Navigation Links
Astrocytes and synaptic plasticity
Date:10/12/2008

By mopping up excess neurotrophic factor from neuronal synapses, astrocytes may finely tune synaptic transmission to affect processes such as learning and memory, say Bergami et al.

The major cellular events of learning and memory are long-term potentiation (LTP) and long-term depression (LTD), both of which affect neurons' ability to communicate with one another. Neurons that have undergone LTP display a stronger electrical response to the same level of a stimulus, whereas neurons that have gone through LTD display a weaker response. These changes are thought to result from modifications of the neuronal synapses, such as alterations in the density of postsynaptic receptors, or downstream signaling events.

Secretion of the neurotrophic factor BDNF (brain-derived neurotrophic factor) has been implicated in long-term synaptic modification, and the function of BDNF on synaptic strength depends on its particular form: in its pro-BDNF form it is believed to promote LTD, and in its mature form it prompts LTP. Neurons were thought to secrete pro-BDNF, which then matured into BDNF in the synaptic space. However, a recent study suggests that only mature BDNF is secreted, pro-BDNF being processed intracellularly.

To get to the bottom of things, Bergami et al. investigated the fate of both forms after LTP induction in brain slices from the rat cortex. By fluorescent immunohistochemistry they showed that that neurons indeed secrete both mature and pro-BDNF, but that a large amount of the pro-BDNF is immediately taken up by astrocytes.

Astrocytes, previously thought to be unimportant in neuronal transmission, have recently been implicated in long-term modulation of neuronal synapses. For example, they release the neurotransmitter glutamate into the synapse prompting LTP. By specifically mopping up pro-BDNF, astrocytes seem to have another means to assist in LTP. However, while it's likely that most pro-BDNF gets degraded inside astrocytes, s
'/>"/>

Contact: Sati Motieram
motierd@mail.rockefeller.edu
212-327-8581
Rockefeller University Press
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Synaptics to Report First Quarter Results on October 23
2. Synaptics SecurePad(TM) Selected as CES Innovations 2008 Design and Engineering Award Honoree
3. Reproductive plasticity revealed: Neotropical treefrog can choose to lay eggs in water or on land
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:7/8/2015)... The consumer products industry for innovative ... products such as wearables, smart wallets & other smart technology ... devices continues to rapidly grow.  Biometrics & Wearable Device Companies ... Google Inc. (NASDAQ: GOOG ), Apple Inc. (NASDAQ: ... (NASDAQ: GPRO ) and Baidu Inc. (NASDAQ: BIDU ...
(Date:7/7/2015)... July 7, 2015 NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: NXTD ) ... growing mobile commerce market announces a revised version of one of ... commercial will air on CNBC in New York ... and San Francisco metro areas.    ... on Wocket,s ability to replace all the cards in your wallet ...
(Date:7/2/2015)... Sweden , July 2, 2015 ... sensors FPC1025, FPC1035, FPC1145 and FPC1155 from the distributor World ... one of FPC,s distributors in Asia . ... 2015. The sensors will be used by smartphone manufacturers in ... MSEK is included in the communicated revenue guidance of approximately ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Consumers Flock to This Summer's Must Have Tech Gadgets as Latest Digital Wallets, Smart Technology & Wearable Products Continue to Grow in Popularity & Functionality 2Consumers Flock to This Summer's Must Have Tech Gadgets as Latest Digital Wallets, Smart Technology & Wearable Products Continue to Grow in Popularity & Functionality 3Consumers Flock to This Summer's Must Have Tech Gadgets as Latest Digital Wallets, Smart Technology & Wearable Products Continue to Grow in Popularity & Functionality 4Consumers Flock to This Summer's Must Have Tech Gadgets as Latest Digital Wallets, Smart Technology & Wearable Products Continue to Grow in Popularity & Functionality 5Consumers Flock to This Summer's Must Have Tech Gadgets as Latest Digital Wallets, Smart Technology & Wearable Products Continue to Grow in Popularity & Functionality 6Wocket Smart Wallet Commercials Airing on CNBC to Showcase This Summer's Must- Have Tech Product 2Wocket Smart Wallet Commercials Airing on CNBC to Showcase This Summer's Must- Have Tech Product 3FPC Receives Order for Touch Fingerprint Sensors of 268 MSEK 2
... - Call them the Jason Bournes of the bacteria world. ... bacteria avoid antibiotic treatments by essentially shutting down and hiding ... professor in the Artie McFerrin Department of Chemical Engineering at ... is explained in the online April edition of Nature ...
... The largest study ever to examine the association of ... good for the heart may not be good for ... more than 3,400 men, researchers at Fred Hutchinson Cancer ... percentages of docosahexaenoic acid, or DHA, an inflammation-lowering omega-3 ...
... poorest of all the colonies of the Spanish Empire, sadly ... As it turns out, all of the glittering gold and ... along, in the country,s tropical rainforestsbut in the form of ... brilliant gold- ( Chrysina aurigans ) and silver-colored ( Chrysina ...
Cached Biology News:'Going off the grid' helps some bacteria hide from antibiotics 2'Going off the grid' helps some bacteria hide from antibiotics 3High percentage of omega-3s in the blood may boost risk of aggressive prostate cancer 2High percentage of omega-3s in the blood may boost risk of aggressive prostate cancer 3Beetle bling: Researchers discover optical secrets of 'metallic' beetles 2Beetle bling: Researchers discover optical secrets of 'metallic' beetles 3
(Date:7/30/2015)... , July 30, 2015   GenoSpace , ... the interpretation and analysis of genomic and other ... has joined the company as Vice President ... http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20150730/250931 "GenoSpace partners ... integrate, interpret, analyze and explore complex sets of ...
(Date:7/30/2015)... CITY, Kan. , July 30, 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... ), a pet therapeutics company focused on the ... for companion animals, today announced that its strategic ... from a dose confirmation study of AT-016, an ... Aratana for the treatment of osteoarthritis pain in ...
(Date:7/30/2015)... WARRINGTON, Pa. , July 30, 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... announced that it has received the second $1.0M ... Business Innovation Research (SBIR) grant valued at up ... the company,s aerosolized KL4 surfactant as a potential ... lung injury.  Discovery Labs was awarded an initial ...
(Date:7/29/2015)... , July 30, 2015 According ... Market - Growth, Trends & Forecasts (2015-2020), , published by ... US$ 30.25 billion by the end of 2020, with ... accounting for more than 40% of the global market size. ... at a CAGR of 13.7% during the period of (2015-2020). ...
Breaking Biology Technology:GenoSpace Introduces Matthew Fischer as Vice President of Sales and Marketing 2Aratana Therapeutics Announces Positive Pilot Field Study for AT-016 2Aratana Therapeutics Announces Positive Pilot Field Study for AT-016 3Aratana Therapeutics Announces Positive Pilot Field Study for AT-016 4Aratana Therapeutics Announces Positive Pilot Field Study for AT-016 5Discovery Labs Receives $1.0 million under an SBIR Grant in Continuing Support of the Development of Aerosolized KL4 Surfactant to Address Radiation-Induced Lung Injury 2Discovery Labs Receives $1.0 million under an SBIR Grant in Continuing Support of the Development of Aerosolized KL4 Surfactant to Address Radiation-Induced Lung Injury 3Asia Pacific to Dominate the Global Stem Cell Market - Vericel Corporation, Ocata Therpeutics, Athersys Inc., Cryo-Cell International, Geron Corporation, StemCells, Inc. Among the Major Players 2Asia Pacific to Dominate the Global Stem Cell Market - Vericel Corporation, Ocata Therpeutics, Athersys Inc., Cryo-Cell International, Geron Corporation, StemCells, Inc. Among the Major Players 3
... for the Green Bay-based transportation firm Schneider National ... TrafficCast International , a Madison-based provider of digital traffic ... new business development and pricing of more than $3.5 ... trucking company and a leading company in transportation logistics, ...
... - BEST Energies, Inc. has been ... the United States government. , ,The Madison-based energy business ... and the source of the grant comes from down ... Environment and Climate Change in Australia. , ,The ...
... Wis. - The Douglas Stewart Co. ... its network of education resellers the products of ... video and Internet Protocol (IP) communication and entertainment products. ... , ,Douglas Stewart sells computer products, consumer electronics, and ...
Cached Biology Technology:
...
... Although the mixed TAMRA isomers are ... isomers are increasingly preferred for labeling peptides ... in HPLC purification that is often required ... often used than 6-TAMRA for labeling peptides ...
Rabbit polyclonal to GPCR G2A ( Abpromise for all tested applications). entrezGeneID: 29933 SwissProtID: Q9UNW8...
Alkali soluble casein is the recommended blot blocking reagent for use with the HisTag Monoclonal Antibody (Novagen) on Western blots....
Biology Products: