Navigation Links
Bacteria tend leafcutter ants' gardens
Date:3/1/2012

leagues in Richland examined proteins, the workhorses of the cell that perform the tasks needed to keep organisms alive and well. They used mass spectrometers at EMSL, the Department of Energy's Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory at PNNL, to identify proteins in an A. colombica nest.

They found proteins that were involved a surprising number of different metabolic pathways, including:

  • Breaking down complex sugars that make plants tough and durable, but difficult to digest
  • Transporting sugars, allowing broken-down sugars to be used for energy
  • Making amino acids, the buildings blocks of proteins
  • Making vitamin B5, which is needed to both break down proteins, carbohydrates and fats and to make energy from nutrients

When compared to all other bacteria in Currie's large library of bacterial genes, very few just 0.2 to 0.6 percent of the garden bacteria were involved in breaking down cellulose. Instead, most of the garden bacteria were involved in breaking down simpler sugars, indicating that perhaps fungi initially breaks down cellulose and the bacteria then turn the partially digested sugars that result into a variety of nutrients that could promote the fungi's growth or even nourish the ants themselves.

"Our results show that calling these 'fungal gardens' is pretty misleading; 'fungus-bacterial communities' would be far more accurate," Burnum said. "Bacteria are not only integral residents of these communities, but they perform essential tasks that keep the communities and the ants that help cultivate them living."

Next, the team plans to analyze the fungi, lipids and various metabolic products found in the gardens.

This study's findings and future results could advance the work of scientists who are looking at fungal enzymes to make biofuel out of plants. The enzymes, or biological catalysts, of fungi are exceptionally talented at breaking down cellulose in plants, making them
'/>"/>

Contact: Franny White
franny.white@pnnl.gov
509-375-6904
DOE/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2 3 4

Related biology news :

1. Disinfectants can make bacteria resistant to treatment
2. H. Pylori bacteria may help prevent some esophageal cancers
3. Scientists discover bacteria that can cause bone infections
4. Waste from gut bacteria helps host control weight, UT Southwestern researchers report
5. Gene against bacterial attack unravelled
6. Predatory bacterial swarm uses rippling motion to reach prey
7. Bacteria manage perfume oil production from grass
8. Nature study demonstrates that bacterial clotting depends on clustering
9. Battling bacteria in the blood: Researchers tackle deadly infections
10. Shifts in soil bacterial populations linked to wetland restoration success
11. New bacteria discovered in raw milk
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:9/19/2014)... , Sept. 19, 2014 Nxt-ID, Inc. (Nasdaq: ... authentication company focused on the growing m-commerce market, updates the "Wocket ... champion in the lightweight and light middleweight weight classes, Vinny ... it was announced that Game of Thrones actor ... Married with Children star Katey Sagal have been ...
(Date:9/19/2014)... study shows that legume plants regulate their symbiotic ... that are transmitted through the plant structure from ... of bacteria-holding nodules in the roots. This collaborative ... Institute for Basic Biology, the Graduate University for ... Sustainable Resource Science in Japan. , Legumes, ...
(Date:9/18/2014)... have developed a unique method to use microbes buried ... areas. , The first microbe-powered, self-sustaining wastewater treatment ... to clean up waste from large farming operations and ... Professor Haluk Beyenal and graduate student Timothy Ewing in ... system in the online edition of Journal of ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):NXT-ID's Vinny Paz Celebrity Ad Wocket Update: Katey Sagal and Ciaran Hinds Attached to His Upcoming Movie 2NXT-ID's Vinny Paz Celebrity Ad Wocket Update: Katey Sagal and Ciaran Hinds Attached to His Upcoming Movie 3For legume plants, a new route from shoot to root 2Researchers develop unique waste cleanup for rural areas 2
... bank accounts, the nutrient cycles that influence the natural ... routine withdrawal is overlooked, balance sheets become inaccurate. Over ... and manage ecological systems. Recent research by the ... Ecosystem Studies (Millbrook, New York) has revealed an important, ...
... to recognise similarities in each other from a distance, without ... to new research published this week in the Journal of ... find each other and group together in order to perform ... This new study shows that genes ...
... which are so tiny that 30 can fit across the width ... among the key organisms taking the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide out ... heavy that when they die in the oceans they typically sink ... surface waters and locking it into sediments below. This week ...
Cached Biology News:When accounting for the global nitrogen budget, don't forget fish 2'Telepathic' genes recognize similarities in each other 2Ecologists, material scientists pursue genetics of diatom's elegant, etched casing 2Ecologists, material scientists pursue genetics of diatom's elegant, etched casing 3
(Date:9/19/2014)... Biotech companies make announcements illustrating ... systems and advanced Laboratory Instrumentation. Companies in focus today ... BDX ), Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc. (NYSE: ... RGDO ), Sangamo Biosciences Inc. (NASDAQ: SGMO ... BioSciences, Inc. (OTCQB: PBIO) ("PBI" or the "Company") today ...
(Date:9/19/2014)...  Nektar Therapeutics (NASDAQ: NKTR ) ... analgesic profiles of a series of the company,s ... The preclinical research candidates were created using Nektar,s ... The analgesic properties of kappa receptor agonism are ... Kappa opioid receptors are expressed in the peripheral ...
(Date:9/19/2014)... DIEGO , Sept. 19, 2014 Pfenex ... in the development of high-value and difficult to manufacture ... be presenting at the 21 st Annual NewsMakers ... York . Bertrand Liang , chief executive ... company,s development programs and business strategy on Friday, September ...
(Date:9/19/2014)... Florida , September 19, 2014 ... release latest developments, patents and results of studies and ... Eli Lilly and Company (NYSE: LLY ), ... Corporation (NASDAQ: CELG ) and Arena Pharmaceuticals ... a leader in developing prodrug therapeutics for the treatment ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Medical Instrumentation Automation Advances for Biological Sample Preparation - Company Expects Q4 Revenue Impact from Newest Instrument Systems 2Medical Instrumentation Automation Advances for Biological Sample Preparation - Company Expects Q4 Revenue Impact from Newest Instrument Systems 3Medical Instrumentation Automation Advances for Biological Sample Preparation - Company Expects Q4 Revenue Impact from Newest Instrument Systems 4Medical Instrumentation Automation Advances for Biological Sample Preparation - Company Expects Q4 Revenue Impact from Newest Instrument Systems 5Medical Instrumentation Automation Advances for Biological Sample Preparation - Company Expects Q4 Revenue Impact from Newest Instrument Systems 6Medical Instrumentation Automation Advances for Biological Sample Preparation - Company Expects Q4 Revenue Impact from Newest Instrument Systems 7Nektar Presents Positive Preclinical Data on Oral, Peripherally-Acting Kappa Agonist Molecules at 2014 American Academy of Pain Management Meeting 2Nektar Presents Positive Preclinical Data on Oral, Peripherally-Acting Kappa Agonist Molecules at 2014 American Academy of Pain Management Meeting 3Nektar Presents Positive Preclinical Data on Oral, Peripherally-Acting Kappa Agonist Molecules at 2014 American Academy of Pain Management Meeting 4Nektar Presents Positive Preclinical Data on Oral, Peripherally-Acting Kappa Agonist Molecules at 2014 American Academy of Pain Management Meeting 5Pfenex to Present at Upcoming Industry Conference on September 26 2Biotech Companies Pushing Sector Higher With Recent Therapeutic Advancements & Patent Approvals - Company Wins Summary Judgment For Prodrug Patent 2Biotech Companies Pushing Sector Higher With Recent Therapeutic Advancements & Patent Approvals - Company Wins Summary Judgment For Prodrug Patent 3Biotech Companies Pushing Sector Higher With Recent Therapeutic Advancements & Patent Approvals - Company Wins Summary Judgment For Prodrug Patent 4Biotech Companies Pushing Sector Higher With Recent Therapeutic Advancements & Patent Approvals - Company Wins Summary Judgment For Prodrug Patent 5Biotech Companies Pushing Sector Higher With Recent Therapeutic Advancements & Patent Approvals - Company Wins Summary Judgment For Prodrug Patent 6Biotech Companies Pushing Sector Higher With Recent Therapeutic Advancements & Patent Approvals - Company Wins Summary Judgment For Prodrug Patent 7
... invivodata, inc., ( http://www.invivodata.com ... reported outcomes (ePRO) solutions and services for ... of featured presentations at upcoming international events ... and its scientific and regulatory consulting division, ...
... a subsidiary of,Eisai Corporation of North America, today ... study of its MORAb-009 monoclonal antibody in,mesothelioma. The ... and cisplatinum, as a first-line treatment for patients ... objective of the study is to assess the ...
... Accera, Inc., a biotechnology company delivering breakthrough ... launched Axona(TM) in the United States for Alzheimer,s ... for the clinical dietary management of the metabolic ... it targets the metabolic deficiencies and imbalances associated ...
Cached Biology Technology:invivodata and PRO Consulting to Present at International Industry Events 2invivodata and PRO Consulting to Present at International Industry Events 3Morphotek(R), Inc. Announces Initiation of MORAb-009 Phase II Study in First- Line Treatment of Mesothelioma 2Morphotek(R), Inc. Announces Initiation of MORAb-009 Phase II Study in First- Line Treatment of Mesothelioma 3Video: Accera Launches Axona(TM), First Medical Food Therapy to Help Manage Mild-to-Moderate Alzheimer's Disease 2Video: Accera Launches Axona(TM), First Medical Food Therapy to Help Manage Mild-to-Moderate Alzheimer's Disease 3Video: Accera Launches Axona(TM), First Medical Food Therapy to Help Manage Mild-to-Moderate Alzheimer's Disease 4
...
... Protein, 1. Based on the methodology ... kit gives essentially colorless backgrounds in ... Protein provides convenient, reproducible and sensitive ... in less than two hours.The visualization ...
Mouse monoclonal [IFR0104] to Salmonella enteriditis ( Abpromise for all tested applications)....
Cyno macaque plasma and serum - various quantities available...
Biology Products: