Navigation Links
Answering crucial questions about anthrax exposure
Date:8/15/2013

Although studies with animals at other institutions have looked at anthrax, the data are limited and usually involved vaccine testing and not exposure amounts for infection. Gleaning information from accidental exposures in isolated cases is difficult and not often helpful. So, Toth and Gundlapalli gathered what useful information from animal studies reported in the medical literature and then combined it with data from an accidental exposure at a Soviet Union bioterrorism plant that occurred in the city of Sverdlovsk, Russia, in 1979.

Gundlapalli, who as a postdoctoral fellow at the U of U helped build a bioterrorism surveillance system for the 2002 Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City, and Damon J.A. Toth, Ph.D., a mathematician and assistant professor of internal medicine at the U of U, are co-first authors on the study.

Anthrax is found on the skin of dead animals and its spores can live thousands of years. People can become infected when they are in close proximity to anthrax, such as a farmworker who might be exposed to a dead animal and inhales spores of the bacteria. But it also can be manufactured in laboratories and spread in other ways, such as when people opened letters containing anthrax or when the spores are put into an aerosol and dispersed over large areas by wind currents.

Previous studies at other institutions had provided widely varying estimates of the chance of becoming infected with anthrax with low dose exposure. For example, one model based on animal data estimated a 1 percent chance of becoming infected from inhaling one spore, while another study estimated that healthy humans would have virtually no chance of becoming infected after inhaling up to 600 spores. But analyzing the results from a better documented, non-human primate study at another institution, in combination with a carefully constructed mathematical model appropriate for humans, Toth estimated that the number of spores required for a 1 percent cha
'/>"/>

Contact: Phil Sahm
phil.sahm@hsc.utah.edu
801-581-2517
University of Utah Health Sciences
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2 3 4

Related biology news :

1. REST is crucial for the timing of brain development
2. Protein signal is crucial for accurate control of insect size
3. Blowing in the wind: How hidden flower features are crucial for bees
4. Research yields two firsts regarding protein crucial to human cardiac function
5. A*STAR scientists groundbreaking discovery of nucleus structure crucial to understanding diseases
6. Impact of stem cell transplantation location in brain a crucial factor for cell survival
7. CITES: Crucial for conserving sharks and rays
8. Strange phallus-shaped creature provides crucial missing link
9. Liver protein crucial for pregnancy
10. Fielding questions about climate change
11. New CU-NOAA monitoring system clarifies murky atmospheric questions
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:9/2/2014)... most ideal source of nutrition for infants and ... the evolution and civilizations of human beings. Unlike ... number of bacterial species, including some opportunistic pathogens ... to scientists and physicians. , Indeed, the existence ... result of co-evolutionary and co-adaptive interactions between the ...
(Date:9/2/2014)... integrity? Tell the truth; everyone has a tipping point. We ... lie if the benefit is great enough. Now, scientists have ... that decision. , The result was published online this ... prefer to be honest, even if lying is beneficial," said ... at the Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute , where ...
(Date:9/2/2014)... propensity for eating anything, including each other, camel crickets ... North Carolina State University finds that non-native camel cricket ... States. , "The good news is that camel crickets ... humans," says Dr. Mary Jane Epps, a postdoctoral researcher ... about the research. , The research stems from a ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Are human breast milk microbiome 'neutral'? 2Are human breast milk microbiome 'neutral'? 3Scientists find possible neurobiological basis for tradeoff between honesty, self-interest 2Scientists find possible neurobiological basis for tradeoff between honesty, self-interest 3Scientists find possible neurobiological basis for tradeoff between honesty, self-interest 4Researchers find Asian camel crickets now common in US homes 2
... the triangle depicting how many servings of each food ... knows about MyPlate - the circle showing what a healthy ... United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) to help American consumers ... icon that prompts us to think about what,s on our ...
... gene therapy holds promise for the treatment of devastating genetic ... have been unclear. In a study online December 26th ... by Cell Press, researchers evaluated a patient with a genetic ... after he had undergone a gene therapy procedure as part ...
... neurodegenerative disorders, and drugs without significant side effects ... Institute of Synergon Consulting in Romania, led by ... is a transcription co-activator required for consolidation of ... same time involved in DNA replication and repair, ...
Cached Biology News:Who is using MyPlate? 2Gene therapy for human skin disease produces long-term benefits 2
(Date:9/2/2014)... about a billionth of a meter in size, are ... can benefit human health, as in some innovative early ... through viruses, air pollution, traffic emissions, cosmetics, sunscreen and ... in St. Louis, led by Lan Yang, PhD, the ... Systems Engineering, and their collaborators at Tsinghua University in ...
(Date:9/2/2014)... Scientists, including University of Oregon chemist Geraldine Richmond, ... of self-assembling, synthetic proteins called peptoid nanosheets that ... accomplishment -- detailed this week in a paper ... Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences ... of the two-dimensional peptoid nanosheets that can be ...
(Date:9/2/2014)... 2, 2014 Persistence Market Research ... in Pharmaceutical, Biopharma and Life Sciences: North ... the global membrane technology market for pharmaceutical, biopharma and life sciences ... is expected to grow at a CAGR of 9.1% ... of USD 10,886.0 million in 2019. Browse ...
(Date:9/2/2014)... AVENTURA, Fla. , Sept. 2, 2014  Technology ... has announced that its wholly-owned subsidiary Renuell Int,l, Inc. ... National Aeronautics and Space Administration ("NASA") at the Johnson ... See photos: tapplic.com/houstonphotos/ ... stated, "We are very pleased to announce our latest, ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Engineers develop new sensor to detect tiny individual nanoparticles 2Engineers develop new sensor to detect tiny individual nanoparticles 3UO-Berkeley Lab unveil new nano-sized synthetic scaffolding technique 2Global Membrane Technology Market Will Reach $10,886.0 Million in 2019: Persistence Market Research 2Global Membrane Technology Market Will Reach $10,886.0 Million in 2019: Persistence Market Research 3Global Membrane Technology Market Will Reach $10,886.0 Million in 2019: Persistence Market Research 4Global Membrane Technology Market Will Reach $10,886.0 Million in 2019: Persistence Market Research 5Technology Applications International Corporation Subsidiary Enters Into Additional Exclusive Agreement with NASA at a Signing Ceremony at the Johnson Space Center In Houston, Texas 2Technology Applications International Corporation Subsidiary Enters Into Additional Exclusive Agreement with NASA at a Signing Ceremony at the Johnson Space Center In Houston, Texas 3
... that it,has received the European CE Mark (Conformite Europeene) ... CE Mark certifies,that the product has met EU health, ... Granted in the Netherlands, the,registration will allow the system ... countries around the world that recognize the CE Mark. ...
... Calif., Oct. 29 Cliniqa Corporation (San,Marcos, ... is pleased to,announce the acquisition of the ... Diego, CA), a wholly owned subsidiary of ... manufacturer of clinical,diagnostic products focusing on clinical ...
... to Focus on Sales Growth and Product ... BioLife Solutions,Inc. (OTC Bulletin Board: BLFS), a ... and cryopreservation media products for,cells, tissues, and ... product,manufacturing, warehousing, and customer order fulfillment to ...
Cached Biology Technology:Diamics Receives European CE Mark Approval for Its Pap-Map(TM) System for Cervical Cancer Screening 2Cliniqa Corporation Completes Asset Acquisition of Reagents Applications, Inc. 2BioLife Solutions Outsourcing Manufacturing, Warehousing, and Order Fulfillment to Bioserv Corporation 2BioLife Solutions Outsourcing Manufacturing, Warehousing, and Order Fulfillment to Bioserv Corporation 3