Navigation Links
Ancient sunflower fuels debate about agriculture in the Americas

nflowers at San Andrs were found to be older than 2600 B.C.

The researchers also asked indigenous people in Mexico what terms they used for the sunflower.

They described how they used sunflower and told us the name in their native language, says Lentz. The names they used for sunflower were all unique, not related to Spanish. That tells us the use of sunflower is older than the Spanish expeditions of the 15th and 16th centuries."

The Otomi, one of the Mexican indigenous groups interviewed, use the name d nukh, which translates to big flower that looks at the sun god, a reference to pre-Columbian solar worship. The sunflower is commonly still used as an ornament in their churches.

When asked about sunflowers, people of the Nahua culture in Mexico, descendants of the Aztecs gave us a clue to help interpret early historic texts, describes Lentz. The modern Nahua use two words for sunflower: chimalxochitl, which means shield flower, or chimalacatl, which means shield reed, which is also a reference to its hollow stem and large, disk-like head (that resembles an Aztec shield). These terms led us to sunflower references to listed in early chronicles of 16th century Aztec society, including The Florentine Codex, written by Fray Bernardino de Sahagun. In the Florentine Codex, the sunflower is described as part of an offering to the Sun God, 'Huitzilopochtli.'"

The researchers point out, the sunflowers association with solar worship and warfare in Mexico may have led to its suppression after the Spanish Conquest.

Sunflower was believed to be a powerful aphrodisiac, which could have also contributed to its being banned by the Spanish priests, Lentz says with a smile. Of course, it is not but this belief was probably part of the case against sunflowers.

Mesoamerica had a thriving culture, a grand civilization, Lentz notes. They had irrigation systems, monumental construction, agriculture and a complex socie

Contact: Wendy Hart Beckman
University of Cincinnati

Page: 1 2 3 4

Related biology news :

1. Ancient ecosystems organized much like our own
2. Synchrotron light unveils oil in ancient Buddhist paintings from Bamiyan
3. Ancient DNA: reconstruction of the biological history of Aldaieta necropolis
4. Ancient reptile rises from Alberta oil sands
5. Ancient lemurs little finger poses mystery
6. Floating a big idea: MIT demos ancient use of rafts to transport goods
7. Ancient mystery solved
8. New dinosaur from Mexico offers insights into ancient life on West America
9. Scientists rebuild ancient proteins to reveal primordial Earths temperature
10. Avian origins: new analysis confirms ancient beginnings
11. Ancient fish bones reveal impacts of global warming beneath the sea
Post Your Comments:
Related Image:
Ancient sunflower fuels debate about agriculture in the Americas
(Date:10/16/2014)... human body. Battles are won, lost or sometimes ... stalemate—known as tumor dormancy—can last up to 25 ... is poorly understood. , A new computational ... a Professor of Chemistry at Princeton University, may ... the switch to a malignant state. Published today ...
(Date:10/16/2014)... can be cultivated efficiently, they are anything but ... by monoculture cultivation is becoming increasingly evident. Despite ... form and are regarded as the sole possibility ... quite wrongfully, finds Bernhard Schmid, an ecology professor ... novel form of agriculture and forestry. After all, ...
(Date:10/15/2014)... 2014 Sandata Technologies, LLC, an industry ... care, today announced it released a case study ... Visit Verification™ Solution (EVV™)  for Quality Care Services, ... company founded in 1996 and has five locations ... The study details the challenges facing Quality ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Modeling tumor dormancy 2Plant communities produce greater yield than monocultures 2Plant communities produce greater yield than monocultures 3Sandata Announces Case Study with Quality Care Services, Inc. 2
... reports that calcium and vitamin D supplementation improves bone ... who were treated chronically with antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). The ... the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE), suggest that risedronate, ... when taken with calcium and vitamin D supplementation. ...
... Nanoparticles filled with chemotherapeutic drugs can kill drug-resistant breast ... scientific journal Biomaterials . Nanoparticles are just ... They can therefore pass through the walls of healthy ... drugs against cancer and other diseases. In ...
... leader, Associate Professor Catherine Pickering, said the Griffith study ... which can be dispersed through horse manure. The findings ... and Restoration . "We reviewed 15 studies on ... from North America, three from Australia and one study ...
Cached Biology News:Calcium and vitamin D improve bone density in patients taking antiepileptic drugs 2Nanoparticles can overcome drug resistance in breast cancer cells 2Saddling up against the threat to our National Parks 2
(Date:10/22/2014)... 2014 Grace Century, a private equity ... announces the addition of Dr. Yousef “Josh” Siddiqui ... team. Dr. Siddiqui will provide further healthcare expertise to ... of University College Medical School in the ... in 2001. With further certification as a General Practitioner ...
(Date:10/22/2014)... -- Nuvilex, Inc. (OTCQB: NVLX) – According to the ... living with diabetes, with  that number expected to grow ... for diabetes treatments is approximately $500 billion.  ... pancreatic cancer.  Pancreatic cancer is the fourth most common ... the United States , and according to a ...
(Date:10/20/2014)... Texas (PRWEB) October 20, 2014 ... announced that a team from Iowa State University won ... design contest. Using a Convey HC-2ex, the team’s solution ... 14 times faster than the second place finisher. , ... world embarked upon the month long challenge, using a ...
(Date:10/20/2014)... -- PureTech , a science and technology ... announced today the closing of a $55 million ... Perpetual, a $120 Billion group of funds. The ... pipeline forward and to advance new healthcare related ... to really go for the big ideas that ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Dr. Yousef Siddiqui joins the Grace Century Advisory Team 2Nuvilex Brief Analyst Report: Thinking Outside the Box by BrokerBank Securities, Inc. 2Team from Iowa State Wins 2014 MemoCODE Design Contest Using Convey HC-2ex 2Team from Iowa State Wins 2014 MemoCODE Design Contest Using Convey HC-2ex 3PureTech Announces Expansion with Oversubscribed $55M Funding Round 2PureTech Announces Expansion with Oversubscribed $55M Funding Round 3PureTech Announces Expansion with Oversubscribed $55M Funding Round 4PureTech Announces Expansion with Oversubscribed $55M Funding Round 5PureTech Announces Expansion with Oversubscribed $55M Funding Round 6
... Solutions, LLC, Santa Clara, CA, a manufacturer of ... applications, announced the release of TruTorr(TM), a single-use ... containers, in order to prevent overpressure damage, at ... TruTorr system consists of a disposable pressure sensor, ...
... option for millions of Americans with debilitating lung ... (NYSE: AZN ) today announced that ... approved SYMBICORT (budesonide/formoterol fumarate dihydrate) 160/4.5 mcg for ... in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), ...
... Is Just What Diabetics Have Been Waiting For. The Sleek, Bold ... By Storm. , ... Greenville, SC (PRWEB) February 27, 2009 -- For ... that is both functional and attractive. In recent years, many companies ...
Cached Biology Technology:Finesse Announces TruTorr(TM) Single-Use Pressure Sensor 2FDA Approves SYMBICORT(R) for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) 2FDA Approves SYMBICORT(R) for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) 3FDA Approves SYMBICORT(R) for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) 4FDA Approves SYMBICORT(R) for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) 5FDA Approves SYMBICORT(R) for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) 6Home Delivery Medical Offers New Glucose Meter With State-Of-The-Art Technology 2Home Delivery Medical Offers New Glucose Meter With State-Of-The-Art Technology 3
Propidium Iodide: {3,8-diamino-5-[3-(diethylmethylammonio)propyl]-6-phenylphenanthridinium diodide}. Antifade Solution: p-Phenylenediamine and glycerol in PBS solution. 2.5ug/mL Propidium Iodide (PI)...
Detects activated caspases in living cells. Simple/sensitive/straight-forward procedure takes only 30 minutes. Results can be analyzed by flow cytometry/fluorescence microscopy/fluorescence plate rea...
Apoptosis Detection Systems and Reagents...
... plastic feeding tubes for rodent oral gavage ... risk of perforation and trauma. Plus they ... cleaning and the risk of cross-contamination. ... 20ga Length: ...
Biology Products: