Navigation Links
Acculturation affects smoking cessation success among Latinos

PHILADELPHIA Less acculturated Latino men have a more difficult time quitting smoking than those who are more acculturated to U.S. culture, but acculturation has no affect on Latinas odds of quitting smoking. Details of these findings are published in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research. The December issue has a special focus on tobacco.

"Acculturation affects smoking cessation differently for Latino men and women," said researcher Yessenia Castro, Ph.D., a postdoctoral fellow in the Department of Health Disparities Research at the University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center.

"It is critical that tobacco control efforts place special emphasis on reaching these underserved populations such as Latino smokers, particularly given the fact that Latinos are the largest and fastest growing population group in the United States," she added.

Acculturation is the process of change that occurs when someone from one culture has prolonged contact and interaction with another culture and adapts to that culture's lifestyle. While studies to date have shown that acculturation and gender both influence smoking prevalence rates in Latinos, little is known about their effects on smoking cessation.

Castro and colleagues examined the relationship between acculturation and smoking cessation among 271 Latino smokers from Texas and whether the effects of acculturation are the same for men and women. Participants were mostly immigrants to the United States.

More common indicators of acculturation, such as duration of exposure to U.S. society and preference for the English language, were positively related to smoking cessation among men; none of these variables influenced smoking cessation among women, according to the study.

Smoking abstinence three months after receiving cessation services increased for Latino men with the amount of time they spent in the United States and among those who had a greater preference for the English language. For both genders, the odds of abstaining from smoking overall were greater for U.S.-born Latinos compared to Latino immigrants.

"Our data highlight the need for additional research on Latino smokers and how to best help them quit," said Castro. "Advancing knowledge in these areas can help identify treatment targets, improve current smoking cessation interventions and ultimately aid in eliminating smoking-related health disparities among Latinos. This information can be used to guide tobacco control efforts and media campaigns."

Future research should address why acculturation affects Latinos' smoking cessation and if acculturation exerts a direct influence on smoking or other variables that are important to smoking cessation, Castro suggested.


Contact: Tara Yates
American Association for Cancer Research

Related biology news :

1. Gender, coupled with diabetes, affects vascular disease development
2. Restless legs syndrome affects nearly 2 percent of US/UK children
3. Gene dose affects tumor growth
4. Study finds pitching mound height affects throwing motion, injury risk
5. T-cadherin affects blood vessel growth in breast cancer, hormone from fat cells may play a role
6. How what and how much we eat (and drink) affects our risk of cancer
7. Saving face with a baby-face? Shape of CEOs face affects public perception
8. Scientists learn how food affects the brain
9. Decline in Alaskan sea otters affects bald eagles diet
10. UC Riverside scientist to explore how vegetation affects urban heat islands
11. Eating eggs when pregnant affects breast cancer in offspring
Post Your Comments:
Related Image:
Acculturation affects smoking cessation success among Latinos
(Date:9/30/2015)... , Sept. 30, 2015  With nearly 300,000 Americans ... of new SCIs estimated to reach 12,500 annually, the ... California Resource Services for Independent Living (SCRS-IL) is ... California opening doors to independence ... programs and services, notably assistive technology services and education. ...
(Date:9/29/2015)... 29, 2015 News facts: ... also saving energy , Minimized design shrinks PC ... Active Mode and embedded Fujitsu PalmSecure authentication enable enterprises ... Fujitsu today shows that good things come in small ... to its enterprise desktop and mobile portfolio. Featuring workplace ...
(Date:9/28/2015)... YORK , Sept. 28, 2015  The ... respiration rate and body temperature, is an essential ... can be indicators of deterioration in a patient,s ... hospital, vital signs are typically taken during routine ... hours. If a patient deteriorates between these observation ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:10/12/2015)... This report covers the global cell expansion ... applications, end-user markets and geographic segmentation. Forecasts are provided ... cell expansion market generated revenue of roughly $8.5 billion ... $9.7 billion in 2015 and $22.0 billion by 2020, ... from 2015 to 2020. This report provides: ...
(Date:10/12/2015)... Oct. 12, 2015  Patara Pharma, a clinical-stage ... inflammatory diseases and conditions, today announced the closing ... financing. Concurrent with the close of its sale ... Loan and Security Agreement with Silicon Valley Bank ... million. Patara will use the funds from the ...
(Date:10/12/2015)... ... October 12, 2015 , ... NeuMedics Inc., is a specialty biopharmaceutical company focused ... safely and chronically be administered as an eye drop, announced today it has been ... Clinic and taking place October 25th to October 28th at The Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, ...
(Date:10/9/2015)... ANNAPOLIS, Md. , Oct. 9, 2015 ... entered into the Congressional Record her statement recognizing the ... celebrated October 11-17. IPAW is sponsored by the ... companies, and is designed to:   , Raise ... contributions of plasma donors in saving and improving lives ...
Breaking Biology Technology: