Navigation Links
A new line of defense: Researchers find cattle vaccine works to reduce E. coli O157:H7
Date:8/6/2012

MANHATTAN, KAN. -- A commercial vaccine for cattle can effectively reduce levels of E. coli by more than 50 percent, a Kansas State University study has found. The vaccine is also effective using two doses instead of the recommended three doses, which can help cut costs for the beef industry.

David Renter, associate professor of epidemiology, is the principal investigator on a project that researched the effectiveness of products used to prevent the shedding of E. coli O157:H7 in cattle. The research appears in a recent online version of the journal Vaccine and helps improve current preventative methods for addressing food safety concerns.

While E. coli O157:H7 does not affect cattle, it causes foodborne disease in humans. Vaccines and other products may be given to cattle to help prevent the spread of the bacteria.

"We wanted to test how well these products work to control E. coli O157:H7 in a commercial feedlot with a large population of cattle that were fed in the summer and may be expected to have a high level of E. coli O157:H7," Renter said.

Other Kansas State University researchers involved include T.G. Nagaraja, university distinguished professor of microbiology; Nora Bello, assistant professor of statistics; Charley Cull, doctoral student in pathobiology, Oakland, Neb.; and Zachary Paddock, doctoral student in pathobiology, Manhattan, Kan. Abram Babcock, an August 2010 Kansas State University doctoral graduate, also was involved in the research.

Using a commercial feedlot setting, the researchers studied more than 17,000 cattle during an 85-day period. They studied two products: a vaccine and a low-dose direct-fed microbial.

"What's unique about this study is the number of animals we used, the research setting and that we used commercial products in the way that any cattle producer could use them," Renter said. "We didn't want it to be any different than the way somebody would use the products in a commercial feedlot."

The researchers found that the vaccine reduced the number of cattle that were shedding E. coli O157:H7 in feces by more than 50 percent. E. coli shedding was reduced by more than 75 percent among cattle that were high shedders of E. coli. While the vaccine label suggests that it is given in three doses, the researchers found that two doses of the vaccine significantly reduced E. coli.

"Showing that level of efficacy with two doses is really important because a shift to two doses from three could significantly cut costs for the beef industry," Renter said. "In terms of logistics, it can be difficult for commercial feedlot production systems to vaccinate animals three times. Both of these benefits help when considering how the vaccine can be adopted and implemented in the industry."

The researchers also discovered that the low-dose direct-fed microbial product did not work as well as the vaccine. Renter said while the study used a lower dose of the direct-fed microbial and could find no evidence that it reduced E. coli shredding, it is possible that the direct-fed microbial product is more effective at a higher dose.

"This vaccine is an option for reducing E. coli," Renter said. "We have shown that this vaccine works and that it is a tool that could be adopted in the industry."


'/>"/>
Contact: David Renter
drenter@k-state.edu
785-532-4801
Kansas State University
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Iowa State, Ames Lab researchers invent new tool to study single biological molecules
2. Wayne State researchers working to improve genetic analysis, disorder detection
3. Superbird stuns researchers
4. Massachusetts Eye and Ear researchers discover elusive gene that causes a form of blindness from birth
5. Researchers monitor red tides in Chesapeake Bay
6. BUSM researchers find link between childhood abuse and age at menarche
7. Researchers dig through the gene bank to uncover the roots of the evolutionary tree
8. Researchers find new gene mutation associated with congenital myopathy
9. NASA and university researchers find a clue to how life turned left
10. To understand childhood obesity, researchers look to inactive, fat rats
11. Researchers study knee stress at tissue, cellular levels
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/3/2016)... 2016 --> --> Fourth ... (105.0), up 1,187% compared with fourth quarter of 2014. Gross ... M (loss: 30.0). Earnings per share increased to SEK 6.39 ... M (neg: 74.7). , --> ... SEK 2,900.5 M (233.6), up 1,142% compared with 2014. Gross ...
(Date:2/3/2016)... , Feb. 3, 2016 ... the addition of the "Emotion Detection ... Machine Learning, and Others), Software Tools (Facial ... Areas, End Users,and Regions - Global forecast ... --> http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/d8zjcd/emotion_detection ) has ...
(Date:2/2/2016)... 2, 2016 Checkpoint Inhibitors for Cancer ... Are you interested in the future of ... checkpoint inhibitors. Visiongain,s report gives those predictions to ... national level. Avoid falling behind in data ... and revenues those emerging cancer therapies can achieve. ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/5/2016)... 2016  In the pharmaceutical industry the medical affairs ... launch activities including the identification and engagement of key ... especially high in the oncology therapeutic area where most ... the Role of Medical Affairs in Oncology Launch Excellence ... therapies find better ways to utilize medical affairs to ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... -- Amarantus BioScience Holdings, Inc. ... products for Regenerative Medicine, Neurology and Orphan Diseases, announced ... from the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for ... granted orphan drug designation (ODD) by the US FDA ... Inc. (OTCQB: AMBS), a biotechnology company ...
(Date:2/4/2016)... ... February 04, 2016 , ... ... compliance training, today announced an interactive FDA compliance training course, ... (Regulatory Affairs Professional Society) accredited interactive course on Morf Playbook—now conveniently available on ...
(Date:2/4/2016)...  Sangamo BioSciences, Inc. (NASDAQ: SGMO ), the ... Edward Lanphier , Sangamo,s president and chief executive officer, ... ZFP Therapeutic ® development programs and an overview ... on Thursday, February 11, 2016, at the Leerink Partners ... is being held in New York ...
Breaking Biology Technology: