved, three-dimensional images ...
Breaking Biology Technology: