Navigation Links
Bacterium signals plant to open up and let friends in
Date:6/13/2012

DURHAM, N.C. -- Researchers have identified the set of tools an infectious microbe uses to persuade a plant to open the windows and let the bug and all of its friends inside.

The microbe is Pseudomonas syringae, a successful bacterial pathogen that produces characteristic brown spots in more than 50 different species of plant. The signal it uses is a molecule called coronatine, which to the plant looks just like its own jasmonic acid, a signal that is part of the plant's immune system. The pathogen "hijacks" a system that balances the plant's two different defense strategies, said Xinnian Dong, a Duke professor of biology.

Plant pathogens have two basic strategies, Dong said. One approach kills cells and harvests what's left of them for food. The other is more like parasitism, setting up housekeeping in and around living cells and using what they provide. So the plant has two kinds of defenses. Against necrotrophs, the cell-killers, the plant produces jasmonic acid and does what it can to keep cells alive. Faced with biotrophs, the parasitic type, it tries to kill the infected cells. These responses work in opposition to one another and through cross-talk to keep the plant carefully calibrated, depending on the pathogens it encounters.

"Breaking the cross-talk between the systems would be a problem because the plant may respond the wrong way," said Dong, who is also a research fellow of the Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) and Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation (GBMF). "Pseudomonas is successful by hijacking a critical process in this cross-talk."

"It's all connected," said graduate student Xiao-yu Zheng, who worked on the project for four years. "That's the beauty of it." Zheng is the first author on an article appearing in the June 14 edition of Cell Host & Microbe. The research was supported by the National Science Foundation, the National Institutes of Health and the Department of Energy.


'/>"/>
Contact: Karl Leif Bates
karl.bates@duke.edu
919-681-8054
Duke University
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Virginia Tech and University of Tuscia lead team to unravel origin of devastating kiwifruit bacterium
2. Deterring signals: Tobacco plants advertise their defensive readiness to attacking leafhoppers
3. Evaluation of microscopy techniques may help scientists to better understand ancient plants
4. Scientists identify mechanism for regulating plant oil production
5. NYBG scientists identify 81 new plant and fungus species
6. How plants make cocaine
7. Parasitic plants steal genes from their hosts
8. Herbivores select on floral architecture in a South African bird-pollinated plant
9. Some factors that impact islet transplantation explored in Cell Transplantation papers
10. Some factors that impact islet transplantation explored in Cell Transplantation papers
11. New release of Web-based resource resolves confusion over plant names
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:7/11/2014)... the Department of Energy,s Oak Ridge National Laboratory ... R&D Magazine in recognition of the year,s top ... tremendous value of our National Labs," said Secretary ... the National Labs continues to help our nation ... and technological innovations necessary to remain globally competitive." ...
(Date:7/11/2014)... The University of Chicago is creating a new ... at the University,s Institute for Molecular Engineering and ... million donation from the Millicent and Eugene Bell ... will reside within the Institute for Molecular Engineering. ... research project at the MBL,s Eugene Bell Center ...
(Date:7/11/2014)... The Chinese University of Hong Kong, BGI and other ... to salt tolerance, with implication for improving this important ... online in Nature Communications provides an effective ... , Soybean is an important crop for the world. ... less genetic diversities than their wild counterparts. Among the ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):ORNL wins eight R&D 100s 2ORNL wins eight R&D 100s 3ORNL wins eight R&D 100s 4New professorship in tissue engineering links molecular engineering, marine biology 2BGI reports a novel gene for salt tolerance found in wild soybean 2
... the University of Leeds are developing methods of helping ... chemicals such as vinegar. , The harmful chromium ... from former textiles factories, smelters, and tanneries have been ... problems with the kidneys, liver, lungs and skin. , ...
... but researchers in China have discovered that chicken manure can ... in the International Journal of Environment and Pollution ... 50% more crude oil than soil lacking the guano. ... University, China, point out that contamination of soil by crude ...
... comes to solving complex problems, Geoffrey von Maltzahn, MIT ... solutions. Finding inspiration in systems that evolution has produced, ... society,s biggest challenges: improving tumor detection and therapeutic delivery ... patients. Today, the 28-year-old Ph.D. candidate in ...
Cached Biology News:Cleansing toxic waste -- with vinegar 2Fowl soil additive breaks down crude oil 2MIT student develops new innovations to selectively kill cancer cells 2MIT student develops new innovations to selectively kill cancer cells 3MIT student develops new innovations to selectively kill cancer cells 4
(Date:7/10/2014)... -- According to the International Atomic Energy Agency ... from terrorists acquiring sufficient quantities of plutonium or ... nuclear explosive device. The IAEA also notes that ... gram-level quantities, which can be challenging to detect ... new study appearing this week in the ...
(Date:7/10/2014)... 2014 Using microscopic polymer light resonators that ... at MIT,s Quantum Photonics Laboratory have developed new ... parts-per-billion range. Optical sensors are ideal for detecting ... ratio, compact, lightweight nature, and immunity to electromagnetic ... been developed before, the MIT team conceived an ...
(Date:7/10/2014)... of psychiatric disorders has been extremely challenging because there ... are insufficient to cause disease. Now investigators reporting in ... Cell Stem Cell describe a strategy that ... with other risk factors or environmental exposures to affect ... a genetic variant that may predispose individuals to schizophrenia. ...
(Date:7/10/2014)... batteries that power our laptops and electric vehicles could ... charge with the help of a sponge-like silicon material. ... the graphite traditionally used in one of the battery,s ... energy storage capacity of graphite. A paper describing the ... today in Nature Communications . , "Silicon has ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Sensitive detection method may help impede illicit nuclear trafficking 2Swell new sensors 2New strategy could uncover genes at the root of psychiatric illnesses 2Silicon sponge improves lithium-ion battery performance 2Silicon sponge improves lithium-ion battery performance 3
... adison, Wis. - Third Wave Technologies, Inc. ... a share, for the second quarter of 2006, but robust ... upward in a key market. , ,Third Wave, which develops ... that revenue rose by 15 percent for the quarter ended ...
... Madison, Wis. - A United States Air Force contract ... not only provide a Madison aerospace research and product development ... it to propel something much larger. , ,The U.S. ... Orbital Technologies Corp. (Orbitec) for the development of ...
... - Thanks to a classified contract from the ... company headquartered here, reported record revenues and earnings for ... the closing of its manufacturing facility in England. , ... of lower-than-expected earnings in the fourth quarter, which caused ...
Cached Biology Technology:Third Wave reports another loss, stronger sales 2Third Wave reports another loss, stronger sales 3Orbitec will use $25 million Air Force contract to make small launch vehicle 2Defense contract helps Plexus gain record profits 2
Mouse monoclonal [3G131] to Desmoglein 1 ( Abpromise for all tested applications). entrezGeneID: 1828 SwissProtID: Q02413...
Mouse monoclonal [2D7/1] to E.coli LPS ( Abpromise for all tested applications). Antigen: Tissue / cell preparation: Escherichia coli J5 cells....
COMING SOON: Anti-Mouse C5/C5b, Clone BB5.1. Monoclonal Antibody...
KAI 1 (G-2)...
Biology Products: