Navigation Links
'Basarab' surname may not indicate direct relation to Vlad the Impaler
Date:7/26/2012

WASHINGTONA study by the Genographic Project has shown that not all individuals carrying the Romanian "Basarab" surname, the first dynasty of Wallachian kings that included the real-life Dracula, can be direct biological descendants of the Basarab dynasty.

The Basarab dynasty ruled Wallachia, the historical and geographical southern region of present-day Romania, for almost three centuries (1330-1601) and had among its members Vlad III the Impaler, commonly known as Dracula. The ethnic origin of the Basarab family has long been a dispute among historians, with both an Indo-European/Romanian and an Asian Cuman/Turkic origin being suggested. Published today in the journal PLOS ONE, the research was led by Genographic Project Principal Investigator David Comas of the Genographic Project's Western/Central Europe regional center.

The study analyzed the Y-chromosome diversity of 29 Romanian individuals carrying the Basarab surname and compared it with the diversity found in about 150 Romanians from different regions of the country and some 330 individuals from surrounding populations of Ukraine, Hungary and Bulgaria. Different Y-chromosome lineages were found among the individuals that currently carry the name Basarab, which indicates that not all of them could be direct descendants of the Basarab dynasty. Extra-pair paternity could explain the existence of different male lineages, but the high genetic diversity found in the Basarab individuals indicates that Basarab is most likely a polyphyletic name, with multiple unrelated male founders.

"Patrilineal surnames are common in most European countries and are useful markers for male ancestry to answer questions related to the history and structure of human populations. The study of the Y chromosome in males with the Basarab surname is the first genetic analysis on the surname of a royal dynasty," said Comas.

All Y-chromosome lineages identified in modern-day Romanians bearing the Basarab name have typical Eastern-European haplotypes that were earlier found in both Romanians and Cumans, a population of Asian origin, rather than carrying eastern Asian haplogroups more specific for Cumans. "The present study shows that genetic haplogroup composition of the Basarab is very similar to that of the general Romanian population, and none of the haplogroups they carry is of Central or East Asia. However, these results cannot definitively distinguish between a Cuman or a Romanian origin for the Basarab dynasty, and only genetic analysis of ancient DNA from the actual remains of the Wallachian kings will be able to give a definitive answer," said Genographic Romanian collaborator Mihai Netea.

One certain conclusion, however, based on the relative heterogeneity of Y-chromosome lineages in modern Basarab from Romania, is that the Basarab dynasty was successful in spreading its name beyond the spread of their genes.

Genographic Project Director and National Geographic Explorer-in-Residence Dr. Spencer Wells noted that while the current study failed to find a recent common origin for all of the Basarab men, "There were telltale signs of related lineages among some of the men that suggested a close relationship that probably predated the establishment of the Basarab dynasty. It would certainly be interesting to extend the study of present-day populations to known Basarab remains to see if they belong to these lineages. Although we didn't identify Vlad the Impaler's Y-chromosome signature in this study, it might still be lurking in the dataset, waiting to be teased out with additional analyses."
'/>"/>

Contact: Colby Bishop
cbishop@ngs.org
202-828-8075
National Geographic Society
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Whats in a surname? New study explores what the evolution of names reveals about China
2. Intensive kidney dialysis indicates better survival rates than conventional dialysis
3. Study shows economic feasibility for capturing carbon dioxide directly from the air
4. First direct evidence that elemental fluorine occurs in nature
5. BiOptix announces expansion of Board of Directors
6. How bacteria change movement direction in response to oxygen: Molecular interactions unravelled
7. Direct transfer of plant genes from chloroplasts into the cell nucleus
8. Researchers call for a new direction in oil spill research
9. Nanopills release drugs directly from the inside of cells
10. Epigenetic signatures direct the repair potential of reprogrammed cells
11. Black brant geese show lifetime relationship good for goose and gander
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:11/22/2016)... 2016   MedNet Solutions , an innovative SaaS-based ... clinical research, is pleased to announce that the company ... Life Sciences Awards as "Most Outstanding in eClinical ... year of recognition and growth for MedNet, which has ... iMedNet ™ , MedNet,s flagship ...
(Date:11/17/2016)... Calif. , Nov. 17, 2016  AIC announces that it has just released ... in organizations that require high-performance scale-out plus high speed data transfer storage solutions. ... ... ... Setting up a high ...
(Date:11/14/2016)... Technology, Inc. ("xG" or the "Company") (Nasdaq: XGTI, XGTIW), ... in challenging operating environments, announced its results for the ... a conference call to discuss these results on November ... Key Recent Accomplishments ... acquire Vislink Communication Systems. The purchase is expected to ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:12/2/2016)... The immunohistochemistry (IHC) market is projected ... of 7.3% during the forecast period of 2016 to 2021 dominated ... accounted for the largest share of immunohistochemistry (IHC) market, by end ... , , ... market spread across 225 pages, profiling 10 companies and supported with ...
(Date:11/30/2016)... 30, 2016 The global Pyrogen ... hold a dominant share in the overall market. The ... Inc., and Merck KGaA, held a lion,s share of ... Research observes that these companies are expected to retain ... that are do not require rabbit pyrogen testing along ...
(Date:11/30/2016)... 30, 2016 /PRNewswire/ -  Equicare Health Inc ., the ... recognized as one of the top 100 companies in ... listing that distinguishes the top digital health companies across ... step forward this year continually upgrading our product with ... base and team," says Len Grenier , CEO ...
(Date:11/30/2016)... 2016 Part of 5m$ Investment in ... ... Aptuit, LLC today announced that it had successfully completed the ... compounds have increased the Screening Collection to over 400,000. The ... capabilities of the company. This expansion, complemented by new robotics ...
Breaking Biology Technology: