Navigation Links
A trained palate: Understanding complexities of taste, smell could lead to improved diet
Date:5/30/2012

CORVALLIS, Ore. Researchers at Oregon State University have made some fundamental discoveries about how people taste, smell and detect flavor, and why they love some foods much more than others.

The findings could lead to the Holy Grail of nutrition helping people learn to really LIKE vegetables.

As an evolutionary survival mechanism, humans are wired to prefer sweet-tasting foods and avoid bitter substances. In the distant past, that helped us avoid poison and find food that provided energy. Now, it just makes us fat.

In several publications, the most recent in the journal Chemical Senses, scientists have outlined exactly how humans use the nose and tongue to recognize the flavor of foods that are safe to eat. When odor and taste components of foods are congruent, like vanilla and sugar, they are perceived as one sensation which seems to come from the mouth.

"This is a trick that the brain plays on us," said Juyun Lim, an OSU assistant professor of food science and technology. "Vanilla has no taste at all. It's a smell, and the pleasant sensation is coming not from your mouth but from the nose, through the passage way between the back of the mouth and the back of the nose."

When flavors are "incongruent" and not as commonly found together like vanilla and salt then people believe they are smelling vanilla from their nose rather than tasting it in the mouth.

"This was an amazing part of our experiments, we did not expect a result so compelling," Lim said. "There has been confusion for centuries about exactly how our senses of taste and smell work. We're finally starting to work this out."

There are actually several senses that relate to the perceived "flavor" of a food, Lim said. These include taste, which resides solely in the tongue; smell, which is exclusively in the nose; and somesthesis, which includes things like touch, temperature, and the burn of hot peppers. Even though the mou
'/>"/>

Contact: Juyun Lim
juyun.lim@oregonstate.edu
541-737-6507
Oregon State University
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Strained quantum dots show new optical properties
2. Trained bacteria convert bio-wastes into plastic
3. Cleft lip and palate: Genes more important than thought?
4. Hidden infections crucial to understanding, controlling disease outbreaks
5. Proteins in sperm unlock understanding of male infertility says new study
6. Caltech scientists engineer supersensitive receptor, gain better understanding of dopamine system
7. Understanding how oxidative stress impairs endothelial progenitor cell function
8. Stowers Institutes Linheng Li Lab expands understanding of bone marrow stem cell niche
9. New technique is quantum leap forward in understanding proteins
10. Understanding extinct microbes may influence the state of modern human health
11. Understanding phosphorus in soils is vital to proper management
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/23/2015)... 2015 SoundView Technology Group issues a new research ... ) Wocket smart wallet. SoundView was one of the selected user ... with the Wocket in multiple scenarios and outlets. ... other retailers, making both debit and credit card payments.  ... "If the company meets their plans in 2015, it would ...
(Date:3/20/2015)... DUBLIN , Mar. 20, 2015 Research ... announced the addition of the "India Sensors ... their offering. The sensor market is ... through 2020 Consumer electronics, automotive, industrial ... for sensors in the country. In addition, adoption ...
(Date:3/19/2015)... March 19, 2015  NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: NXTD ... on the growing mobile commerce market, announces its biometric payment ... clip that aired this week on Washington DC,s ... In a segment "The Next Great Thing", host ... way to pay, and ,a really big breakthrough in mobile ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Technology Research Note Update from SoundView; Real-World Usage and Feedback of Wocket Smart Wallet at CVS, Whole Foods and other Retailers 2Technology Research Note Update from SoundView; Real-World Usage and Feedback of Wocket Smart Wallet at CVS, Whole Foods and other Retailers 3Technology Research Note Update from SoundView; Real-World Usage and Feedback of Wocket Smart Wallet at CVS, Whole Foods and other Retailers 4India Sensors Market Forecast and Opportunities 2020 - STMicroelectronics held the largest share in 2014 2India Sensors Market Forecast and Opportunities 2020 - STMicroelectronics held the largest share in 2014 3NXT-ID's Wocket Smart Wallet Featured on Fox News Segment, "The Next Great Thing" 2NXT-ID's Wocket Smart Wallet Featured on Fox News Segment, "The Next Great Thing" 3
... TAMPA, Fla. (Nov. 19, 2012) In three studies published in ... of the National Academy of Inventors , innovators unveil creative ... of energy, and change our lives. Untapped energy in ... and in Florida,s ocean waves can be captured and used, said ...
... has applied for a patent for a genetically-engineered vaccine strategy ... body structures that are the first sites of contact with ... last a lifetime, the vaccine will lead to the continual ... system. Another feature of the vaccine system is that it ...
... with histonesthe proteins that package DNAregulate many fundamental cell activities ... or blood cells becoming leukemic. These interactions are governed by ... chemically modify histones signaling them to clamp down tighter on ... expressed. In the November 19, 2012, online ...
Cached Biology News:New energy technologies promise brighter future 2New energy technologies promise brighter future 3Texas Biomed files patent for a novel HIV vaccine strategy 2Fruit fly studies guide investigators to misregulated mechanism in human cancers 2Fruit fly studies guide investigators to misregulated mechanism in human cancers 3
(Date:4/23/2015)... Jose, California (PRWEB) April 23, 2015 ... Predictive diagnostics refer to a series of genetic ... as cystic fibrosis, Lou Gehrig's disease, Huntington's disease, ... in examining the gene composition and interaction in ... the disease as well as the response to ...
(Date:4/23/2015)... PA (PRWEB) April 23, 2015 ... it is the first EMC® Enterprise Content Division ... the entire EMC Documentum® for Life Sciences ... has proven knowledge and capabilities to provide life ... purpose-built solutions. , The EMC Documentum Solution ...
(Date:4/23/2015)... /PRNewswire/ - Crystal Research Associates, LLC announced today that ... (EIO) on Aeterna Zentaris Inc. (NASDAQ: AEZS ) (TSX: ... Research Associates, website at www.crystalra.com ... www.aezsinc.com . Aeterna Zentaris ("Aeterna" or "the ... oncology, endocrinology, and women,s health. With a focus on ...
(Date:4/22/2015)... -- Sangamo BioSciences, Inc. (NASDAQ: SGMO ) today reported ... For the first quarter ended March 31, 2015, ... or $0.08 per share, compared to a net loss ... same period in 2014. As of March 31, 2015, ... interest receivable of $226.1 million. Revenues for ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Increasing Disease Prevalence & Focus on Preventive Healthcare Drive the Predictive Diagnostics Market, According to a New Report by Global Industry Analysts, Inc. 2Increasing Disease Prevalence & Focus on Preventive Healthcare Drive the Predictive Diagnostics Market, According to a New Report by Global Industry Analysts, Inc. 3Glemser Earns Accreditation for Life Sciences Solution Suite 2Crystal Research Associates, LLC Issues Executive Informational Overview (EIO) on Aeterna Zentaris Inc. 2Crystal Research Associates, LLC Issues Executive Informational Overview (EIO) on Aeterna Zentaris Inc. 3Sangamo BioSciences Reports First Quarter 2015 Financial Results 2Sangamo BioSciences Reports First Quarter 2015 Financial Results 3Sangamo BioSciences Reports First Quarter 2015 Financial Results 4Sangamo BioSciences Reports First Quarter 2015 Financial Results 5Sangamo BioSciences Reports First Quarter 2015 Financial Results 6Sangamo BioSciences Reports First Quarter 2015 Financial Results 7Sangamo BioSciences Reports First Quarter 2015 Financial Results 8
... Hospital (TSH),Canada,s largest urban community hospital, has selected ... physicians. The,implementation of Chyma(TM) for their team of ... ER departments at the two hospital campuses and ... medicine., "Chyma(TM) reflects the commitment of the ...
... Mass., June 2 RainDance Technologies, Inc.,a ... health and,disease research, today announced the appointment ... effective immediately., "As RainDance solutions enter ... to establish our manufacturing and financial capabilities,",said ...
... announced the,release of a new and exciting module ... experience with different techniques and,alternative approaches to the ... The GYN module is the latest addition to ... Mentor, the world,s most advanced,laparoscopic surgery simulator. The ...
Cached Biology Technology:Canada's Largest Urban Community Hospital Chooses Chyma(TM) On-Call Physician Scheduling Technology 2RainDance Appoints Kelly Chief Operating Officer 2Simbionix Takes Non-Invasive GYN Surgical Training to the Next Level 2
Rat neural stem cell kits are intended for the in vitro growth and commitment to neuronal and glial lineage differentiation, of cultured fetal rat neural stem and progenitor cells expanded using FGF-...
MOUSE ANTI POLY (ADP-RIBOSE) Immunogen: Purified poly (ADP-ribose) polymer, 10-50 unit chain length...
Edited by D. Patel (1994) Comprehensive data on gel electrophoresis of proteins, nucleic acids, nucleoproteins and carbohydrates....
... Edited by John M. Walker ... highly successful analytical techniques for studying ... tested protocol contains detailed, step-by-step instruction, ... explanations and comprehensive lists of reagents ...
Biology Products: