Navigation Links
An ocean away: 2 new encrusting anemones found in unexpected locations
Date:12/4/2012

As a result of field work by associate professor James Davis Reimer and two graduate students from the University of the Ryukyus in Okinawa, Japan has found two new species of encrusting anemones, or colonial zoanthids, in unexpected locations. The species belong to the genus Neozoanthus, which was previously known only from a single species in the Indian Ocean. Surprisingly, the new species were found in the Pacific Ocean, in southern Japan and on the Great Barrier Reef, Australia. The study was published in the open access journal ZooKeys.

The only previous species of Neozoanthus was described in 1972 from Madagascar, and subsequently it was not seen for almost 40 years, until recent research had ascertained that new Pacific specimens likely belonged to Neozoanthus (Reimer et al. 2011, in the journal Marine Biology). The new study formally describes these new specimens as two species.

The members of this genus are small, with individual polyps no more than 6 mm in diameter, and have red, gray, blue or purple oral discs; all inhabit coral reef ecosystems in areas with strong currents and some siltation. Both new species and the species from Madagascar contain symbiotic, photosynthetic, single-celled algae that can provide them with energy from the sun.

"We were very surprised in 2008 to discover Neozoanthus in the Pacific, in Japan," said Reimer, "and initially thought that perhaps these were very rare." However, further research in southern Japan by graduate students Yuka Irei and Takuma Fujii, co-authors on the new paper, revealed that the Japanese species was locally common. A further surprise came during the Census of Marine Life's Census of Coral Reef Ecosystems (CReefs) surveys on the Great Barrier Reef in 2009 and 2010, when similar encrusting anemones were found thousands of kilometers away from both Madagascar and Japan.

"These findings can be explained by the fact that there are very few zoanthid researchers in the world. These species are not particularly hard to find, but there was no one looking for them," Reimer added. "This research demonstrates how little we know about marine biodiversity, even in regions relatively well researched."


'/>"/>

Contact: James D. Reimer
jreimer@sci.u-ryukyu.ac.jp
81-988-958-542
Pensoft Publishers
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology news :

1. Oceans acidifying faster today than in past 300 million years
2. Rising ocean temperatures harm protected coral reefs
3. Study by Haverford College professor reveals unprecedented impact of Deepwater Horizon on deep ocean
4. WHOI researchers, collaborators receive $1.4 million grant to study life in oceans greatest depths
5. Oceanographers develop method for measuring the pace of life in deep sediments
6. Corals could survive a more acidic ocean
7. Ocean acidification linked to larval oyster failure
8. Wind pushes plastics deeper into oceans, driving trash estimates up
9. Scientists provide first large-scale estimate of reef shark losses in the Pacific Ocean
10. First satellite tag study for manta rays reveals habits and hidden journeys of ocean giants
11. Plastic trash altering ocean habitats, Scripps study shows
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
An ocean away: 2 new encrusting anemones found in unexpected locations
(Date:3/9/2016)... Fla. , March 9, 2016  Crossmatch ... authentication and enrollment solutions, today announced the addition ... ® Altus multi-factor authentication platform. New ... InfoSec managers to step-up security where it,s needed ... Washington, DC . --> ...
(Date:3/3/2016)... MONTEREY, Calif. , March 3, 2016  FlexTech, ... in the categories of Innovation, Research & Development, Leadership ... Industry Leadership. This is the 9 th year ... select group of companies and individuals from past ... nominations based on a pre-described set of criteria, by ...
(Date:3/3/2016)... DE SOTO, Kansas , March 3, 2016 ... to offer Oncimmune,s Early CDT®-Lung, a blood test ... of lung cancer Early CDT®-Lung test to ... --> Early CDT®-Lung test to its clients ... Oncimmune, a leader in early cancer detection, today ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:4/28/2016)... ... April 28, 2016 , ... ... for Connecticut's innovative, growing companies, today announced the launch of VentureClash , ... (fintech) companies. , “VentureClash looks to attract the best early-stage companies ...
(Date:4/27/2016)... ... April 27, 2016 , ... ... testing technology at the Spring 2016 Marijuana Business Conference and Expo. Shimadzu’s high-performance ... solvents, heavy metals, and more. Expo attendees can stop by booth 1021 to ...
(Date:4/27/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... April 27, 2016 , ... ... (d/b/a Biohaven) is pleased to announce the appointment of John Tilton as Chief Commercial ... Executive Director and one of the founding commercial leaders responsible for the commercialization ...
(Date:4/27/2016)... ... April 27, 2016 , ... Global Stem Cells Group and ... Symposium as other research and development initiatives for potential stem cell protocol management for ... Stem Cells Group executives began meeting to establish a working agenda and foster initiatives ...
Breaking Biology Technology: