Navigation Links
Battle scars found on an ancient sea monster
Date:5/4/2011

Scars on the jaw of a 120 million year old marine reptile suggest that life might not have been easy in the ancient polar oceans. The healed bite wounds were probably made by a member of the same species. Such injuries give important clues about the social behaviour of extinct sea creatures from the time of dinosaurs. The find is described in a forthcoming issue of Acta Palaeontologica Polonica.

Found in the remote desert near the town of Marree in northern South Australia, the fossilised skeleton belonged to an ichthyosaur, a dolphin-like marine reptile that lived during the 'Age of Dinosaurs'. Ichthyosaurs were fast swimming predators that fed on fish and squid-like animals. Adults would have been around six metres in length and had long-snouted heads with over 100 pointed, crocodile-like teeth.

When the ichthyosaur was alive, the Australian continent was still joined to Antarctica and would have been much further south than it is today close to the southern polar circle. What is now arid grassland was then the bottom of a vast inland sea that experienced freezing water temperatures and even seasonal icebergs.

The surprising discovery of well preserved bite marks on the bones of the ichthyosaur's lower jaw were made during painstaking cleaning and reassembly of its skeleton in the laboratory. Evidence of advanced healing indicates that the animal survived the attack and lived on for some time afterwards.

"Pathological traces on ancient fossilised bones and teeth give unique insights into the lives and social behaviours of extinct animals" says Benjamin Kear, one of the authors of the study and an Assistant Professor with the Palaeobiology Programme at Uppsala University. "Such finds have also rarely been reported in ichthyosaurs before".

The size and spacing of the tooth marks do match any potential predators or prey. Rather, they are most consistent with another adult ichthyosaur, suggesting that the wounds were inflicted during combat over food, mates or territory. Facial biting is a common social interaction observed in animals today and is often directed towards restraining the opponents jaws.


'/>"/>

Contact: Benjamin Kear
benjamin.kear@geo.uu.se
46-184-712-738
Uppsala University
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. New vitamin D-fortified food could battle widespread need for the sunshine vitamin
2. Whats coming next in the biochemical battle of the bulge?
3. Insect scientists battle invasive species in Hawaii
4. $40 million helps Cornell lead global battle against wheat pathogen that threatens food security
5. NIH funds center at Arizona State to battle infectious diseases
6. Divide and conquer: Genes decide who wins in the bodys battle against cancer
7. MSU researchers awarded $9.1 million grant to battle malaria in Malawi
8. Enlisting a drug discovery technique in the battle against global warming
9. Helpful yeast battles food-contaminating aflatoxin
10. A new ally in the battle against cocaine addiction
11. Stem cells battle for space
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/26/2016)... and LONDON , April ... part of EdgeVerve Systems, a product subsidiary of ... today announced a partnership to integrate the Onegini ...      (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20151104/283829LOGO ) ... their customers enhanced security to access and transact ...
(Date:4/14/2016)... , April 14, 2016 ... and Malware Detection, today announced the appointment of ... the new role. Goldwerger,s leadership appointment comes ... the heels of the deployment of its platform at ... behavioral biometric technology, which discerns unique cognitive and physiological ...
(Date:3/23/2016)... 2016 Einzigartige ... und Stimmerkennung mit Passwörtern     ... MESG ), ein führender Anbieter digitaler Kommunikationsdienste, ... SpeechPro zusammenarbeitet, um erstmals dessen Biometrietechnologie einzusetzen. ... Möglichkeit angeboten, im Rahmen mobiler Apps neben ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/2/2016)... Willoughby, Ohio (PRWEB) , ... May 02, 2016 ... ... website. Designed with its clients in mind, the fresh look and added functionality ... capabilities. , “Recent years have seen a dynamic shift in agriculture – from ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... , ... April 30, 2016 , ... The MIT bioLogic ... design, the bioLogic team explored how bacterial properties can be applied to fabric and ... Natto bacteria, which move in response to humidity change. The team harvested Natto cells ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... , April 29, 2016 ... Transparency Market Research "Separation Systems for Commercial Biotechnology ... Trends, and Forecast 2015 - 2023", the separation ... US$ 10,665.5 Mn in 2014 and is projected ... 2015 to 2023 to reach US$ 19,227.8 Mn ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... ... Intelligent Implant Systems announced today that the two-level components for the Revolution™ ... States. These components expand the capabilities of the system and allow Revolution™ to ... of 2015, the company has seen significant sales growth in 1Q 2016, and the ...
Breaking Biology Technology: