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Acoustical Meeting, Nov. 10-14, 2008 in Miami, Florida
Date:11/5/2008

emotionally-significant sounds such as the cries of babies. Nina Kraus will describe a series of studies using electrodes placed on the scalp in which the neural transcription of music, and subtle changes in the nervous system, could be examined in detail.

"The cross-domain transfer from music to speech," says Kraus, "strengthens the case for keeping and enhancing music education in schools."

For example, her work has shown that some poor readers demonstrate a diminished neural transcription of those very sound elements important in reading. These readers don't suffer from a general disruption of neural transcription. Instead the problem lies in those particular transcriptions -- such as having a good sense of timing and of timbre --which are important for hearing and understanding speech sounds, and which are enhanced in musicians. The implications are that musical experience may enhance everyday listening situations and possibly help ameliorate language problems such as dyslexia. (http://www.brainvolts.northwestern.edu).

The talk "Dynamic encoding of pitch, timing, and timbre" (2aMU1) by Nina Kraus is at 8:35 a.m. on Tuesday, November 11.


5) SAVING MANATEES FROM BOAT COLLISIONS

Last year, 73 manatees were killed in Florida when they were struck by boats. In 2006, boats plying Florida's bays and inland waterways killed 69 of the large mammals, which are typically 10 feet long and weigh upwards of 800 pounds. The standing response of marine authorities to deaths from boat collisions has been to impose low speed limits on boats. However, after more than a decade of slow speed regulations, the number of manatee mortalities and injuries from boats has still increased to record highs.

In an effort to reduce the manatee deaths and injuries, Edmund Gerstein, director of marine mammal research and behavior at Florida Atlantic University in Boca
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Contact: Jason Bardi
jbardi@aip.org
301-209-3091
American Institute of Physics
Source:Eurekalert

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