Navigation Links
Avocados may help prevent oral cancer, OSU study shows
Date:9/22/2007

Columbus, Ohio -- Nutrients taken from avocados are able to thwart oral cancer cells, killing some and preventing pre-cancerous cells from developing into actual cancers, according to researchers at Ohio State University.

Researchers found that extracts from Hass avocados kill or stop the growth of pre-cancerous cells that lead to oral cancer. Hass avocados are year-round fruits known for their distinctive bumpy skin that turns from green to purplish-black as they ripen.

While there are more than 500 varieties of avocados grown worldwide, Hass avocados are the most readily available at supermarkets nationwide. Similar research has not been conducted on other varieties of avocados.

The findings are published online in the journal Seminars in Cancer Biology.

Lead author Steven M. D'Ambrosio, a member of the molecular carcinogenesis and chemoprevention program at Ohio State's Comprehensive Cancer Center, also wrote an accompanying editorial for the journal, discussing the cancer-fighting potential of fruits and vegetables. D'Ambrosio collaborated with Haiming Ding in Ohio State's College of Medicine.

Studies have long associated the consumption of fruits and vegetables with a reduced risk for various types of human cancer. The protective effect is attributed to the high levels of phytonutrients or phytochemicals plant compounds thought to have health-protecting qualities that are often found in dark colored fruits and vegetables.

"As far as we know, this is the first study of avocados and oral cancer," says D'Ambrosio. "We think these phytochemicals either stop the growth of precancerous cells in the body or they kill the precancerous cells without affecting normal cells. Our study focuses on oral cancer, but the findings might have implications for other types of cancer. These are preliminary findings, and more research is needed."

D'Ambrosio, who collaborated with researchers in Ohio State's College of Pharmacy, found that phytochemicals extracted from avocados target multiple signaling pathways and increase the amount of reactive oxygen within the cells, leading to cell death in pre-cancerous cell lines. But the phytochemicals did not harm normal cells.

"These studies suggest that individual and a combination of phytochemicals from the avocado fruit may offer an advantageous dietary strategy in cancer prevention," says Ding, who is a member of the division of radiobiology, department of radiology.

Avocados are chock-full of beneficial antioxidants and phytonutrients, including vitamin C, folate, vitamin E, fiber and unsaturated fats. They are naturally sodium-free, contain no trans fats and are low in saturated fat, making them a healthy addition to any diet, D'Ambrosio says.

"The future is ripe for identifying fruits and vegetables and individual phytonutrients with cancer preventing activity," writes D'Ambrosio in the journal's editorial. "As we identify the molecular mechanisms and targets by which individual phytonutrients prevent cancer, we may be able to improve upon nature by formulating phytonutrient cocktails for specific cancers and individual susceptibility and risk."


'/>"/>

Contact: Eileen Scahill
Eileen.Scahill@osumc.edu
614-293-3737
Ohio State University
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. A comprehensive response to HIV could prevent 10 million AIDS deaths in Africa by 2020
2. NYCs First Rapid HIV Drug-resistant AIDS Case Prompts Call to Step Up HIV Prevention
3. Antiretroviral therapy may prevent excess risk of some cancers in people with HIV
4. Rare surgery performed to remove pancreas, prevent diabetes
5. Yeast Network Prevents Damage By Oxygen Radicals
6. Undesirable expatriates: Preventing the spread of invasive animals
7. Protein prevents detrimental immune effects of bacterial sepsis
8. Active Vaccine Prevents Mice From Developing Prion Disease
9. Understanding how bacteria communicate may help scientists prevent disease
10. Antiretroviral Therapy May Prevent HIV Transmission From Breastfeeding Mothers To Infants
11. Does vitamin C help prevent or treat the common cold? Maybe not, after all.
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/13/2017)... April 13, 2017 According to a new market ... Identity Analytics, Identity Administration, and Authorization), Service, Authentication Type, Deployment Mode, Vertical, ... Market is expected to grow from USD 14.30 Billion in 2017 to ... of 17.3%. ... MarketsandMarkets Logo ...
(Date:4/11/2017)... Research and Markets has announced the addition of the ... ... grow at a CAGR of 30.37% during the period 2017-2021. ... prepared based on an in-depth market analysis with inputs from industry ... over the coming years. The report also includes a discussion of ...
(Date:4/11/2017)... April 11, 2017 NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: ... company, announces the appointment of independent Directors Mr. Robin ... its Board of Directors, furthering the company,s corporate governance and ... Gino Pereira ... look forward to their guidance and benefiting from their considerable ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:6/20/2017)... ... June 20, 2017 , ... National executive ... leader with extensive assay development and biomarker expertise, as VP of Scientific Affairs ... CRO specializing in bio-analytical assay development and sample testing services. The organization acts ...
(Date:6/20/2017)... , ... June 20, 2017 , ... ... discovery of antibody therapeutics from millions-diverse immune repertoires, announces launch of its new ... Diego, California. Dave Johnson, PhD, CEO of GigaGen, will present on Surge at ...
(Date:6/19/2017)... ... June 19, 2017 , ... ... development reported today that it is launching two new additions of its award-winning ... demonstrating new capabilities at the DIA 2017 Annual Meeting in Chicago, IL, June ...
(Date:6/19/2017)... ... 2017 , ... A colony of healthy honey bees is like a superorganism--individual ... and nectar containing nutrients necessary for growth and survival. Better nutrition gives the colony ... point to a decline in honey bee health. Sick and weakened bees diminish the ...
Breaking Biology Technology: