WASHINGTON The National Academy of Sciences will honor 15 individuals with awards in recognition of their extraordinary scientific achievements in a wide range of fields spanning the physical, biological, and medical sciences. The recipients for 2014 are:
Richard B. Alley, Evan Pugh Professor at the Pennsylvania State University, is the recipient of the Arthur L. Day Prize and Lectureship. Alley is being honored for his innovative studies of the flow of ice sheets and ice streams, which have important implications for the stability of Earth's major ice masses in Antarctica and Greenland. He greatly enhanced the ability to date and interpret annual layers in ice cores and thus added precision to understanding of past variations in climate. Alley, who is widely noted for his speaking skills, is awarded $20,000 and funds to present a series of Day Lectures that will summarize and synthesize current knowledge in the field of ice dynamics and climate change. The Day Prize is awarded every three years to an individual who has made lasting contributions to knowledge of the physics of the Earth.
Marvin H. Caruthers, Distinguished Professor of Chemistry and Biochemistry at the University of Colorado, Boulder, is the recipient of the NAS Award in Chemical Sciences. Caruthers is being honored for his groundbreaking work on the chemical synthesis of DNA and RNA that made it possible to decode and encode genes and genomes. Supported by the Merck Company Foundation, the award and $15,000 prize honors innovative research in the chemical sciences that contributes to a better understanding of the natural sciences and to the benefit of humanity.
Garnet Kin-Lic Chan, A. Barton Hepburn Professor of Theoretical Chemistry at Princeton University, is the recipient of the William O. Baker Award for Initiatives in Research (formerly the NAS Award for Initiatives in Research) -- presented this year in the field of numerical simulations in condensed ma
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National Academy of Sciences