Navigation Links
An important breakthrough by IRCM researchers in hematopoiesis and the development of B cells
Date:12/22/2010

A team at the Institut de recherches cliniques de Montral (IRCM) led by Dr. Tarik Mry, President and Scientific Director of the institute and Director of the Hematopoiesis and Cancer research unit, will be publishing an important breakthrough in tomorrow's issue of Immunity, a scientific journal from the Cell Press group. The researchers identified a new regulator playing a critical role in the development B cells, which produce antibodies.

Antibodies circulate through the blood and protect against infectious diseases originating from bacteria or viruses. A lack of antibodies causes the immune system to be severely compromised against infections, and is therefore life-threatening. By producing specific antibodies, mature functional B cells are essential for the body's immune response. The regulator discovered by the researchers is a transcription factor called Miz-1, which is needed for the proper development and maturation of B cells in the bone marrow. This maturation process also requires a growth factor called Interleukin-7 (IL-7) that enables the development of B cells by providing it with the necessary survival signals.

"We initially wanted to clarify the role of Miz-1 during hematopoiesis, which is the formation of all blood cellular components," explains Dr. Christian Kosan, Research Associate in Dr. Mry's research unit and the study's first author. "Surprisingly, our study demonstrated that Miz-1 is required predominantly for the very early stages of B-cell development in the bone marrow. For instance, after deleting the Miz-1 gene in a mouse, we discovered that it had almost completely lost its ability to generate B cells. "

Upon closer evaluation, the research team found that Miz-1 has a very particular function: it is required for IL-7 to effectively trigger the maturation of B cells in the bone marrow. For that reason, mice lacking the Miz-1 transcription factor were immunocompromised, and with this severe defect in B-cell production, a pathogen invasion would most certainly lead to rapid death.

"The important breakthrough in this study is the discovery that the IL-7 signaling pathway uses the transcription factor Miz-1 to ensure both B-cell survival and maturation," adds Dr. Mry. "Our research project therefore confirmed the importance of this signaling pathway for the development of antibody-producing cells. Our next step will be to study the impact of Miz-1 in the development of B-cell leukemia. If this regulator is necessary for the production of B cells, it is possible that it is also required for the development of B-cell leukemia. It may thus be a target for therapeutic interventions in the treatment of this type of blood cancer."


'/>"/>

Contact: Julie Langelier
julie.langelier@ircm.qc.ca
514-987-5555
Institut de recherches cliniques de Montreal
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Process leading to protein diversity in cells important for proper neuron firing
2. A discovery could be important for the therapy of lymphoma and leukemia
3. Is the shape of a genome as important as its content?
4. Scientists reveal important clues to how bacteria and viruses are identified as enemies
5. ‘Scientific leaders of the future’ gear up for important talks on Capitol Hill
6. U of Alberta researchers discover important mechanism in fighting infection
7. Sensor important to understanding root, seedling development
8. Important clue to understanding the pathogenesis of ciliary disorders
9. Protein important in diabetes may also play a key role in heart disease, other disorders
10. Immune system important in fight against stomach cancer
11. UD prof helps discover new chemical method important to drug design, agrichemicals
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/28/2017)... PUNE, India , March 28, 2017 ... (Analog, IP, Biometrics), Hardware (Camera, Monitors, Servers, Storage Devices), ... Maintenance), Vertical, and Region - Global Forecast to 2022", ... 30.37 Billion in 2016 and is projected to reach ... 15.4% between 2017 and 2022. The base year considered ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... DUBLIN , Mar 24, 2017 Research ... Vehicle Access System Market Analysis & Trends - Industry Forecast to ... ... poised to grow at a CAGR of around 15.1% over the ... This industry report analyzes the market estimates and forecasts for ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... 21, 2017   Neurotechnology , a provider ... today announced the release of the SentiVeillance ... improved facial recognition using up to 10 surveillance, ... computer. The new version uses deep neural-network-based facial ... it utilizes a Graphing Processing Unit (GPU) for ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:4/26/2017)... ... April 26, 2017 , ... WonderWorks, Myrtle Beach’s ... showcase the future of deep space exploration and inspire space enthusiasts. The exhibit ... and includes a guest appearance by former Shuttle Astronaut Don Thomas. , The ...
(Date:4/26/2017)... ... April 25, 2017 , ... LABS, Inc. (LABS) announced ... added to its extensive test menu: Nucleic Acid Testing (NAT) for ZIKV; and Enzyme ... only able to offer NAT screening for blood donors under an Investigational New Drug ...
(Date:4/26/2017)... ... April 26, 2017 , ... NextSteps 2017, NetDimensions’ annual global ... this May on the following dates: , ?    London, UK from May 10-11, ... Learning and Performance Institute will be the opening keynote speaker at the ...
(Date:4/26/2017)... , April 26, 2017  Genisphere LLC, ... platform, has signed a collaborative and sponsored research ... Silvia Muro . The overall goal of ... pharmacodynamics of various 3DNA designs and formulations after ... targeting diseases of the vasculature as well as ...
Breaking Biology Technology: