Navigation Links
Bacterial attack strategy uses special delivery of toxic proteins
Date:7/21/2011

When competing for food and resources, bacteria employ elaborate strategies to keep rival cells at bay. Scientists have now identified a pathway that allows disease-causing bacteria to attack other bacterial cells by breaking down their cell wall.

Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a type of bacteria readily found in everyday environments. It easily forms colonies in a wide variety of settings, including medical devices, body organs and skin wounds. This allows it to cause disease and act as a major pathogen, particularly in hospitals.

Research led by Joseph Mougous, assistant professor of microbiology at the University of Washington in Seattle, provides new insight into how P. aeruginosa acts as a master colonizer and maintains a competitive advantage over other bacteria. The study, which will be published in the July 21 issue of the journal Nature, describes how P. aeruginosa uses a specialized secretion system--the type VI secretion system--to deliver toxic proteins to recipient opponent bacteria. These proteins break down a structural protein known as peptoglycan, which the authors describe as "an Achilles heel of bacteria." Degrading this target in turn causes the breakdown of the protective cell wall of competitor bacteria. Furthermore, P. aeruginosa protects itself from this attack by using specific, strategically localized immunity proteins that counteract the effects of the toxic proteins it secretes.

This discovery not only sheds light on P. aeruginosa's pathogenic success, but is also interesting from an evolutionary perspective as it highlights the functional similarity between the bacterial type VI secretion system and viruses that infect bacteria, or bacteriophages.


'/>"/>

Contact: Nicole Garbarini
ngarbari@nsf.gov
703-292-8463
National Science Foundation
Source:Eurekalert  

Page: 1

Related biology news :

1. New contrast agents detect bacterial infections with high sensitivity and specificity
2. Trudeau Institute announces new discovery in battle against plague and bacterial pneumonias
3. Bacterial roundabouts determine cell shape
4. Innate immune system proteins attack bacteria by triggering bacterial suicide mechanisms
5. Understanding a bacterial immune system 1 step at a time
6. Could bacterial hitchhikers influence formation of new host species?
7. Bacterial genome may hold answers to mercury mystery
8. Bacterial wipes research study
9. Asthma tied to bacterial communities in the airway
10. New method attacks bacterial infections on contact lenses
11. 2 bacterial enzymes confer resistanceto common herbicide, say MU researchers
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Bacterial attack strategy uses special delivery of toxic proteins
(Date:2/2/2017)... JACKSONVILLE, Fla. , Feb. 2, 2017 /PRNewswire/ ... ), a clinical-stage immuno-oncology company specializing in the ... vaccines for the treatment of cancer and metastatic ... multi-gram scale-up and GMP manufacturing of a second ... T-cell vaccine targeting folate receptor alpha. The manufactured ...
(Date:2/2/2017)... , Feb. 1, 2017  Central to its ... meaningful advances worldwide, The Japan Prize Foundation today ... who have pushed the envelope in their respective ... Communication. Three scientists are being recognized with the ... that not only contribute to the advancement of ...
(Date:1/31/2017)... Jan. 31, 2017  Spero Therapeutics, LLC, a ... the treatment of bacterial infections, today announced it ... candidates from Pro Bono Bio Ltd (PBB) to ... multi-drug resistant forms of Gram-negative bacteria.   The assets ... Ltd, a PBB group company. "The ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/16/2017)... HACKENSACK, N.J. , Feb. 16, 2017  Champions ... engaged in the development and sale of advanced technology ... of oncology drugs, today announced the addition of new ... These new models will expand Champions, product ... cancer, head and neck cancer, AML, and non-small cell ...
(Date:2/16/2017)... and NEW YORK , Feb. 16, ... completion of their $7M Series B financing, adding an ... the $3.5M led by Mesa Verde Venture Partners and ... resources will be directed towards further accelerating commercial adoption ... comprehensive genomic profiling test and expanding the Paradigm cancer ...
(Date:2/15/2017)... , 15. Februar 2017  Trianni, Inc. ... Biotech, Inc. (Janssen) eine Lizenzvereinbarung über die Verwendung ... Klasse führenden Plattform für die Entdeckung monoklonaler Antikörper. ... ihr neuartiges chimäres Gensegmentdesign aus, das Janssen ... humanen Antikörpern bietet und das für die schelle ...
(Date:2/15/2017)... -- Windtree Therapeutics, Inc. (Nasdaq: WINT ), ... therapies for respiratory diseases, will host a conference call ... EST on Thursday, February 16, 2017 to provide updates ... announced closing of a $10.5 million private offering and ... in the live call and take part in the ...
Breaking Biology Technology: