Navigation Links
Amber specimen captures ancient chemical battle
Date:8/29/2007

at this type of defense has been preserved through 100 million years of evolution is evidence that it works pretty well.

At the time of this event in the Early Cretaceous Period, huge animals such as dinosaurs still dominated the Earth, but scurrying beneath them were early mammals and large numbers of terrestrial invertebrates, such as these insects. Soldier beetles, then as now, were omnivores that lived on things like aphids, other tiny insects or plant pollen. Among other things, this finding pushes back the known existence of this type of beetle by about 60 million years. And at that distant time, they had already evolved ways to defend themselves.

This beetle was able to exude a sticky chemical substance that was irritating to potential predators, and caused them to go away or leave it alone, Poinar said. It could even conserve its excretions and control the direction of the defense; in other words, produce the substance only on its left rear side if that was where the attack was coming from.

Building on these types of early defense mechanisms, Poinar said, modern insects now have a wide range of defensive chemical arsenals things that are distasteful, nauseating or caustic, from chemicals such as phenols, aldehydes and ketones. Some contemporary soldier beetles can produce types of carboxylic acid, as well as triglycerides and glyceride esters.

In insects, these types of defensive mechanisms are often a key to their survival.

Amber provides a unique mechanism to preserve specimens such as this. Beginning as viscous sap from certain kinds of trees, it can trap small animals or other materials, acts as a natural embalming agent, and eventually can turn into a semi-precious stone that displays these ancient life forms in nearly perfect, three-dimensional form. The phenomena has been invaluable in scientific and other ecological research, allowing experts to help re-create more accurate pictures of ancient ecosystems
'/>"/>

Contact: George Poinar
poinarg@science.oregonstate.edu
541-752-0917
Oregon State University
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Amber reveals ecology of 30 million year old spiders
2. Science captures the essence of fruit
3. WWF captures first-ever photo of wild rhino on Borneo
4. Triple threat polymer captures and releases
5. MITs ocean model captures diversity of underwater forests
6. Envisat captures first image of Sargassum from space
7. Ancient olfaction protein is shared by many bugs, offering new pest control target
8. Researchers find missing genes of ancient organism
9. Family trees of ancient bacteria reveal evolutionary moves
10. Scientists find fossil proof of Egypts ancient climate
11. U-M team recovers ancient whale in Egyptian desert
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/15/2014)... Biologists at UC San Diego have succeeded in ... hormone responsible for growth and resistance to drought. ... studies to determine how the hormone helps plants ... by the continuing increase in the atmosphere,s carbon ... achievement appears in the April 15 issue of ...
(Date:4/15/2014)... Looking at the question of how social behavior has ... universities in Mainz and Basel have gained new insights ... simply compete for food. Rather the siblings share what ... absent," explained Dr. Jol Meunier of the Evolutionary Biology ... University of Mainz (JGU). The team of biologists from ...
(Date:4/15/2014)... (April 15, 2014) The American Association of Anatomists ... All awards will be presented during the Closing ... Hotel on Tuesday, April 29th at 7:30 p.m. during ... , The 2014 award winners are: , ... PhD, of the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Biologists develop nanosensors to visualize movements and distribution of plant hormone 2Sibling cooperation in earwig families gives clues to early evolution of social behavior 2American Association of Anatomists 2014 award winners 2
... Spanish scientists have analysed the temperature and salt levels of ... the evolution of each variable. Their research shows that, since ... hotter and saltier, and that, since the 1990s, this process ... deep layer of the Western Mediterranean increases by 0.002C, and ...
... Miami (UM) has been selected to receive a $1.4 ... to strengthen the UM undergraduate science education program. The ... will use the resources to help attract first-generation college ... sciences to pursue careers in science. , "HHMI ...
... of Oxford and Royal Holloway University of London have discovered that ... works best if applied to young plants and is enhanced by ... (20 May) in the open-access journal PLoS Pathogens . ... is a common method for controlling a variety of insect ...
Cached Biology News:Temperature and salt levels of the Western Mediterranean are on the increase 2UM receives 5th consecutive Howard Hughes Medical Institute grant for science education 2Study uncovers optimal ecology of bioinsecticide 2
(Date:1/15/2014)... January 15, 2014 This webinar ... on nonclinical and clinical safety assessment in biosimilars. ... guide a path for biosimilar drug development, however ... of biosimilarity with regards to quality, safety and ... of biosimilar drug development and registration, development strategies ...
(Date:1/15/2014)... NC (PRWEB) January 15, 2014 ... an enhancement to its Online Web Portal for Life ... now have the ability to specify the subject matter ... nearly 50 life science sub-domains. This will help reduce ... and scientific fields, and decrease the likelihood of error. ...
(Date:1/14/2014)... Doylestown, PA (PRWEB) January 14, 2014 ... – 11 p.m. , Location: Warrington Country Club, 1360 ... Hepatitis B Foundation, the only national nonprofit organization solely ... improving the quality of life for those affected worldwide, ... 11 at Warrington Country Club in Warrington, Pa. ...
(Date:1/14/2014)... York, NY (PRWEB) January 14, 2014 ... initiated coverage of Alliqua, Inc. (OTCQB: ALQA). Alliqua ... and marketing proprietary products to serve the wound ... , In late 2012, Alliqua was restructured ... launched the company’s new strategy to become a ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Xtalks Life Sciences Webinar Examines Safety Assessment of Biosimilars 2DTS Improves Efficiency for Life Science Document Translations 2Hepatitis B Foundation to Host Annual Crystal Ball Gala 2EquitiesIQ Initiates Coverage of Alliqua, Inc. 2EquitiesIQ Initiates Coverage of Alliqua, Inc. 3
... BioSpecifics Technologies Corp. (OTC Bulletin Board: BSTC), a ... today announced that it has received notification from The ... been approved for listing on the NASDAQ Global Market. ... 2009 on NASDAQ at market open under the symbol ...
... 6 /PRNewswire-FirstCall/ - SemBioSys Genetics Inc. (TSX:SBS), a ... today announced it has received US$2,500,000 from MannKind ... the option agreement and issuance of 2,400,000 units ... The transaction provides MannKind with the option to ...
... Star Scientific (Nasdaq :STSI) announced today that its ... its Star Tobacco, Inc. subsidiary, recently completed a ... dissolvable smokeless tobacco to relieve cigarette withdrawal symptoms ... (NRT). The study, which included 49 cigarette smokers, ...
Cached Biology Technology:BioSpecifics Technologies Corp. Announces Listing on NASDAQ Global Market 2SemBioSys receives US$2.5 million from option agreement with MannKind for plant-produced insulin 2SemBioSys receives US$2.5 million from option agreement with MannKind for plant-produced insulin 3Star Scientific Announces Successful Completion of Product Satisfaction Study - Results Show Potential for Development and Manufacturing of New Pharmaceutical Product for Smoking and Smokeless Tobacco Cessation 2Star Scientific Announces Successful Completion of Product Satisfaction Study - Results Show Potential for Development and Manufacturing of New Pharmaceutical Product for Smoking and Smokeless Tobacco Cessation 3Star Scientific Announces Successful Completion of Product Satisfaction Study - Results Show Potential for Development and Manufacturing of New Pharmaceutical Product for Smoking and Smokeless Tobacco Cessation 4
...
Rabbit polyclonal antibody to NMDA NR2B [Tyr1336]...
ImmunoPure Plus Immobilized Protein G, , , , Support: Cross-linked 6%, beaded agarose , Capacity: > 20 mg human IgG/ml of gel ...
Mouse monoclonal antibody to FMN2 - formin 2...
Biology Products: