Navigation Links
Additives meant to protect vitamin C actually cause more harm
Date:9/28/2011

WEST LAFAYETTE, Ind. - Anti-caking agents in powdered products may hasten degradation of vitamin C instead of doing what they are supposed to do: protect the nutrient from moisture.

Lisa Mauer, a Purdue University professor of food science; Lynne Taylor, a professor of industrial and physical pharmacy; and graduate student Rebecca Lipasek study deliquescence, a reaction in which humidity causes a crystalline solid to dissolve. They wanted to understand how anti-caking agents protect substances such as vitamin C from humidity.

In Mauer's laboratory, different anti-caking agents were blended with powdered sodium ascorbate, a common form of vitamin C, and were exposed to different relative humidities. Normally, sodium ascorbate deliquesces, or dissolves, at 86 percent relative humidity and is stable below that level. Some anti-caking agents, however, caused the degradation to begin at lower humidity levels.

"The additives that the food industry puts in to make these powders more stable didn't help the vitamin C, and in some cases actually made things worse," Lipasek said.

Once vitamin C changes chemically, it no longer holds its nutritional value.

The findings suggest that foods made with powdered vitamin C may lose the vitamin's nutrients at a lower humidity than once thought. The team's findings were published in the current issue of the Journal of Food Science.

A variety of anti-caking agents were studied.

"Some of the agents act like little raincoats, covering the particles and protecting them from moisture. Others will absorb the water themselves, keeping it away from the vitamin C particles," Mauer said. "I really thought some of those anti-caking agents would help, but they didn't."

The problem, according to the research, is the chemical properties of the anti-caking agents themselves.

The water-repellent agents, which act like raincoats, are mobile, Lipasek said. When they move around, they clump together and leave some of the vitamin C uncovered. When that happens, moisture is able to reach and degrade the exposed vitamin C.

The moisture-absorbing agents, which absorb the water at a lower humidity than vitamin C, may be absorbing so much moisture that they become saturated. When that occurs, Mauer said, the pH level around the vitamin C can change, or water can move and interact with the vitamin C. Both of these scenarios could lead to further reactions that lower the humidity at which vitamin C deliquesces and changes from solid to liquid. Once the vitamin C dissolves, it is unstable.

Next, Mauer and Lipasek plan to test more complex blends that contain more ingredients along with vitamin C. They also plan to determine how much water is necessary to destabilize vitamin C and how temperature affects the destabilization of vitamin C with anti-caking agents.


'/>"/>

Contact: Brian Wallheimer
bwallhei@purdue.edu
765-496-2050
Purdue University
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Parents feel shock, anxiety and the need to protect children with genital ambiguity
2. Using bone marrow to protect the brain
3. Study in underwater laboratory may help manage seaweed-eating fish that protect coral
4. Cellular metabolism self-adapts to protect against free radicals
5. Dendritic cells in liver protect against acetaminophen toxicity
6. Preserving 4 percent of the ocean could protect most marine mammal species, study finds
7. Protecting cells
8. Melanins trick for maintaining radioprotection studied
9. Penn study shows an ancient crop effective in protecting against a 21st century hazard
10. Ongoing global biodiversity loss unstoppable with protected areas alone: Study
11. NOAA, Bermuda partner to protect humpback whales in the North Atlantic
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/30/2017)... March 30, 2017  On April 6-7, 2017, Sequencing.com ... Genome hackathon at Microsoft,s headquarters in ... will focus on developing health and wellness apps that ... Hack the Genome is the first hackathon for ... world,s largest companies in the genomics, tech and health ...
(Date:3/28/2017)... , March 28, 2017 ... Biometrics), Hardware (Camera, Monitors, Servers, Storage Devices), Software (Video ... and Region - Global Forecast to 2022", published by ... in 2016 and is projected to reach USD 75.64 ... 2017 and 2022. The base year considered for the ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... 23, 2017 The report "Gesture Recognition and Touchless Sensing ... Geography - Global Forecast to 2022", published by MarketsandMarkets, the market is expected ... 29.63% between 2017 and 2022. Continue Reading ... ... ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:8/15/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... August 15, 2017 , ... ... encrypted shopping cart. Now mobile responsive, the new website makes it easy to ... anywhere in between. Users can now find detailed product information, educational industry content ...
(Date:8/14/2017)... New York, NY (PRWEB) , ... August 14, 2017 , ... ... Mobile in Clinical Trials event, which will take place on September 6, 2017 ... Daniel Karlin, MD , Head of Experimental Medicine, Informatics, and Regulatory Strategy, Pfizer ...
(Date:8/11/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Algenist continues to disrupt the skincare industry with today’s debut ... , Collagen is the key structural element skin needs to maintain its youthful appearance ... First to market with proprietary collagen water active , ...
(Date:8/10/2017)... ... August 09, 2017 , ... ... next week-- as students. From August 14th through the 16th, the University City ... debuted in the summer of 2016, provides Philadelphia-based middle school educators an opportunity ...
Breaking Biology Technology: