Navigation Links
A green solution to biofuel production
Date:7/7/2008

With the current drive towards production of alternative fuels from plant material, enzymes which can break down this material into useable compounds are required in industrial quantities and at a low cost. One group of scientists from Texas A&M University have come up with a solution: using plants to make the enzymes. Professor Zivko Nikolov, who leads the Bioseparations Lab, will describe their research on Monday 7th July at the Society for Experimental Biology's Annual Meeting in Marseille [Session P2].

Traditional methods of generating enzymes for biofuel production currently operate at over five times the target cost required to make the fuels financially competitive. By using plants which have been engineered to make the proteins, Professor Nikolov believes that the target can be met. His group, which has expertise in the development of economic processing techniques, have designed processing strategies which allow multiple products to be obtained from each crop, making the whole process more economically viable. "One of our projects focuses on producing cellulases, enzymes which can break down biomass, in maize seed. By carefully designing the processing chain, from a single crop of maize we can deliver oil that can be turned into biodiesel, cellulose that can be used to make other biofuels, and fibre and protein which can be used as animal feed, as well, of course as the enzymes themselves," he reveals. "These multiple products offset the outlay on the enzyme purification process, meaning we can make enzymes far more cost-effectively than is achievable using traditional fermentation methods, a result which we can also see in a similar sugarcane processing project."

In the 1990s there was much interest in using plants to make both industrial enzymes and pharmaceuticals, but in the last five years such industrial enzyme developments have gone out of fashion, largely due to production costs that simply weren't viable, combined with public unease. Now Professor Nikolov's group have brought this technology back into the picture. "The economic improvements that we have delivered to the processing pathway, combined with a greater public acceptance of transgenic plants, mean that we can now develop the full potential of this technology. This in turn will bring us a step closer to the vital challenge of generating cheap alternative fuels over the coming decades," he concludes.


'/>"/>

Contact: Holly Astley
hma25@cam.ac.uk
44-779-285-5259
Society for Experimental Biology
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology news :

1. Green tea boosts production of detox enzymes, rendering cancerous chemicals harmless
2. New study shows greenback cutthroat trout involved in recovery effort misidentified
3. American Chemical Society calls green chemistry bill a smart step
4. Salmon garnish points the way to green electronics
5. Using green chemistry to deliver cutting-edge drugs
6. Green skies: Engineers work may reduce jet travels role in global warming
7. A greenhouse in order to study the impact of climate change on plants
8. Green leather is in this season
9. Study involving more than 100 scientists provides new insights on green algae
10. Green alga genome project catalogs carbon capture machinery
11. Green algae -- the nexus of plant/animal ancestry
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
A green solution to biofuel production
(Date:5/6/2017)... 5, 2017 RAM Group , ... new breakthrough in biometric authentication based on a ... properties to perform biometric authentication. These new sensors are ... created by Ram Group and its partners. This sensor ... supply chains and security. Ram Group is a ...
(Date:4/13/2017)... UBM,s Advanced Design and Manufacturing event in ... and evolving technology through its 3D Printing and Smart ... the expo portion of the event and feature a ... on trending topics within 3D printing and smart manufacturing. ... will take place June 13-15, 2017 at the Jacob K. ...
(Date:4/11/2017)... NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ:   NXTD ) ... appointment of independent Directors Mr. Robin D. Richards ... Directors, furthering the company,s corporate governance and expertise. ... Gino Pereira , Chief Executive ... their guidance and benefiting from their considerable expertise as we ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:8/16/2017)... Ca (PRWEB) , ... August 16, 2017 , ... ... by changing into a different cell type. Many treatments for specific cancers, such ... prominent example of targeted treatment is androgen deprivation therapy for advanced prostate cancer. ...
(Date:8/16/2017)... Aug. 16, 2017  This year,s edition of the Inc. 5000 features ... sciences workforce solutions, has made the list for the third year in ... nation,s fastest-growing private companies based on a set of quantitative metrics. In ... the fastest-growing companies in the Bay State . ... Inc. 5000 ...
(Date:8/15/2017)... CA (PRWEB) , ... August 15, 2017 , ... ... pioneering graphene biosensors that accelerate pharmaceutical and biotherapeutics development, announces the launch of ... number of steps needed to gain kinetic binding data for a wide range ...
(Date:8/15/2017)... ... August 15, 2017 , ... The Conference Forum ... Immuno-Oncology 360° (IO360°) programming through a series of upcoming panels and events. The partnership ... 2018, at The Roosevelt Hotel in New York City. , “With our experience in ...
Breaking Biology Technology: