Navigation Links
Antibiotic reduction campaigns do not necessarily reduce resistance
Date:7/29/2013

Antibiotic useand misuseis the main driver for selection of antibiotic resistant bacteria. This has led many countries to implement interventions designed to reduce overall antibiotic consumption. Now, using methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) as an example, Laura Temime of the Conservatoire National des Arts et Metiers, Paris, and collaborators warn that simply reducing antibiotics consumption does not necessarily reduce resistance. The research is published online ahead of print in Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy.

The success of antibiotic reduction programs depends on which antibiotics are reduced, because some select more strongly for resistance than others. For instance, in the case of S. aureus, reducing use of clindamycin and methicillin lead to decreased resistance, while reducing use of penicillins does not, since most S. aureus, including MRSA, are already resistant to penicillin, explains Temime.

Additionally, efforts to reduce antibiotic use must be coordinated between hospitals and the community, since either can feed resistant bacteria into the other, undermining reduction efforts, says Temime.

In 2002-2003, a national program reduced antibiotic use in France by 10 percent. However, it fell short of the full potential for reducing resistance because it failed to target those antibiotics that generate the most resistance, says Temime. She and her collaborators developed a mathematical model of MRSA circulation, which correctly simulated that reduction, post-facto. They then performed a number of simulations of reductions in antibiotic use, which demonstrated the complexities of reduction efforts.

"We found that the reduction in MRSA hospital rates could have been much larger than it actually was following the 2002 antibiotic reduction campaign," says Temime. "Our results also suggest that changes in the distribution of antibiotics prescribed for non-hospitalized patients actually limited the impact of the antibiotic reduction campaign in French hospitals."

Their research shows that class-specific changes in antibiotic use, rather than overall reductions, need to be considered in order to achieve the greatest benefit from antibiotic reduction campaigns, says Temime. "This underlines the importance of generating surveillance data on both antibiotic class-specific changes in antibiotic use and antibiotic resistance in the years following an antibiotic reduction campaign. We believe that this research may help health policy makers and physicians in the design of more efficient antibiotic reduction campaigns."


'/>"/>

Contact: Jim Sliwa
jsliwa@asmusa.org
202-942-9297
American Society for Microbiology
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Researchers attempt to solve problems of antibiotic resistance and bee deaths in one
2. Exposure to antibiotics linked to severity of allergic asthma: UBC research
3. Team discovers how bacteria resist a Trojan horse antibiotic
4. New antibiotic could make food safer and cows healthier
5. Hot on the trail of metabolic diseases and resistance to antibiotics
6. University of Nevada, Reno first to show transgenerational effect of antibiotics
7. Bacteria discovery could lead to antibiotics alternatives
8. How one strain of MRSA becomes resistant to last-line antibiotic
9. The effect of treatment with antibiotics and vaccination against Q fever in sheep
10. Toward an alternative for antibiotics to fight bacterial infections?
11. Vaccine and antibiotics stabilized so refrigeration is not needed -- NIH study
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/13/2017)... Former 9/11 Commission border counsel and Special Counsel to ... of Identity Strategy Partners, LLP, today releases the following ... Protecting the Nation From Foreign Terrorist Entry Into the ... Trump,s ,Travel Ban, Executive Order gains more notoriety and ... ban, it is important that our national discourse regain ...
(Date:2/8/2017)... -- Report Highlights ... The global synthetic-biology market reached nearly $3.9 billion ... at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 24.0% through ... markets for synthetic biology. - Analyses of global market trends, ... compound annual growth rates (CAGRs) through 2021. - Coverage of ...
(Date:2/7/2017)... LONG BEACH, New York , February 7, 2017 ... formerly known as ID Global Solutions Corporation [OTC: IDGS], ... identification, identity management and electronic transaction processing services, is ... a reorganization of the Company. Effective January ... Chairman of the Board of Directors, CEO and President. ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/27/2017)... 2017 AcelRx Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (Nasdaq: ACRX), ... and commercialization of innovative therapies for the treatment ... Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has accepted the ... for DSUVIA™ (formerly ARX-04) (sufentanil sublingual tablet, 30 ... acute pain in a medically supervised setting. The ...
(Date:2/27/2017)... FRANCISCO , Feb. 27, 2017 Fluxion ... Spain has been appointed as a ... System. The IsoFlux system will be used in Genetracer ... relevant to lung and colon cancer, with plans to ... The laboratory is utilizing Fluxion,s IsoFlux System to isolate, ...
(Date:2/26/2017)... ... February 26, 2017 , ... Rob Lowe is a well recognized television personality, ... "Informed," focuses on issues that are important to the American public and important to ... has been a hot topic around the world for a few years. , The ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... February 24, 2017 , ... Delpor, Inc. ... $224K grant from the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) for the further advancement ... Delpor’s PROZOR technology and is expected to deliver therapeutic levels of olanzapine ...
Breaking Biology Technology: