Navigation Links
Antioxidants can protect against omega 6 damage -- or promote it

SAN DIEGO Given omega 6 fatty acid's reputation for promoting cancer at least in animal studies researchers are examining the role that antioxidants play in blocking the harmful effects of this culprit, found in many cooking oils. After all, antioxidants are supposed to prevent DNA damage. But employing antioxidants could backfire, say researchers at Georgetown Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center.

In their study, being reported at the AACR Annual Meeting 2015, researchers found that vitamin E actually increased specific damage linked to omega 6 fatty acids. The vitamin promoted the formation of an "adduct," a structure that links a chemical to DNA, and which may cause mutations.

On the other hand, in the setting of omega 6, the antioxidant green tea polyphenol reduced formation of another commonly found "adduct" from omega-6 fatty acid suggesting it may have beneficial health effects.

The third antioxidant tested, alpha-lipoic acid found in spinach and broccoli and proven to have anti-cancer properties had no effect on either of the two adducts studied.

The study was designed to understand why omega 6 polyunsaturated fatty acids promote liver cancer, while their cousin, omega 3, helps prevent cancer.

Researchers examined formation of DNA-damaging adducts in liver cells treated with omega 6. One of those adducts, ϒ-OHPdG, is well known, but the research team discovered a second one DHHedA.

"This study revealed that DHHedA is a novel type of DNA damage, found in the tissues of rodents and humans, that is caused by omega 6 polyunsaturated fatty acid," says the study's lead author, Fung-Lung Chung, PhD, a professor of oncology at Georgetown Lombardi and professor of biochemistry and molecular & cellular biology at Georgetown University Medical Center.

In rats engineered to develop liver cancer, green tea polyphenols reduced formation of ϒ-OHPdG adducts, and vitamin E increased production of DHHedA adducts.

Researchers also discovered that although alpha-lipoic acid had no effect on either adduct, rats who ate the antioxidant had a significantly longer lifespan, compared with rats treated with the other antioxidants. "The precise reason why this happened is not yet known," says Chung.

"Our findings are beginning to shed light on why omega 6 fatty acids are believed to have negative health effects," Chung says, "but we have a long way to go before we can make definitive health claims on these antioxidants."

He added, "Not all antioxidants are created equal. They all have different properties, and they play different roles in various tissues. What we find in liver cancer may not hold true for other cancers."


Contact: Karen Teber
Georgetown University Medical Center

Related biology news :

1. Dont throw out old, sprouting garlic -- it has heart-healthy antioxidants
2. Red delicious or wolf apple? Brazilian savanna fruits high in antioxidants
3. Antioxidants -- too much of a good thing?
4. Antioxidants may ease PAD blood pressure increase
5. Diet high in total antioxidants associated with lower risk of myocardial infarction in women
6. Powerful class of antioxidants may be potent Parkinsons treatment
7. Academy of Natural Sciences receives major grant for program to protect drinking water
8. Can love hormone protect against addiction?
9. Research findings link post-heart attack biological events that provide cardioprotection
10. In grasslands remade by humans, animals may protect biodiversity
11. Study pinpoints protective mutations for type 2 diabetes
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/18/2015)... York , November 18, 2015 ... Research has published a new market report titled  Gesture ... Trends, and Forecast, 2015 - 2021. According to the report, ... 2014 and is anticipated to reach US$29.1 bn by ... 2021. North America dominated ...
(Date:11/17/2015)... , Nov. 17, 2015 Pressure BioSciences, ... in the development and sale of broadly enabling, pressure ... life sciences industry, today announced it has received gross ... $5 million Private Placement (the "Offering"), increasing the total ...  One or more additional closings are expected in the ...
(Date:11/12/2015)... --  Growing need for low-cost, easy to use, ... the way for use of biochemical sensors for ... clinical, agricultural, environmental, food and defense applications. Presently, ... applications, however, their adoption is increasing in agricultural, ... on improving product quality and growing need to ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:11/30/2015)... , Nov. 30, 2015  HUYA Bioscience International, the ... pharmaceutical innovations, today announced it has signed ... Fund (KDDF) to foster collaboration between KDDF and HUYA ... commercialization of healthcare products for the global market. ... important source of new innovative preclinical and clinical stage ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... Florida and MAGDEBURG, Germany , ... of NeuroRehabilitation (ECNR) in Vienna, Austria ... 3rd European Congress of NeuroRehabilitation (ECNR) in ... --> NovaVision, a wholly owned subsidiary of Vycor ... European version of its Internet-delivered NovaVision Therapy Suite at the ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... Israel , Nov. 30, 2015 BrainStorm ... developer of adult stem cell technologies for neurodegenerative diseases, today ... been awarded an additional grant of approximately $735,000 from ... This grant, the second this year, brings the total awarded ... million (approximately NIS7 million).  ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... November 27, 2015 , ... Pittcon is pleased to ... presentations offered in symposia, oral sessions, workshops, awards, and posters. The core ... of applications such as, but not limited to, biotechnology, biomedical, drug discovery, environmental, ...
Breaking Biology Technology: