Navigation Links
A new strategy required in the search for Alzheimer's drugs?
Date:5/24/2013

In the search for medication against Alzheimer's disease, scientists have focused among other factors on drugs that can break down Amyloid beta (A-beta). After all, it is the accumulation of A-beta that causes the known plaques in the brains of Alzheimer's patients. Starting point for the formation of A-beta is APP. Alessia Soldano and Bassem Hassan (VIB/KU Leuven) were the first to unravel the function of APPL the fruit-fly version of APP in the brain of healthy fruit flies.

Alessia Soldano (VIB/KU Leuven): "We have discovered that APPL ensures that brain cells form a good network. We now have to ask ourselves the question whether this function of APPL is also relevant to Alzheimer's disease."

Bassem Hassan (VIB/KU Leuven): "Since we show that APP and APPL show similar activities in cultured cells, we suspect that APP in the human brain functions in the same manner as APPL in the brain of fruit flies. Hopefully we can use this to ask and eventually answer the question whether A-beta or APP itself is the better target for new drugs."

Plaques in the brain: cause or effect

The brain of a person with Alzheimer's disease is very recognizable due to the so-called plaques. A plaque is an accumulation of proteins that are primarily made up of Amyloid beta (A-beta), a small structure that splits off from the Amyloid Precursor Protein (APP). We have been dreaming for a long time of a drug that can break down A-beta, but we should be asking ourselves whether this is really the best strategy. After all, it is not yet clear whether the plaques are a cause or effect of Alzheimer's disease. In order to answer this question, it is important to determine the function of APP in healthy brains.

Optimum communication between brain cells

Alessia Soldano and Bassem Hassan study APPL, the fruit-fly version of APP. APPL is found throughout the fruit-fly brain, but primarily in the so-called alpha-beta neurons that are vital to learning processes and memory. The alpha-beta neurons must form functional axons for optimum functioning. Axons are tendrils projecting from the neuron, which are essential for communication between neurons. The VIB scientists had previously shown that APPL is important for memory in flies. Now, they have discovered that in the developing brain of a fruit fly APPL ensures that the axons are long enough and grow in the correct direction. APPL is therefore essential in the formation of a good network of neurons. The question is whether or not it is a good strategy to target a protein with such an important function in the brain in order to combat Alzheimer's disease.


'/>"/>

Contact: Sooike Stoops
sooike.stoops@vib.be
32-924-46611
VIB (the Flanders Institute for Biotechnology)
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. President, CEO Leppävuori, VTT: Finland should create a national bioeconomy strategy
2. Antitoxin strategy may help target other pathogens
3. Can you hear me now? New strategy discovered to prevent hearing loss
4. An economical, effective and biocompatible gene therapy strategy promotes cardiac repair
5. Coppers previously unknown exit strategy
6. New gene therapy strategy boosts levels of deficient protein in Friedreichs ataxia
7. US Navy defends renewable fuels strategy in Industrial Biotechnology Journal
8. Scientists uncover strategy able to dramatically reduce chemotherapys side effects
9. Limiting TV time -- Effective strategy for preventing weight gain in children
10. Rare cliffhanging plant species uses unique reproductive strategy
11. Texas Biomed files patent for a novel HIV vaccine strategy
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:11/21/2016)...   Neurotechnology , a provider of high-precision ... that the MegaMatcher On Card fingerprint matching algorithm ... NIST Minutiae Interoperability Exchange (MINEX) III ... of the evaluation protocol. The ... fingerprint templates used to establish compliance of template ...
(Date:11/15/2016)... 15, 2016  Synthetic Biologics, Inc. (NYSE MKT: ... on the gut microbiome, today announced the pricing ... of its common stock and warrants to purchase ... price to the public of $1.00 per share ... from the offering, excluding the proceeds, if any ...
(Date:6/22/2016)... 2016  The American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics ... as one of the fastest-growing trade shows during the ... Bellagio in Las Vegas . ... growth in each of the following categories: net square feet ... of attendees. The 2015 ACMG Annual Meeting was ranked 23 ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:11/30/2016)... 30, 2016  The Allen Institute for Cell ... first publicly available collection of gene edited, fluorescently ... key cellular structures with unprecedented clarity. Distributed through ... tools are a crucial first step toward visualizing ... what makes human cells healthy and what goes ...
(Date:11/30/2016)... Nov. 30, 2016  Tempus, a technology company ... and Penn,s Abramson Cancer Center have partnered to ... response to immunotherapy treatment based on next generation ... part of a research collaboration, Tempus will provide ... cancer patient data to Penn. Utilizing next-generation sequencing, ...
(Date:11/30/2016)... 2016   Merck , ein führendes ... einer Reihe von Vereinbarungen mit Evotec AG ... Screeningleistungen für Mercks Palette genetischer Reagenzien wie ... diese Bibliotheken in Kombination mit Evotecs Expertise ... zur Ermittlung und Erforschung neuer Arzneimitteltargets.    ...
(Date:11/30/2016)... BILLERICA, Mass. , Nov. 30, 2016   ... announced that it has entered into a set of ... screening services for Merck,s collection of genetic reagents such ... libraries with Evotec,s screening expertise offers an accelerated pathway ... "Drug discovery starts with the identification of new targets, ...
Breaking Biology Technology: