Navigation Links
A*STAR scientists make groundbreaking discovery on stem cell regulation
Date:3/1/2012

A*STAR scientists have for the first time, identified that precise regulation of polyamine levels is critical for embryonic stem cell (ESC) self-renewal the ability of ESCs to divide indefinitely and directed differentiation. This paper is crucial for better understanding of ESC regulation and was published in the journal Genes & Development on 1st March by the team of scientists from the Institute of Medical Biology (IMB), a research institute under the Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR).

Embryonic stem cells hold great potential for the development of cellular therapies, where stem cells are used to repair tissue damaged by disease or trauma. This is due to their unique ability to renew themselves and differentiate into any specific types of cell in the body. One of the challenges with cellular therapies is ensuring that ESCs are fully and efficiently differentiated into the correct cell type. This study sheds light on understanding how ESCs are regulated, which is essential to overcome these challenges and turn the vision of cell therapies into reality.

Using a mouse model, the team of scientists from IMB showed that high levels of Amd1 , a key enzyme in the polyamine synthesis pathway, is essential for maintenance of the ESC state and self renewal of ESCs. To further demonstrate the critical role of Amd1 in ESC self-renewal, the scientists showed that increasing Amd1 levels led to delayed ESC differentiation. The research also revealed that downregulation of Amd1 was necessary for differentiation of ESCs into neural precursor cells and that Amd1 is translationally regulated by a micro-RNA (miRNA), the first ever demonstration of miRNA-mediated regulation of the polyamine pathway.

While the polyamine pathway is well established and polyamines are known to be important in cancer and cell proliferation, their role in ESC regulation until now was unknown. This novel discovery, linking polyamine regulation to ESC biology, came about when the team set up a genome-wide screen to look for mRNAs under translational control in order to identify new regulators of ESC differentiation to neural precursor cells.

Dr Leah Vardy, Principle Investigator at the IMB and lead author of the paper, said, "The polyamines that Amd1 regulate have the potential to regulate many different aspects of self renewal and differentiation. The next step is to understand in more detail the molecular targets of these polyamines both in embryonic stem cells and cells differentiating to different cellular lineages. It is possible that manipulation of polyamine levels in embryonic stem cells through inhibitors or activators of the pathway could help direct the differentiation of embryonic stem cells to more clinically useful cell types."

Prof. Birgitte Lane, Executive Director of IMB, said, "This is a fine piece of fundamental research that will have breakthrough consequences in many areas and can bring about far-reaching applications. Developing cellular therapies is just one long-term clinical benefit of understanding ESC biology, which can also help develop stem cell systems for disease modeling, developing new drugs as well as a tool for researchers to answer other biological questions."


'/>"/>

Contact: Ong Siok Ming
ong_siok_ming@a-star.edu.sg
65-682-66254
Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), Singapore
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. A*STAR scientists first to identify stem cell key to lung regeneration
2. A*Star scientists discover how to combat hospital-acquired infections and life-threatening toxins
3. Agilent Technologies and A*STAR launch all-in-one drug screening platform
4. A*STAR scientists score hat-trick against cancer
5. Scripps Florida scientists awarded $3 million to develop new, more effective pain treatments
6. Scientists learn how insects remodel their bodies between life stages
7. UF scientists name new ancient camels from Panama Canal excavation
8. MU scientists study how to improve pesticide efficiency
9. Southern insect scientists to meet in Little Rock
10. Emerge attracts futurists to collaborate with scientists, designers artists is redesign of future
11. Geological Society of America member scientists, students, and colleagues meet in Texas
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/31/2016)... -- Genomics firm Nabsys has completed a financial  restructuring under ... M.D., who returned to the company in October 2015. ... including Chief Technology Officer, John Oliver , Ph.D., ... Vice President of Software and Informatics, Michael Kaiser ... Bready served as CEO of Nabsys from 2005-2014 and ...
(Date:3/23/2016)... 23, 2016 ... Gesichts- und Stimmerkennung mit Passwörtern     ... MESG ), ein führender Anbieter digitaler ... mit SpeechPro zusammenarbeitet, um erstmals dessen Biometrietechnologie ... die Möglichkeit angeboten, im Rahmen mobiler Apps ...
(Date:3/22/2016)... OTTAWA, Ontario , PROVO ... 2016 Newborn Screening Ontario (NSO), which operates ... for molecular testing, and Tute Genomics and ... process management technology respectively, today announced the launch of ... new next-generation sequencing (NGS) testing panel. ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:4/27/2016)... ... 27, 2016 , ... PathSensors, Inc., a leading environmental testing ... will assist PathSensors in expanding the use of the company’s CANARY® technology in ... platform for the detection of harmful pathogens, including a number of bacteria, viruses, ...
(Date:4/27/2016)... MIAMI (PRWEB) , ... April 27, 2016 , ... ... a mutual endorsement of an Asia-Pacific Symposium as other research and development initiatives for ... of Santiago officials and top Global Stem Cells Group executives began meeting to establish ...
(Date:4/26/2016)... ... April 27, 2016 , ... Cameron Cushman ... an associate in the firm’s Intellectual Property practice group. , Clients turn to ... applications. He has an electrical engineering and computer engineering background, and experience in ...
(Date:4/26/2016)... , ... April 26, 2016 , ... ... lithography systems, announces the latest technology innovation for its Volume Pattern Generator (VPG) ... demand for production of advanced photomasks as well as a solution for mid ...
Breaking Biology Technology: