Navigation Links
A 21st century adaptation of the Miller-Urey origin of life experiments
Date:1/21/2014

Today, January 21, JoVE, the Journal of Visualized Experiments, published a modern approach to a famed experiment that explored one of the most intriguing research questions facing scientists todaythe origin of life on earth.

The protocol, titled Conducting Miller-Urey Experiments, is comprised of a modern and simplified approach to the method used by Dr. Stanley Miller and Dr. Harold Urey in 1953. Their research evaluated the possibility of organic compounds important for the origin of life to have been formed abiologically on early Earth.

"The results of this study showed that amino acids, the building blocks of life, could be formed under primitive Earth conditions," said Eric Parker of the original Miller-Urey Experiments. Parker is one of the researchers behind the simplified procedure, which he and his team developed at the Georgia Institute of Technology. Scientists from NASAone of whom, Jeffrey Bada, was once a student of Dr. Miller'sand the Tokyo Institute of Technology were also involved.

"Miller was hesitant to encourage people to repeat the experiment due to the risk of inducing an explosion," said Parker, explaining why his lab chose to publish their version of the experiment in JoVE's signature step-by-step video format. "Often times, after reading a methods description it may not be fully clear how a certain research task was carried out," he said, "...Therefore, this article was written to inform interested researchers how to conduct the experiment safely, in part, by giving precise instructions on evacuating [ignitable gasses like oxygen, methane and hydrogen from] the reaction apparatus before initiating the spark."

Despite these dangers, Parker said, there remains much interest among scientists to recreate the Miller-Urey experiment and to perform variations of it for testing new research ideas. He and his colleagues are preparing to publish a second article comparing their novel spark-discharge experimental results to original samples from the 1958 Miller-Urey cyanamide spark-discharge study that followed the landmark paper.

In the meantime, Parker and his colleagues hope that their JoVE video will encourage more research with Miller-Urey type experiments. Such efforts could help answer key questions in the origin of life field, such as which prebiotic conditions may have facilitated the synthesis of specific organic compounds believed to be important for life, Parker said.


'/>"/>

Contact: Rachel Greene
rachel.greene@jove.com
617-250-8451
The Journal of Visualized Experiments
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology news :

1. 17th century Dutch explorers help the Atlas reach a major milestone -- 30 million records
2. lobSTR algorithm rolls DNA fingerprinting into 21st century
3. Mercury rising: Greater L.A. to heat up an average 4 to 5 degrees by mid-century
4. Wallaces century-old map of natural world updated
5. Urban metabolism for the urban century
6. A*STAR scientists solve century-old mystery by finding stable haploid strains of Candida albicans
7. Personalized health care will revolutionize 21st century medicine, says NJIT professor
8. Walking in the footsteps of 19th and 20th century naturalists
9. First update in a century in testing drugs for elemental impurities
10. New data reveals that the average height of European males has grown by 11cm in just over a century
11. UMMS researchers answer century old question about 3D structure of mitotic chromosomes
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
A 21st century adaptation of the Miller-Urey origin of life experiments
(Date:12/15/2016)... , Dec. 14, 2016 "Increase in ... biometrics market" The mobile biometrics market is expected to ... 49.33 billion by 2022, at a CAGR of 29.3% ... factors such as the growing demand for smart devices, ... transactions. "Software component is expected to grow ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... According to a new market research report "Emotion Detection and Recognition Market ... Application Area, End User, And Region - Global Forecast to 2021", published by ... 2016 to USD 36.07 Billion by 2021, at a Compound Annual Growth Rate ... ... MarketsandMarkets Logo ...
(Date:12/6/2016)... Dec. 6, 2016  Zimmer Biomet Holdings, Inc. (NYSE and ... an offering of €500.0 million principal amount of its 1.414% ... of its 2.425% senior unsecured notes due 2026. ... on December 13, 2016, subject to the satisfaction of customary closing ... The Company intends to use ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:1/13/2017)... Research and Markets has announced the addition of ... ... grow at a CAGR of 16.83% during the period 2017-2021. ... the global biopolymers market for 2017-2021. To calculate the market size, the ... products. The report also includes a a discussion of the key vendors ...
(Date:1/12/2017)... ... January 12, 2017 , ... Each year, Crain’s Detroit ... – a process that evaluates the patent estate of a company, its impact and ... a biomedical firm leading the way in technologies that transform energy sources such as ...
(Date:1/12/2017)... , Jan. 12, 2017   Protein ... and maker of Flublok Influenza Vaccine ®, ... vaccine candidate had good safety results and induced ... preclinical studies. The product is expected to advance ... months.  In addition, the Institute of Technology in ...
(Date:1/11/2017)... California (PRWEB) , ... January 11, 2017 , ... ... to support fertility specialists with accurate and reliable preimplantation genetic screening (PGS). , ... have achieved excellent results,” says Ovation Fertility Genetics Scientific Director Amy Jones, ...
Breaking Biology Technology: