Navigation Links
Archaeologists explore Iraqi marshes for origins of urbanization
Date:3/31/2011

The first non-Iraqi archaeological investigation of the Tigris-Euphrates delta in 20 years was a preliminary foray by three women who began to explore the links between wetland resources and the emergence and growth of cities last year.

"Foreign investigations in Iraq stopped in the 1990s," said Carrie Hritz, assistant professor of anthropology, Penn State. "Iraqis continued research, but because their work is unpublished, we are unsure of where they surveyed."

The marshlands in Iraq and Iran were drained between 1950 and the 1990s. While initial explanations were that Iraq needed the land for agricultural uses, more often than not, politics played a role. After the first Gulf war, Saddam Hussein drained the areas between the Tigris and Euphrates to control and punish Shia dissidents among the Marsh Arabs.

Restoration of the Hammar marshes is now a high national priority. If we do not act quickly, the window of opportunity for conducting work in this region will close, according to the researchers who include Hritz; Jennifer Pournelle, research assistant professor, School of the Environment, University of South Carolina, and Jennifer Smith, associate professor of geology, Washington University in St. Louis.

The project aims to investigate the contributions of the early-mid Holocene shoreline of the gulf and marshes to the economic foundations of Mesopotamian cities. The researchers are looking at archaeological sites from 5,000 B.C. to Islamic times.

"Our interest is in early settlement," Hritz told attendees today (Mar 31) at the annual meeting of the Society of American Archaeology in Sacramento, Calif. " The early period of settlement is always linked to the development of agriculture."

Hritz notes, however, that marshes have all the resources necessary for settlement fish, game and plants. She suggests that people would need a wide resource base to create urban areas in the midst of the Tigris-Euphra
'/>"/>

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Beetle explorers name new species for Roosevelt
2. UMass Amherst biologists use GPS to map bats teeth to explore evolutionary adaptations to diet
3. UCR scientists to explore new genetic tools in mosquito research: Transposable elements
4. IEEE-USA workshop to explore the challenges and opportunities of electric vehicle technology
5. National study explores the reaction and transport of tungsten in drinking water
6. 2 books explore the history and delights of honey, bees and beehives
7. Super-sized world: Conference addresses global obesity epidemic, explores policies, interventions
8. Researcher explores the evolution of largest mammals over the past 100 million years
9. Giants among us: Paper explores evolution of the world’s largest mammals
10. Busy microbial world discovered in deepest ocean crust ever explored
11. Hearing colors, seeing sounds: New research explores sensory overlap in the brain
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/17/2014)... Dec. 16, 2014 Valencell, a leader in performance ... technology to industry leaders such as Intel, Jabra, Atlas, ... biometric wearable products. These products will be showcased at ... Las Vegas . "Our partners ...
(Date:12/11/2014)... , Dec. 09, 2014 Research and Markets ... ( http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/twhjll/biometrics_market ) has announced the addition of the ... to their offering. One major trend ... continuous advances in technology, it is important to upgrade ...
(Date:12/10/2014)... YORK , Dec. 8, 2014 You,ve been here before: ... can,t remember your password, site key or the answer to your ... teacher? Today, Hoyos Labs , a digital ... put an end to the frustration that comes with usernames, passwords ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Valencell PerformTek Biometrics Power the Most Accurate Wearables at CES 2015 2Biometrics Market in the APAC Region 2015-2019: Key Vendors are 3M Cogent, NEC, Safran and Suprema 2The Password is Finally Dead: Launch of 1U Mobile App Eliminates Need for All Usernames and Passwords 2The Password is Finally Dead: Launch of 1U Mobile App Eliminates Need for All Usernames and Passwords 3
... existed in the Amazon before the arrival of Europeans, ... the result of research led by Crystal McMichael and ... The finding overturns the idea the Amazon was a ... that transformed vast tracts of the landscape. The ...
... vegetarian and ecological products, but is it really making ... about ethical trade, Gothenburg researchers Bengt Brlde and ... help ease people,s bad conscience, it does nothing to ... fixing the problem will require collective solutions, such as ...
... UC Santa Barbara scientists turned to the simple sponge to ... and found that, but for a mechanism that coordinates the ... synapses, sponges and the rest of the animal world may ... of a protosynaptic gene expression network," are published in the ...
Cached Biology News:Scientists reconstruct pre-Columbian human effects on the Amazon Basin 2Ethical trade: 'Good intentions go to waste' 2Clues to nervous system evolution found in nerve-less sponge 2
(Date:1/22/2015)... MA (PRWEB) January 22, 2015 zFlo ... is pleased to announce an exciting product from a new ... motion analysis solutions over the past 15 years, with offerings ... Most recently, their 3D IMU system (inertial measurement unit), iSen, ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... 2015 Selexis SA, a serial innovation ... Banks (RCBs) used for drug discovery to commercial manufacturing, ... include Next-Generation Sequencing (NGS) data packages. The ... manufacturing by ensuring the integrity of the gene, validation ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... Jan. 22, 2015   Cypher Genomics, Inc., ... (NASDAQ: SQNM ), the leading molecular ... next generation noninvasive prenatal tests (NIPT). Through this ... called Mantis™, to advance analysis of clinically-relevant fetal ...
(Date:1/22/2015)...  Derma Sciences, Inc. (Nasdaq: DSCI ), ... care, announces that AMNIOEXCEL® and AMNIOMATRIX®, amniotic allografts ... the Premier, Inc. Regenerative Skin Grafting contract portfolio. ... and AMNIOMATRIX® product lines, which continue to be ...
Breaking Biology Technology:3D Motion Capture Just Got Easy 2Selexis Generated Research Cell Banks Now Fully Sequenced Using Next-Generation Sequencing 2Cypher Genomics and Sequenom Announce Development Agreement 2Cypher Genomics and Sequenom Announce Development Agreement 3Cypher Genomics and Sequenom Announce Development Agreement 4Derma Sciences Expands Access of its AMNIOTIC TISSUE Product Line with New Premier, Inc. Agreement 2Derma Sciences Expands Access of its AMNIOTIC TISSUE Product Line with New Premier, Inc. Agreement 3Derma Sciences Expands Access of its AMNIOTIC TISSUE Product Line with New Premier, Inc. Agreement 4Derma Sciences Expands Access of its AMNIOTIC TISSUE Product Line with New Premier, Inc. Agreement 5
... LIVERPOOL, February 2 Gray Healthcare has ... to lead its,expanding Community Recovery Team, as Clinical Director. ... years, experience of senior management in mental,health in both the ... of operations at Cambian Healthcare, covering 12 psychiatric,rehabilitation hospitals, he ...
... SAN DIEGO , Feb. 1 BioMed Realty Trust, Inc. ... its fourth quarter and year ended December 31, 2009 after ... Alan D. Gold , Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, and ... conference call at 10:00 a.m. Pacific Time on Thursday, ...
... Astrogenetix ... Space Station (ISS) to 2020 or beyond. , ... (Vocus) February 1, 2010 -- Astrogenetix is issuing the following statement applauding ... beyond. , ,Thomas B. Pickens III, Chairman of Astrogenetix, Inc.:, , ,“We are excited to ...
Cached Biology Technology:Noel Tracey to Head Up Gray Healthcare Recovery Team 2BioMed Realty Trust to Report 2009 Fourth Quarter and Year-End Results 2Astrogenetix Statement On Nasa's Fiscal Year 2011 Budget Announcement 2
... Polyclonal Phosphorylated Anti-GluR1 Glutamate is the ... many years it had been considered to ... NMDA, AMPA and kainate receptors that are ... Recently, glutamate has been shown to regulate ...
Anti-ADP-Ribosylation Factor 1, clone 3F1 Immunogen: Synthetic peptide corresponding to the C-terminal amino acid sequence of human ARF1. Available Date: 38495...
TNF-Related Apoptosis Inducing Ligand-Receptor-1...
Pim-1 (12H8)...
Biology Products: