Navigation Links
Adaptation in mole blood aids tunnelling
Date:7/19/2010

'Super hemoglobin' allows moles to thrive underground. Researchers writing in the open access journal BMC Evolutionary Biology have made the first identification of an adaptation in the blood of Eastern moles which allows more efficient transport of carbon dioxide, facilitating the moles' burrowing behavior.

Kevin Campbell from the University of Manitoba, Canada, worked with a team of researchers to study the blood of three underground species of North American moles. He said, "Unlike terrestrial animals, moles are routinely exposed to conditions of low oxygen and high carbon dioxide. Burrowing is difficult in itself, but is made even more challenging by the requirement to re-breathe their own expired air. We've found that one species, the Eastern mole, appears to be uniquely adapted to underground life through the evolution of a special kind of hemoglobin in their blood that greatly enhances its carbon dioxide carrying capacity".

The researchers determined the genetic code for different hemoglobin components in the three mole species and measured how well these components bind to their usual target molecules. They also tested the oxygen binding properties of whole blood samples. Speaking about the results, Campbell said, "It has been speculated that the main mechanism for the moles adaptation to subterranean life revolves around the molecule 2,3-diphosphoglycerate, or DPG, that modulates hemoglobin's oxygen binding inside the blood cells. However, in the hemoglobin of the eastern mole, the key sites which would normally bind DPG are deleted, thereby allowing for the binding of additional carbon dioxide molecules".

Adds co-author Roy Weber, University of Aarhus, Denmark, "It would be interesting to see if the hemoglobins of other burrowing species exhibit comparable specializations". The team envisions that this line of research could lead to the development of improved artificial human blood substitutes with specially engineered properties.


'/>"/>

Contact: Graeme Baldwin
graeme.baldwin@biomedcentral.com
44-203-192-2165
BioMed Central
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Genetic adaptations key to microbes survival in challenging environment
2. Scripps Florida scientists show lifeless prions capable of evolutionary change and adaptation
3. Experiential learning teaches change and adaptation
4. Phylogenetic analysis of Mexican cave scorpions suggests adaptation to caves is reversable
5. Adaptation is (not) in the eye of the beholder
6. Scientist plans to test for blood pressure genes affected by age
7. Discovery of natural compounds that could slow blood vessel growth
8. New blood test for Down syndrome
9. On the trail of a targeted therapy for blood cancers
10. Lower your blood pressure, hydrate your skin and reduce dental plaque -- with chocolate?
11. Building the blood-brain barrier
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/14/2016)... Allemagne, March 14, 2016 ... - --> - Renvoi : image disponible ... --> --> DERMALOG, ... fournit de nouveaux lecteurs d,empreintes digitales pour l,enregistrement ... DERMALOG sera utilisé pour produire des cartes d,identité ...
(Date:3/11/2016)... 2016 --> ... "Image Recognition Market by Technology (Pattern Recognition), by Component ... Deployment Type (On-Premises and Cloud), by Industry Vertical and ... MarketsandMarkets, the global market is expected to grow from ... by 2020, at a CAGR of 19.1%. ...
(Date:3/10/2016)... BELL, Pa. , March 10, 2016   Unisys ... U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) is testing its ... San Diego to help identify certain ... States . The test, designed to help determine the ... pedestrian environment, began in February and will run until May ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/2/2016)... YORK , May 2, 2016 ... announces that its technology partner Mannin Research Inc. will ... Ophthalmology (ARVO), which takes place from May 1-5, 2016 ... executives will be meeting with its vendors and research ... explore business development goals and other collaborative opportunities for ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... 30, 2016 , ... The MIT bioLogic design team has won multiple ... bacterial properties can be applied to fabric and formed into living interfaces between body ... to humidity change. The team harvested Natto cells and applied them to fabric with ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... April 29, 2016 , ... During a two day ... a viable company, CereScan’s CEO, John Kelley, joined other Denver business leaders in ... mentor in the Denver area business community, shared his top fundamental learnings in ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... , April 28, 2016 The ... and Brayton Cryocoolers), Service (Technical Support, Product Repairs & ... - Global Forecast to 2022", published by MarketsandMarkets, the ... Billion by 2022, at a CAGR of 7.29% between ... data Tables and 94 Figures spread through 159 Pages ...
Breaking Biology Technology: