Navigation Links
Barrow scientist awarded $400,000 grant to study cell associated with intuition and autism
Date:9/10/2009

A scientist at Barrow Neurological Institute at St. Joseph's Hospital and Medical Center has been awarded a $400,000 grant from the James S. McDonnell Foundation to help study a rare cell type that is believed to play a role in quick decision making and intuition. Abnormalities in this cell type have been seen in people suffering from autism and dementia.

Throughout the next four years, researcher A.D. "Bud" Craig, PhD, and other scientists in Barrow's Atkinson Pain Laboratory will use the grant to collaborate with the California Institute of Technology in the study of Von Economo Neurons (VENs). VENs, first described in 1925, were initially thought to only be found in humans and great apes. However, recent research has shown the cells also are found in several types of whales and in elephants.

In humans the VENs emerge mainly after birth and increase in number until age four. Scientists have speculated that in autism the VENs fail to develop normally, and that this failure might be partially responsible for the associated social disabilities that plague victims of autism.

The grant monies will be used to study the insular cortex, where a concentration of VENs is located, across a range of species. Research to date suggests that the insular cortex might contain the neural basis for human awareness. Thus far, research shows that VENs have evolved independently in at least three species. Dr. Craig's research will address the anatomical organization of this region across species.

"There is a lot of speculation about the importance of this cell in human evolution and brain function," says Dr. Craig. "We hope to find clues to the emergence and role of VENS in the insular cortex.

Dr. Craig is internationally recognized for his research into sensory pathways and the role that certain neurons play in pain, temperature, itch, and other sensations related to the physiological condition of the body.


'/>"/>

Contact: Lynne Reaves
Lynne.Reaves@chw.edu
602-406-4734
St. Joseph's Hospital and Medical Center
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1

Related biology news :

1. Barrow scientists solve 200-year-old scientific debate involving visual illusions
2. UK scientists working to help cut ID theft
3. Scientists show that mitochondrial DNA variants are linked to risk factors for type 2 diabetes
4. Comet probes reveal evidence of origin of life, scientists claim
5. Scientists link fragile X tremor/ataxia syndrome to binding protein in RNA
6. Male elephants get photo IDs from scientists
7. Scientists retrace evolution with first atomic structure of an ancient protein
8. Muscle mass: Scientists identify novel mode of transcriptional regulation during myogenesis
9. Carnegie Mellon scientists develop nanogels that enable controlled delivery of carbohydrate drugs
10. Clemson scientists shed light on molecules in living cells
11. Scientists tackle mystery mountain illness
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/11/2017)... April 11, 2017 NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: ... company, announces the appointment of independent Directors Mr. Robin ... its Board of Directors, furthering the company,s corporate governance and ... Gino Pereira ... look forward to their guidance and benefiting from their considerable ...
(Date:4/5/2017)... 4, 2017 KEY FINDINGS The ... at a CAGR of 25.76% during the forecast period ... primary factor for the growth of the stem cell ... MARKET INSIGHTS The global stem cell market ... and geography. The stem cell market of the product ...
(Date:3/30/2017)... HONG KONG , March 30, 2017 ... developed a system for three-dimensional (3D) fingerprint identification by adopting ground ... technology into a new realm of speed and accuracy for use ... applications at an affordable cost. ... ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:6/19/2017)... , ... June 19, 2017 , ... ... for clinical development reported today that it is launching two new additions of ... will be demonstrating new capabilities at the DIA 2017 Annual Meeting in Chicago, ...
(Date:6/16/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Cognition Corporation , a software company ... of its “From the Helm” Webinar Series. , The next two free ... design control exercises. Led by David Cronin, Cognition’s CEO, the half-hour public webinars ...
(Date:6/15/2017)... ... 2017 , ... New resistant soybean and cotton cropping systems ... amaranth and other broadleaf weeds resistant to glyphosate. But scientists with the Weed ... known to drift and to cause harm to sensitive, off-target broadleaf plants. , ...
(Date:6/15/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... June 15, 2017 , ... ... Saranas, a promising new medical device startup. Dan Parsley, angelMD’s SVP of Corporate ... angelMD members, and this angelMD syndicate is part of Saranas’ recently announced $4 ...
Breaking Biology Technology: