Navigation Links
A 3-D light switch for the brain
Date:11/19/2012

Unlike the previous, 1-D versions of this light-emitting device, the new tool delivers light to the brain in three dimensions, opening the potential to explore entire circuits within the brain. So far, the 3-D version has been tested in mice, although Boyden and colleagues have used earlier optogenetic technologies with non-human primates as well.

Targeting neurons with light

One of the advantages of optogenetics is that this technology allows scientists to focus on one particular type of neuron without affecting other types of neurons in the same area of cortex. Probes that deliver electricity to the brain can manipulate neurons, but they cannot target individual kinds of cell, Boyden says. Drugs can turn neurons on or off as well, he continues, but not on such a quick time scale or with such a high degree of control. In contrast, the new 3-D array is precise enough to activate a single kind of neuron, at a precise location, with a single beam of light.

In an earlier incarnation, Boyden's device looked like a needle-thin probe with light-emitting ports along its length; this setup allowed scientists to manipulate neurons along a single line. The new tool contains up to a hundred of these probes in a square grid, which makes the device look like a series of fine-toothed combs laid next to each other with their teeth pointing in the same direction.

Each probe is just 150 microns across a little thicker than a human hair, and thin enough so that the device can be implanted at any depth in the cortex without damaging it. The brain lacks pain receptors, so the implants do not cause any discomfort to the brain itself. As in the earlier model, several light-emitting ports are located along the length of each probe. Scientists can illuminate and change the color of each light port independently from the others.

Adding a third dimension to the probe's light-delivery capabilities has allowed researchers to make any p
'/>"/>

Contact: Angela Stark
astark@osa.org
202-416-1443
Optical Society of America
Source:Eurekalert  

Page: 1 2 3 4

Related biology news :

1. New study shines light on barriers to diabetes care in NYC Bangladeshi community
2. EPA to highlight innovative ways to detect and respond to biological threats
3. Ancient whale species sheds new light on its modern relatives
4. Linking and lightening: New partnership connects and reveals dark data
5. AGU journal highlights for March 29, 2012
6. AGU journal highlights for April 16, 2012
7. Folding light: Wrinkles and twists boost power from solar panels
8. Light weights are just as good for building muscle, getting stronger, researchers find
9. Creating energy from light and air - new research on biofuel cells
10. IBNs Droplet Array sheds light on drug-resistant cancer stem cells
11. The music of the (hemi)spheres sheds new light on schizophrenia
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
A 3-D light switch for the brain
(Date:7/9/2015)... , July 9, 2015  Synaptics ... developer of human interface solutions, today announced ... industry,s first fully hardware encapsulated fingerprint sensor ... authentication technology is literally off the grid, ... biometric matching within the fingerprint sensor to ...
(Date:7/7/2015)... -- Research and Markets ( ... "Capacitive Fingerprint Sensors Patent Landscape" report ... fingerprint sensing technology is the most reliable and ... developed. This patent landscape focuses on fingerprint sensors ... of capacitive fingerprint sensors is closely linked to ...
(Date:7/2/2015)... , July 2, 2015 Fingerprint ... FPC1025, FPC1035, FPC1145 and FPC1155 from the distributor World Peace ... of FPC,s distributors in Asia . Deliveries ... The sensors will be used by smartphone manufacturers in ... is included in the communicated revenue guidance of approximately 2,200 ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Synaptics Announces World's First Match-in-Sensor Fingerprint Authentication Technology 2Synaptics Announces World's First Match-in-Sensor Fingerprint Authentication Technology 3Worldwide Capacitive Fingerprint Sensors Patent Landscape Market Report 2015-2020 - Main IP Holders include Seiko Epson, AuthenTec, Sony and STMicroelectronics 2FPC Receives Order for Touch Fingerprint Sensors of 268 MSEK 2
... release is available in Spanish . , Barcelona, ... been discovered that neutrophils exist in the spleen without there ... group on the Biology of B Cells of IMIM (Hospital ... Sinai in New York, has also made it possible to ...
... imaging technologies and their contrast agents chemicals used during ... exposure to radiation or heavy metals, which present potential health ... applied. In an effort to mitigate these drawbacks, new research ... an iron-based contrast agent so that it only interacts with ...
... Calif., December 23, 2011 John C. Reed, M.D., Ph.D., ... Institute (Sanford-Burnham), have been named as Fellows of the American ... AAAS Fellow is an honor bestowed upon AAAS members by ... announced today in the AAAS News & Notes section of ...
Cached Biology News:Discovered the existence of neutrophils in the spleen 2Penn engineers develop more effective MRI contrast agent for cancer detection 2Penn engineers develop more effective MRI contrast agent for cancer detection 3AAAS and Sanford-Burnham announce 2011 fellows 2
(Date:7/29/2015)... Sanofi, a global and ... quarter of 2015. CEO Olivier Brandicourt ... in different businesses. Watch video interview ... Topics covered in the interview include:  ... Performance drivers - Diabetes ...
(Date:7/29/2015)... 29, 2015 US-Australian drug discovery company, Novogen ... it is committed to progressing its ground-breaking technology platforms ... and to ensure the Company delivers the best value ... Iain Ross , said the Company currently had an ... programs, discovery programs and academic partnerships and initiatives, and ...
(Date:7/29/2015)... 2015  HealthSouth Corporation (NYSE: HLS ... post-acute healthcare services, offering both facility-based and home-based ... for the second quarter ended June 30, 2015. ... strong volume growth in both segments and an ... Grinney, President and Chief Executive Officer of HealthSouth. ...
(Date:7/29/2015)... 29, 2015 Research ... addition of the "Global Biosimilars Market, 2015 ... The Global Biosimilars Market, 2015 - 2025, ... growing biosimilars market. With the blockbuster biologics losing ... costs, biosimilars are being viewed as viable substitutes ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Newly Appointed Acting CEO Outlines Immediate Plans for Novogen 2Newly Appointed Acting CEO Outlines Immediate Plans for Novogen 3Newly Appointed Acting CEO Outlines Immediate Plans for Novogen 4Newly Appointed Acting CEO Outlines Immediate Plans for Novogen 5Newly Appointed Acting CEO Outlines Immediate Plans for Novogen 6Newly Appointed Acting CEO Outlines Immediate Plans for Novogen 7Newly Appointed Acting CEO Outlines Immediate Plans for Novogen 8Newly Appointed Acting CEO Outlines Immediate Plans for Novogen 9Newly Appointed Acting CEO Outlines Immediate Plans for Novogen 10HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 2HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 3HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 4HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 5HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 6HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 7HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 8HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 9HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 10HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 11HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 12HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 13HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 14HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 15HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 16HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 17HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 18HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 19HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 20HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 21HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 22HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 23HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 24HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 25HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 26HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 27
... , CALGARY and BLENHEIM, Ontario, Nov. 24 ... assets of Hyland Seeds, a division of Thompsons Limited of ... Dow AgroSciences, current seeds business as the company anticipates the ... and Dow AgroSciences Herbicide Tolerant Trait Technology in corn ...
... ... deCODE,genetics, Inc. (Nasdaq: DCGN ) today announced the approval of all of ... Delaware,(the "Bankruptcy Court"). deCODE last week filed a voluntary petition for,relief under ... The orders issued by the Bankruptcy Court allow ...
... , SEATTLE, Nov. 24 Blue Marble Energy Corp. ... Development Authority (OPDA) were recently awarded $2 million by ... private/public partnership to construct the state,s first specialty biochemical ... investment will significantly speed the development of our biorefinery ...
Cached Biology Technology:Dow AgroSciences Canada Announces Agreement to Acquire Hyland Seeds 2Dow AgroSciences Canada Announces Agreement to Acquire Hyland Seeds 3deCODE genetics, Inc. Announces Approval of First Day Motions by Bankruptcy Court 2deCODE genetics, Inc. Announces Approval of First Day Motions by Bankruptcy Court 3Blue Marble Energy, OPDA Awarded $2M by WA's Community Economic Revitalization Board 2
...
... GelSpin Kit utilizes a silica based spin filter ... electrophoresis, the desired DNA band is cut from ... spin filter unit. The gel slice is melted ... the DNA is bound to the silica spin ...
...
Our Histology, Immunohistochemistry and tissue arrays services include samples processing, different type of staning, histollogical stains, image analysis, tissue arrays, immunohistochemistry, etc....
Biology Products: