Navigation Links
Ancient African cattle first domesticated in Middle East, MU study reveals
Date:3/28/2014

COLUMBIA, Mo. Geneticist and anthropologists previously suspected that ancient Africans domesticated cattle native to the African continent nearly 10,000 years ago. Now, a team of University of Missouri researchers has completed the genetic history of 134 cattle breeds from around the world. In the process of completing this history, they found that ancient domesticated African cattle originated in the "Fertile Crescent," a region that covered modern day Iraq, Jordan, Syria and Israel.

Lead researcher Jared Decker, an assistant professor of animal science in the MU College of Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources, says the genetics of these African cattle breeds are similar to those of cattle first domesticated in the Middle East nearly 10,000 years ago, proving that those cattle were brought to Africa as farmers migrated south. Those cattle then interbred with wild cattle, or aurochs, which were native to the region, and changed their genetic makeup enough to confuse geneticists.

In their study published in PLOS Genetics, Decker and a team of international researchers compared the similarities and differences among the genetics of many different cattle breeds to determine how the breeds are related. Their research found mixing of native cattle in Indonesia with imports from India, European and African cattle in Italy and Spain, and European and Asian cattle in Korea and Japan. The MU researchers also determined that unique American cattle breeds, such as Texas longhorns, are the result of breeding between Spanish cattle, transported from Europe by explorers in the 16th century, and breeds of Zebu, or Brahman cattle from India imported into the U.S. from Brazil in the late 1800s. Decker says these discoveries help advance genetics and uncover important information about human history.

"In many ways, the history of cattle genetics mirrors human history," Decker said. "In the case of African cattle, anthropologists and geneticists used to suspect that domesticated African cattle were native to the continent, when in fact, they were brought by migrating peoples thousands of years ago. By better understanding the history of the animals we domesticate, we can better understand ourselves."

Decker also said that cattle breeding is important for animal farmers looking to maximize their herds' meat and dairy production. He says that understanding the genetic history of cattle breeds is important when looking for solutions to agricultural issues.

"Now that we have this more complete genetic history of cattle worldwide, we can better understand the diversity of the species," Decker said. "By understanding the variations present, we can improve cattle for agricultural purposes, whether that is through breeding more disease-resistant animals or finding ways to increase dairy or beef production."


'/>"/>
Contact: Nathan Hurst
hurstn@missouri.edu
573-882-6217
University of Missouri-Columbia
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Ancient clam gardens nurture food security
2. Ancient food webs developed modern structure soon after mass extinction
3. Ancient DNA shows moa were fine until humans arrived
4. Climate of Genghis Khans ancient time extends long shadow over Asia of today
5. Ancient herring catch nets fisheries weakness
6. Wasps use ancient aggression genes to create social groups
7. Substance in photosynthesis was at work in ancient, methane-producing microbes
8. Forest emissions, wildfires explain why ancient Earth was so hot
9. Arctic warmth unprecedented in 44,000 years, reveals ancient moss
10. Fossil pigments reveal the colors of ancient sea monsters
11. Ancient sharks reared young in prehistoric river-delta nursery
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/13/2016)... April 13, 2016  IMPOWER physicians supporting Medicaid patients ... a new clinical standard in telehealth thanks to a ... the higi platform, IMPOWER patients can routinely track key ... body mass index, and, when they opt in, share ... visit to a local retail location at no cost. ...
(Date:3/22/2016)... 2016 According to ... for Consumer Industry by Type (Image, Motion, Pressure, ... & IT, Entertainment, Home Appliances, & Wearable ... 2022", published by MarketsandMarkets, the market for ... USD 26.76 Billion by 2022, at a ...
(Date:3/15/2016)... 15, 2016 --> ... Transparency Market Research "Digital Door Lock Systems Market - Global ... 2023," the global digital door lock systems market in terms ... and is forecast to grow at a CAGR of 31.8% ... and medium enterprises (MSMEs) across the world and high industrial ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/26/2016)... , May 26, 2016 Q ... that it will be a featured presenter at the 5th ... New York City at the Grand ... Corin , Q BioMed Inc. CEO, is scheduled to begin ... cover the company,s business strategy, recent developments and outline milestones ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... ... ... Lajollacooks4u has become a rising hotspot for specialized team building events in ... Fortune 500 companies, such as Illumina, Hewlett-Packard, Qualcomm and Elsevier, have traveled from ... Each event kicks off with an olive oil and salt-tasting competition. From there, ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... ... May 25, 2016 , ... Scientists at the University ... being tried for mesothelioma may be hampering the research that could lead to one ... Click here to read it now. , The team evaluated 98 mesothelioma ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... TEL AVIV, Israel , May 24, 2016   ... on providing physicians with artificial intelligence, real-time decision support tools ... selected to present at the 2016 Israeli Advanced Technology Industries ... part of Israel,s 15th National Life ... to 26th at the David Intercontinental Hotel in ...
Breaking Biology Technology: