Navigation Links
AACR news: Six2 homeoprotein allows breast cancer cells to detach and metastasize

In results presented at the AACR Annual Meeting 2013, researchers from the University of Colorado Cancer Center show that the Six2 homeoprotein, while not involved in primary tumor growth, allows cells to detach from substrate and survive their transition through the bloodstream to faraway sites of metastasis.

"Here we show for the first time that Six2 causes breast cancer progression. It's this metastasis, especially to the lung, that can eventually be deadly and so perhaps even more so than affecting the size of the primary tumor, we are especially excited to present this new information about metastasis," says first author Chu-An Wang, PhD, postdoc in the lab of CU Cancer Center investigator Heide Ford, PhD, the paper's senior author.

The Six2 gene codes for a transcription factor that regulates cell growth needed in developing kidney tissues, but then silenced in the healthy, adult body. Some breast cancer cells have discovered a way to reactivate this Six2 gene, which allows them to survive detachment from their tissue of origin and the programmed cell death known as anoikis that makes most wandering cells self-destruct.

Wang and colleagues knocked down Six2 expression in breast cancer cells and showed that the cells' ability to metastasize in mouse models was much reduced. Interestingly, Six2 knockdown did nothing for the cells' ability to grow at the site of origin. Corroborating the claim of Six2's role in metastasis is its correlation with poor prognosis in human breast cancer tissues of 1881 samples examined from the GOBO database, the breast cancer tissues higher in Six2 were simply more aggressively metastatic.

"We're now working to discover Six2's target genes," Wang says. "For example, we hypothesize an effect on the expression of E-Cadherin, whose loss has been implicated in the metastatic potential of many cancers."


Contact: Garth Sundem
University of Colorado Denver

Page: 1

Related biology news :

1. AACR news: Paragazole excels in preclinical models of triple-negative breast cancer
2. REACH news: European ombudsman takes up PETA complaint
3. Good news: Fewer maternal and child deaths
4. More accurate, sensitive DNA test allows early identification of fungus causing WNS
5. Novel storage mechanism allows command, control of memory
6. A Spanish breakthrough allows the electroporation of cell cultures for less than 1 Euro
7. Long menopause allows killer whales to care for adult sons
8. How the cell swallows
9. Robot vision: Muscle-like action allows camera to mimic human eye movement
10. Not-so-precious: Stripping gold from AFM probes allows better measurement of picoscale forces
11. New technique allows simulation of noncrystalline materials
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/2/2015)... MENLO PARK, Calif. , Nov. 2, 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... to $9 million to provide preclinical development services to ... Under the contract, SRI will provide scientific expertise, modern ... a wide variety of preclinical pharmacology and toxicology studies ... --> --> The PREVENT Cancer Drug ...
(Date:10/29/2015)... , Oct. 29, 2015 Daon, a ... that it has released a new version of its ... in North America have already ... v4.0 also includes a FIDO UAF certified server ... already preparing to activate FIDO features. These customers include ...
(Date:10/29/2015)... 29, 2015 NXTD ) ... focused on the growing mobile commerce market and ... StackCommerce, a leading marketplace to discover and buy ... smart wallet on StackSocial for this holiday season. ... the "Company"), a biometric authentication company focused on ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:11/25/2015)... Md. , Nov. 25, 2015  PharmAthene, Inc. ... Directors has adopted a stockholder rights plan (Rights Plan) ... net operating loss carryforwards (NOLs) under Section 382 of ... --> PharmAthene,s use of its NOLs ... "ownership change" as defined in Section 382 of the ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... LOS ANGELES and HOLLISTON, Mass. ... Regenerative Technology, Inc. (Nasdaq: HART ), a biotechnology ... announced that CEO Jim McGorry will present ... Tuesday, December 1, 2015 at 2:30 p.m. PT. The ... (link below) for 30 days. Management will also be ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... A ... Black Aerospace Professionals (OPBAP) has been formalized with the signing of a Memorandum ... met with OPBAP leaders Capt. Karl Minter and Capt. Albert Glenn Tuesday, November ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... Jessica Richman and Zachary ... in their initial angel funding process. Now, they are paying it forward to ... early stage investments in the microbiome space. In this, they join other ...
Breaking Biology Technology: