Navigation Links
Bacteria on old-growth trees may help forests grow
Date:6/7/2011

A new study by Dr. Zo Lindo, a post-doctoral fellow in the Department of Biology at McGill University, and Jonathan Whiteley, a doctoral student in the same department, shows that large, ancient trees may be very important in helping forests grow.

These findings highlight the importance of maintaining the large old-growth trees in the coastal temperate rainforests that stretch from Southern Alaska to Northern California. Lindo's findings suggest that it is the interactions between old trees, mosses and cyanobacteria, which contribute to nutrient dynamics in a way that may actually sustain the long-term productivity of these forests.

"What we're doing is putting large old trees into a context where they're an integral part of what a forest is," says Dr. Lindo. "These large old trees are doing something: they're providing habitat for something that provides habitat for something else that's fertilizing the forest. It's like a domino effect; it's indirect but without the first step, without the trees, none of it could happen."

There are three players in this story: 1) large, old trees; 2) mosses that grow along their branches; and 3) a group of bacteria called cyanobacteria associated with the mosses. The cyanobacteria take nitrogen from the atmosphere and make it available to plantsa process called "nitrogen fixation" that very few organisms can do.

The growth and development of many forests is thought to be limited by the availability of nitrogen. Cyanobacteria in mosses on the ground were recently shown to supply nitrogen to the Boreal forest, but until now cyanobacteria have not been studied in coastal forests or in canopies (tree-tops). By collecting mosses on the forest floor and then at 15 and 30 metres up into the forest canopy, Lindo was able to show both that the cyanobacteria are more abundant in mosses high above the ground, and that they "fix" twice as much nitrogen as those associated with mosses on the forest floor.

Moss is the crucial element. The amount of nitrogen coming from the canopy depends on trees having mosses.

"You need trees that are large enough and old enough to start accumulating mosses before you can have the cyanobacteria that are associated with the mosses," Lindo said. "Many trees don't start to accumulate mosses until they're more than 100 years old. So it's really the density of very large old trees that are draped in moss that is important at a forest stand level. We surveyed trees that are estimated as being between 500 and 800 years old."


'/>"/>

Contact: Katherine Gombay
katherine.gombay@mcgill.ca
514-398-2189
McGill University
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Disinfectants can make bacteria resistant to treatment
2. H. Pylori bacteria may help prevent some esophageal cancers
3. Scientists discover bacteria that can cause bone infections
4. Waste from gut bacteria helps host control weight, UT Southwestern researchers report
5. Gene against bacterial attack unravelled
6. Predatory bacterial swarm uses rippling motion to reach prey
7. Bacteria manage perfume oil production from grass
8. Nature study demonstrates that bacterial clotting depends on clustering
9. Battling bacteria in the blood: Researchers tackle deadly infections
10. Shifts in soil bacterial populations linked to wetland restoration success
11. New bacteria discovered in raw milk
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/2/2016)... 2016   Parabon NanoLabs (Parabon) announced ... Research Office and the Defense Forensics and Biometrics ... the company,s Snapshot Kinship Inference software ... generally, defense-related DNA forensics.  Although Snapshot is best ... and ancestry from DNA evidence), it also has ...
(Date:2/1/2016)... wallet ( www.wocketwallet.com ) announces the launch of a new video featuring ... Las Vegas , where Joey appeared at the Wocket booth ... , where Joey appeared at the Wocket booth to meet and ... at the Consumer Electronics Show (CES2016) in Las Vegas ... fans. --> --> The video ...
(Date:1/25/2016)... 25, 2016  Glencoe Software, the world-leading supplier of ... industries, will provide the data management solution OMERO Plus ... Photo - ... Phenotypic analysis measures the characteristics and ... comparisons between states such as health and disease, the ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/9/2016)... ... February 09, 2016 , ... The publishing industry ... Access publishing is one of the popular publication models that has received wider ... and 3000+ International Conferences across the globe, OMICS International is ...
(Date:2/9/2016)...  DNAtrix, a clinical stage, biotechnology company ... its lead product, DNX-2401, has been designated ... medicinal product for the treatment of glioma. ... approximately 25,000 people a year in the ... --> http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20160208/330986LOGO ...
(Date:2/9/2016)... BOSTON and LONDON , February ... see leading bio tech replace paper and ... The web-based electronic laboratory notebook (ELN) will be rolled out ... replace paper-based research and development (R&D) and protect valuable IP. ... time and follow a specific researcher or experiment as part ...
(Date:2/9/2016)... , Feb. 9, 2016 BERG, ... data-driven, biological research approach, has announced the appointment ... Officer and Chief Operating Officer. Haddock brings to ... finance, including 12 years in senior financial functions ... experience in business organizational management. ...
Breaking Biology Technology: