Navigation Links
Avoiding a cartography catastrophe
Date:2/4/2013

KNOXVILLE, TN Since the mid-nineteenth century, maps have helped elucidate the deadly mysteries of diseases like cholera and yellow fever. Yet today's global mapping of infectious diseases is considerably unreliable and may do little to inform the control of potential outbreaks, according to a new systematic mapping review of all clinically important infectious diseases known to humans.

Of the 355 infectious diseases assessed in the review, 174 showed a strong rationale for mapping and less than 5 percent of those have been mapped reliably. Unreliable mapping makes it difficult to fully understand the geographic scope and threat of disease and therefore make informed policy recommendations for managing it, write the authors of the study, which appears as open access on Feb. 4 in the journal Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B.

An online, open-access database, which accompanies the study, provides a quantitative scheme for evaluating the quality of data available for each infectious disease as well as specific mapping recommendations for each disease. Among the recommendations for improving disease cartography are the use of new crowdsourcing techniques to gather data, such as analyzing the content and frequency of Twitter messages about disease. Twitter feeds during the 2009 H1N1 flu outbreak, for example, predicted outbreaks sooner than traditional disease surveillance methods.

"We have shown that novel solutions exist to enable us to use up-to-date data and technology to rapidly improve our geographic knowledge of a wide range of clinically important pathogens," said Katherine Battle, one of the study's co-authors from the University of Oxford.

Unique to the review is the inclusion of how the basic reproduction rate, which is the primary epidemiological number used to determine the degree which a disease can spread through a population, might vary among pathogens.

"There is a clear need for better estimates of the potential growth of infectious diseases that allow spatial variations to be taken into consideration, and this paper is a wonderful contribution to help us meet this need," said Louis Gross, the director of the National Institute for Mathematical and Biological Synthesis, which sponsored a workshop in 2011 that produced the paper.


'/>"/>

Contact: Catherine Crawley
ccrawley@nimbios.org
865-974-9350
National Institute for Mathematical and Biological Synthesis (NIMBioS)
Source:Eurekalert  

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Avoiding a cartography catastrophe
(Date:11/29/2016)... Nov. 29, 2016   Neurotechnology , ... object recognition technologies, today released FingerCell 3.0, ... recognition solutions that run on low-power, low-memory ... using less than 128KB of memory, enabling ... that have limited on-board resources, such as: ...
(Date:11/22/2016)... Nov. 22, 2016   MedNet Solutions , an ... spectrum of clinical research, is pleased to announce that ... Healthcare and Life Sciences Awards as "Most Outstanding ... an unprecedented year of recognition and growth for MedNet, ... 15 years. iMedNet ™ , ...
(Date:11/16/2016)... Calif. , Nov. 16, 2016 ... user experience and security for consumer electronics, and ... the financial and retail industry, today announced a ... and convenient way to authenticate users of mobile ... Sensory,s TrulySecure™ software which requires no ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:12/2/2016)... The immunohistochemistry (IHC) market is projected to reach ... during the forecast period of 2016 to 2021 dominated by immunohistochemistry ... the largest share of immunohistochemistry (IHC) market, by end user.   ... , , ... across 225 pages, profiling 10 companies and supported with 181 tables ...
(Date:11/30/2016)... ... November 30, 2016 , ... BEI Kimco, a ... with a flexure design that ensures high alignment accuracy by preventing unwanted shaft ... ideally suited where extreme precision is required, such as in medical equipment, laboratory ...
(Date:11/30/2016)... ALBANY, New York , November 30, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... exceptionally consolidated as a few players hold a dominant ... Lonza Group, Charles River Laboratories International, Inc., and Merck ... global market in 2015. Transparency Market Research observes that ... they are focused on development products that are do ...
(Date:11/30/2016)... RATON, Fla. , Nov. 30, 2016 ... biotherapeutic products, is pleased to announce the addition of ... Avenue Kearney, Nebraska . The 15,200 ... business on November 29th, 2016 and brings the total ... Ileana Carlisle , BPC,s Chief Executive ...
Breaking Biology Technology: